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Cebaite-(Ce)

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About Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Colour:
Yellow to waxy-yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
4.31 - 4.66
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the composition that includes CErium and BArium. The suffix was added in 1987 and denotes the dominant rare earth element.
This page provides mineralogical data about Cebaite-(Ce).


Classification of Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Approved
5/C.07-140
5.BD.15

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.9.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.21

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Yellow to waxy-yellow
Streak:
Yellow-orange to pale gray
Hardness:
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
{301}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.31 - 4.66 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.81 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.598 - 1.604 nβ = 1.735 nγ = 1.740 - 1.748
2V:
Measured: 5° to 10°, Calculated: 20° to 32°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.142 - 0.144
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2

Crystallography of Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 21.42(5) Å, b = 5.078(5) Å, c = 13.30(5) Å
β = 94.8(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 4.218 : 1 : 2.619
Unit Cell V:
1,441.58 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014872Cebaite-(Ce)Yang Z (1995) Structure redetermination of natural cebaite-(Ce), Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2 Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1995 56-641995Bayan Obo REE-Nb-Fe deposit, Inner Mongolia, China0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Cebaite (in part)

Other Language Names for Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:氟碳铈钡矿

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2FOrth.
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2FOrth.
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Geochemistry RE mineral research group (1972) Cebaite - A type of RE and barium fluorine carbonate new mineral. Geochemistry: 1: 86-91. (in English)
Zhang, P., Tao, K. (1983) New data for cebaite. Scientia Geologica Sinica: 1983(4): 409-413. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Li, F.H., Hashimoto, H. (1984) Use of dynamical scattering in the structure determination of a minute fluorocarbonate mineral cebaite Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2 by high-resolution electron microscopy. Acta Crystallographica: B40: 454-461.
Dunn, P.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Ferraiolo, J.A., Langley, R.H., Pabst, A., Zilczer, J.A. (1985) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 214-221.
Nickel, E.H., Mandarino, J.A. (1987) Procedures involving the IMA Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names and guidelines on mineral nomenclature. American Mineralogist: 72: 1031-1042.
Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D. (1988) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 73: 1492-1499.
Mercier, N., Leblanc, M. (1993) Crystal growth and structures of rare earth fluorocarbonates. I. Structures of BaSm(C03)2F and Ba3La2(C03)5F2: Revision of the corresponding huanghoite and cebaite type structures. European Journal of Solid State Inorganic Chemistry: 30: 195-205.
Mercier, N., Leblanc, M. (1993) Crystal growth and structures of rare earth fluorocarbonates. II. Structures of zhonghuacerite Ba2Ce(C03)3F. Correlations between huanghoite, cebaite and zhonghuacerite type structures. European Journal of Solid State Inorganic Chemistry: 30: 207-216.
Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1108-1112.
Yang, Z. (1995) Structure redetermination of natural cebaite - (Ce), Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1995: 56-64.
Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998) REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola Peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, pargenesis, and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine: 62: 225–250.
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zhang, P.S., Le Bas, M.J. (2000) Ba-REE fluorcarbonate minerals from a carbonatite dyke at Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, North China. Mineralogy and Petrology: 70: 221-234.

Internet Links for Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Cebaite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O.,Cayer, A., Pelletier, M., Stevenson, R. & Jébrak, M. (2015) The Paleoproterozoic Montviel carbonatite-hosted REE–Nb deposit, Abitibi, Canada: Geology, mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis. Ore Geology Reviews 67, 314-335.
      • Nunavik
Mitchell, R.H. & Smith, D.L. (2017) Geology and mineralogy of the Ashram zone carbonatite, Eldor complex, Quebec. Ore Geology Reviews 86, 784-806.
China (TL)
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Geochemistry RE mineral research group (1972): Cebaite - A type of RE and barium fluorine carbonate new mineral. Geochemistry 1, 86-91 (in English).
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-130213802.html
          • Dulahala
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Xunwu Co.
Yunhuai Lin (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(4), 22-28
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Arandis
Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
 
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