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Bastnäsite-(La)

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About Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Formula:
La(CO3)F
Hardness:
4 - 5
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For the locality at the Bastnäs mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden, plus the "-(La)" suffix due to the dominance of lanthanum in the composition.
Lanthanum analogue of Bastnäsite-(Ce) and Bastnäsite-(Y).


Classification of Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Approved
5.BD.20a

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.1.2

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.9

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.717 nε = 1.818
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.101
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Formula:
La(CO3)F

Crystallography of Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal

Type Occurrence of Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Synonyms of Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Other Language Names for Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Simplified Chinese:氟碳镧石
Traditional Chinese:氟碳鑭石

Relationship of Bastnäsite-(La) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
Bastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
4 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
4 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Håleniusite-(La)(La,Ce)OF
4 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
4 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
4 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
2 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
2 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
2 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
2 photos of Bastnäsite-(La) associated with Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16a.1.1.1Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
16a.1.1.3Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
16a.1.1.4Bastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Maksimović, Z. and Pantó, G. (1978): Minerals of the rare-earth elements in karstic bauxites: synchisite-(Nd), a new mineral from the Grebnik deposit. Proc. 4th International Congress for the study of bauxites, alumina, and aluminum, Athens, 540-553. [includes description of bastnäsite-(La) from Marmara deposit]
American Mineralogist: 51: 152-158.
Hsu, L. C. (1992): Synthesis and stability of bastnaesites in a part of the system (Ce, La)-F-H-C-O. Mineralogy and Petrology 47, 81-101.
Aufschluss: 48: 367-379.

Internet Links for Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

Localities for Bastnäsite-(La)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Drake Co.
      • Gordonbrook
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Mineralogical and fluid characteristics of ‘Monakoff-Style’ iron–oxide–copper–gold (IOCG) mineralisation in the Cloncurry Area, Queensland. in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 214.
Williams et al 2015; Mineralogical and fluid characteristics of ‘Monakoff-Style’ iron–oxide–copper–gold (IOCG) mineralisation in the Cloncurry Area, Queensland. in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 214.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Yunta
Pring, A., Wallwork, K., Brugger, J., Kolitsch, U. (2006): "Paratooite-(La), a new lanthanum-dominant rare-earth copper carbonate from Paratoo, South Australia", Mineralogical Magazine 70, 131-138
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Novo Horizonte
      • Tapera
Menezes Filho, Luiz A.D. (2016)
Menezes Filho, L.A.D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Pekov, I.V., Chaves, M.L.S.C., Richards, R.P., Atencio, D., Brandão, P.R.G., Scholz, R., Krambrock, K., Moreira, R.L., Guimarães, F.S., Romano, A.W., Persiano, A.C., de Oliveira, L.C.A., Ardisson, J.D. (2015): Almeidaite, Pb(Mn,Y)Zn2(Ti,Fe3+)18O36(O,OH)2, a new crichtonite-group mineral, from Novo Horizonte, Bahia, Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 269–283
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Most District
      • Hora Svaté Kateřiny (Sankt Katharinaberg; Halleberg; Katterberg)
Breiter, Karel, Copjakova, Renata, and Skoda, Radek, 2009, The Involvement of F, CO2, and As in the Alteration of Zr-Th-REE-bearing Accessory Minerals in the Hora Svaté Kateřiny A-type Granite, Czech Republic, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 1375-1398.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Kolitsch, U., Graf, H. W. & Blaß, G. (1997): Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). Aufschluss 48, 367-379.; U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß and H.-W. Graf (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32, 19-23, 70.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2002) Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Der Aufschluss, 53(5-6), 363-371 (in German).
    • West Attica
      • Megara
Maksimović, Z. and Pantó, G. (1978): Minerals of the rare-earth elements in karstic bauxites: synchisite-(Nd), a new mineral from the Grebnik deposit. Proc. 4th International Congress for the study of bauxites, alumina, and aluminum, Athens, 540-553. [includes description of bastnäsite-(La) from Marmara deposit]
  • Central Greece
    • Phthiotis
      • Lokris
Sofia Kalatha, Maria Perraki, Maria Economou-Eliopoulos and Ioannis Mitsis (2017): On the origin of bastnaesite-(La,Nd,Y) in the Nissi (Patitira) bauxite laterite deposit, Lokris, Greece. Minerals 7, 45.
  • North Aegean
    • Samos
Theye, T.; Hatert, F.; Ockenga, E.; Bertoldi, C.; Lathe, C. (2010): Gramaccioliite-(Y): paragenesis chemistry, and structure in a new occurrence, Samos Island, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22, 443-452.
India
 
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
Bhushan, S. K. (2015). Geology of the Kamthai rare earth deposit. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(5), 537-546.
      • Malani Igneous Province
F. Wall, M. J. Le Bas and R. K. Srivastava (1993) Calcite and Carbocernaite Exsolution and Cotectic Textures in a Sr,REE-Rich Carbonatite Dyke from Rajasthan, India. Mineralogical Magazine 57:495-513.
Madagascar
 
  • Diana
    • Ambanja
      • Antsirabe
        • Betaimboay
          • Unnamed caldera
Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
Uwe Kolitsch (PXRD- and EDS-analysis; pseudomorph after tabular arisite crystals); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Nigeria
 
  • Nasarawa
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41-46.
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, K. E. (2018): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2017 - 2018. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 105-114
      • Tvedalen
Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
Herb Obodda
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kyshtym
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290; P.M. Kartashov data
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Äänisenranta District
      • Zaonezhskoe kimberlite field
Putintseva, E. V., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2017). Allanite-(Ce): a Typical Mineral of Metakimberlite from the Lake Kimozero Area, Karelia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(8), 720-728.
  • Tuva
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
South Korea
 
  • North Chungcheong Province
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov analytical data (2002)
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland County
    • Norberg
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Malpais Mesa
Paul M. Adams (2017) The Santa Rosa mine, Inyo County, California. Minerlogical Record 48:755-777
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
      • Stove Mountain (Cookstove Mountain)
Müller, M. M., Kleebe, H.-J., Lauterbach, S. and Zito, G. (2011): Crystallographic orientation relationship between bastnaesite, fluocerite and cerianite observed in a crystal from the pikes peak pegmatites. Z. Kristallogr. 226 (2011) 467-475.
  • Wisconsin
    • Waupaca Co.
Rocks & Minerals 79:6 pp409-411
 
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