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Huanghoite-(Ce)

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About Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
BaCe(CO3)2F
Colour:
Honey-yellow to yellowish-green
Lustre:
Greasy
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
4.51 - 4.67
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named for the Huang Ho River (Yellow River), near the type locality.
Synchysite Group. The barium analogue of Synchysite-(Ce).


Classification of Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Approved
5/C.07-130
5.BD.35

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.4.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.19

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Honey-yellow to yellowish-green
Hardness:
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=411 - Vickers
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.51 - 4.67 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.49 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.765 nε = 1.603
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.162
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Greenish yellow shades

Chemical Properties of Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
BaCe(CO3)2F

Crystallography of Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.072(1) Å, c = 38.46(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 7.583
Unit Cell V:
856.84 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Platy to granular.

Type Occurrence of Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Platy masses up to 10x5x1 cm.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 144184.

Other Language Names for Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:黄河矿

Relationship of Huanghoite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
Synchysite-(La) Ca(La,Nd)(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2FOrth.
Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
5 photos of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with FluoriteCaF2
2 photos of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
2 photos of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
2 photos of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
1 photo of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with BaryteBaSO4
1 photo of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with StrontianiteSrCO3
1 photo of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
1 photo of Huanghoite-(Ce) associated with BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2FOrth.
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2FOrth.
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Alters readily on the surface to yellow and brown ochers, with considerable loss of barium.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Semenov, E.I., Chang P.-S. (1961) Huanghoite, a new rare-earth mineral. Scientia Sinica: 10(8): 1007-1011 (in Russian).
Fleischer, M. (1963) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 48: 1178-1184.
Chang, P.-S. (1962) Huanghoite and the series bastnaesite - β-BaCO3. Scientia Sinica: 11: 251-258.
Nickel, E.H., Mandarino, J.A. (1987) Procedures involving the IMA Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names and guidelines on mineral nomenclature. American Mineralogist: 72: 1031-1042.
Yang, Z.M., Pertlik, F. (1993) Huanghoite-(Ce), BaCe(CO3)2F, from Khibina, Kola peninsula, Russia: redetermination of the crystal structure with a discussion on space group symmetry. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1993: 163-171.
Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1108-1112.
Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1993) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1314-1319.

Internet Links for Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Huanghoite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
China (TL)
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Semenov, E.I., and Chang Peishan (1961): Scientia Sinica 10(8), 1007-1011; Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Smith, M.P. (2007): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.; Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Campbell, L.S. (2000): Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(18), 3141-1360.
          • Dulahala
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
        • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
Anatoly Kasatkin analytical data, Pavel Kartashov material
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
      • The Carbonatite Stock in the vicinity of Tul'ilukht Bay
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
 
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