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Bastnäsite-(Nd)

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About Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Formula:
Nd(CO3)F
Colour:
Pale purplish pink to colourless
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
5.23 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Name first published without approval for a mineral from the Clara Mine, Black Forest, Germany, tentatively identified by Walenta (1992) as a Nd-dominant bastnäsite (see also Kolitsch et al. 1997, Kolitsch, 1997).
The F-analogue of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd).




Classification of Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Approved
Approval Year:
2011
5.BD.20a

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.1.4

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq

Physical Properties of Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Pale purplish pink to colourless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
on {1010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
5.23 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Formula:
Nd(CO3)F
IMA Formula:
Nd(CO3)F
Common Impurities:
La,Ce,Pr,Sm,Gd

Crystallography of Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 m2 - Ditrigonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P62c
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.0792(13) Å, c = 9.721(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.373
Unit Cell V:
421.92 ų
Z:
6

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.86 Å(71)
3.54 Å(70)
2.86 Å(100)
2.43 Å(22)
2.04 Å(31)
2.00 Å(48)
1.883 Å(29)
1.662 Å(16)

Type Occurrence of Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Occurs in the outer rim zone in crystals of bastnäsite-(Ce), found in cavities in yttrian fluorite.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Science Museum, Tokyo, registration number NSM-F15494.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Granite pegmatite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Relationship of Bastnäsite-(Nd) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2FOrth.
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16a.1.1.1Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
16a.1.1.2Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
16a.1.1.3Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Christian Weise Verlag, München. [tentative identification of a Nd-dominant bastnäsite]
Kolitsch, U., Graf, H.W., Blaß, G. (1997) Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). Aufschluss: 48: 367-379.
Kolitsch, U. (1997) Ianthinit und weitere Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Erzgräber: 11(2): 76-88.
Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Husdal, T. (2011) Bastnäsite-(Nd), IMA 2011-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2890. Mineralogical Magazine: 75: 2887-2893.
Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K. and Husdal, T.A. (2013) Bastnäsite-(Nd), a new Nd-dominant member of the bastnäsite group from the Stetind pegmatite, Tysfjord, Nordland, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25: 187-191.

Internet Links for Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Localities for Bastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
Mitchell, R.H. & Smith, D.L. (2017) Geology and mineralogy of the Ashram zone carbonatite, Eldor complex, Quebec. Ore Geology Reviews 86, 784-806.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Kolitsch, U., Graf, H. W. & Blaß, G. (1997): Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). Aufschluss 48, 367-379; Kolitsch, U. (1997): Ianthinit und weitere Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 11 (2), 76-88; Kolitsch, U., Gröbner, J. Blass, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32 (6), 19-23; 70 (in German).
Norway (TL)
 
  • Nordland
    • Narvik
Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K. and Husdal, T. (2011): Bastnäsite-(Nd), IMA 2011-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2890; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Miyawaki,R.,Yokoyama, K. & Husdal, T. A. (2013): Bastnäsite-(Nd), a new Nd-dominant member of the bastnäsite group from the Stetind pegmatite, Tysfjord, Nordland, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 187-191
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Tisovec
Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., 2007: Arsenian monazite-(Ce) and xenotime-(Y), REE arsenates and carbonates from the Tisovec-Rejkovo rhyolite, Western Carpathians, Slovakia: Composition and substitutions in the (REE,Y)XO4 system (X = P, As, Si, Nb, S). Lithos, 95, 116-129.
 
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