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Melanite

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About MelaniteHide

Formula:
Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Colour:
Black
Name:
Named in 1799 by Abraham Gottlob Werner from the Greek μελανός ("melanos") for "black".
A variety of Andradite

A black Ti-bearing (up to 11.5 mass% TiO2, usually ~5 or less mass%) variety of Andradite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Melanite.


Pronounciation of MelaniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of MelaniteHide

Colour:
Black

Chemical Properties of MelaniteHide

Formula:
Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3

Synonyms of MelaniteHide

Other Language Names for MelaniteHide

German:Melanit
Simplified Chinese:黑榴石
Spanish:Melanita
Traditional Chinese:黑榴石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
21 photos of Melanite associated with PerovskiteCaTiO3
11 photos of Melanite associated with SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
10 photos of Melanite associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
9 photos of Melanite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
6 photos of Melanite associated with ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
5 photos of Melanite associated with Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
5 photos of Melanite associated with DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
5 photos of Melanite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
4 photos of Melanite associated with PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
3 photos of Melanite associated with Scapolite

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Melanite in petrologyHide

References for MelaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Werner, Abraham Gottlob (1799) in L. A. Emmerling, Lehrbuch für Mineralogie, second edition, volume 1, p. 172.
Howie, R.A., Wooley, A.R., Scoon, J.H., Tyler, R.C., and Walsh, J.N. (1968) The role of titanium and the effect of TiO2 on the cell size, refractive index, and specific gravity in the andradite-melanite-schorlomite series: Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 775-790.
Huggins, F.E., Virgo, D., and Huckenbolz, H.G. (1977) Titanium-containing silicate garnets: II. The crystal chemistry of melanites and schorlomites: American Mineralogist: 62: 646-665.
Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 142-153.
Agrosì, G., Scandale, E., and Digennaro, M.A. (2001) Growth defects of a melanite crystal. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen: 176: 89-107.
Agrosì, G., Schingaro, E., Pedrazzi, G., Scandale, E., and Scordari, F. (2002) A crystal chemical insight into sector zoning of a titanian andradite ('melanite') crystal. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 785-794.

Internet Links for MelaniteHide

Localities for MelaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Salta Province
    • Iruya department
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 163.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • King Island municipality
      • King Island
        • Grassy
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • Lienz District
      • Virgen Valley
        • Prägraten am Großvenediger
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Ayopaya Province
Schultz (2004)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Serra do Salitre
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139: 17 p. and database.
  • Santa Catarina
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
  • São Paulo
http://www.igc.usp.br/geologiausp/iga/art.php?artigo=7
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Pell, Jennifer (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Boundary Camp
Nixon, G., & Archibald, D. (2002). Age of Platinum-Group-Element Mineralization in the Sappho Alkaline Complex, South-Central British Columbia. BCMEM Paper, 1, 171-176
    • Liard Mining Division
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Neill, I. & Russel, J.K. (1983) Mineralogy and chemistry of the Rugged Mountain pluton: a melanite-bearing alkaline intrusion. British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 1993-1, 149-157.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Tappe, S., (2005) Genesis of Ultramafic Lamprophyres and Carbonatites, Aillik Bay, Canada: Implications for Incipient Rifting in the Labrador Sea Area. Nature and Origin of Ultramafic Lamprophyres and Carbonatites from the Borders of the Labrador Sea: Insights from Petrology, Geochemistry, and Geochronology. PhD thesis Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Chapleau Township
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
      • Lackner Township
R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Killala Lake Area
Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; David H. Watkinson (1972) Electron microprobe analysis of melilite and garnet from the Oka complex, Quebec. Can Mineral 11:457-463
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
José Carlos Mañuz Sanz specimen
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Zhenghe County
Wang, Q., Li, J. W., Jian, P., Zhao, Z. H., Xiong, X. L., Bao, Z. W., ... & Ma, J. L. (2005). Alkaline syenites in eastern Cathaysia (South China): link to Permian–Triassic transtension. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 230(3-4), 339-354.
  • Hebei
    • Handan
      • She County
Zhang Jinmin and Cao Zhengmin (1988): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 3(2)
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Chongli District
Jiang, N. (2005). Petrology and geochemistry of the Shuiquangou syenitic complex, northern margin of the North China Craton. Journal of the Geological Society, 162(1), 203-215.
      • Zhuolu County
Hou, T., Zhang, Z., Keiding, J. K., & Veksler, I. V. (2015). Petrogenesis of the ultrapotassic Fanshan intrusion in the North China Craton: implications for lithospheric mantle metasomatism and the origin of apatite ores. Journal of Petrology, 56(5), 893-918Jiang, N., Chu, X., Mizuta, T., Ishiyama, D., & Mi, J. (2004). A magnetite-apatite deposit in the Fanshan alkaline ultramafic complex, Northern China. Economic Geology, 99(2), 397-408. Mu, B., Jiang, P., Zeng, Y., & Yan, G. (1988). The Fanshan igneous complex and apatite–magnetite deposit in Hebei Province, China. Mu, B., Shao, J., Chu, Z., Yan, G., & Qiao, G. (2001). Sm–Nd age and Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic compositions of the potassic–alkaline–ultramafic rock–syenite complex in Fanshan, Hebei Province. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 17, 358-365. Niu, X., Chen, B., Liu, A., Suzuki, K., & Ma, X. (2012). Petrological and Sr–Nd–Os isotopic constraints on the origin of the Fanshan ultrapotassic complex from the North China Craton. Lithos, 149, 146-158. Yan, G., Mu, B., Xu, B., He, G., Tan, L., Zhao, H., ... & Qiao, G. (1999). Triassic alkaline intrusives in the Yanliao-Yinshan area: their chronology, Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic characteristics and their implication. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 42(6), 582-587.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Ulanqab City (Wulanchabu Prefecture)
      • Chahar Right Back Banner (Chaha'er Youyi Houqi)
Zhang, X., Zhang, H., Jiang, N., Zhai, M., & Zhang, Y. (2010). Early Devonian alkaline intrusive complex from the northern North China craton: a petrological monitor of post-collisional tectonics. Journal of the Geological Society, 167(4), 717-730.
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.; MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
  • Shanxi
    • Lüliang
      • Xing County
Ying, J., Zhang, H., Sun, M., Tang, Y., Zhou, X., & Liu, X. (2007). Petrology and geochemistry of Zijinshan alkaline intrusive complex in Shanxi Province, western North China Craton: implication for magma mixing of different sources in an extensional regime. Lithos, 98(1-4), 45-66. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan
      • Puge County
Zhang, Y., Luo, Y., & Yang, C. (Eds.). (1990). Panxi Rift and its geodynamics. Geological Publishing House.
      • Xichang County
        • Taihe intrusion
Rubo Zhang, Chongliang Du, and Zaoyun Long (2003): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(3), 5-8
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Gejiu City
Baiyou Chen, Yuru Yu, and Hongfei Jiang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 901-905
Colombia
 
  • Vaupés Department
Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Sokolov District
      • Kraslice
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Ústí nad Labem District
Ulrych, J. et al. (2000): Tertiary phonolite laccolith of Mariánská hora hill, N. Bohemia: geological, petrological and mineralogical characteristics. Acta Montana IRSM AS CR, series A No. 15 (116), p. 5-44.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Paamiut (Frederikshåb)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
DR Congo
 
  • Kasaï
Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
  • North Kivu
    • Beni Territory
      • Bashu
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE— database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1139/].
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Menet
J. Aubouin, R. Brousse, J.P. Lehman : "Précis de Géologie", Dunod, 1967
    • Rhône
      • Villefranche
        • Chessy-les-Mines
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Frossay
Baret, Ch. (1905): Catalogue de la Collection de Minéralogie de la Loire-Inférieure, Muséum de Nantes, 114.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
Knop, A. (1877): Über den Schorlomit vom Kaiserstuhl, Zeitschrift fü4r Krystallographie und Mineralogie, Vol. 1, pp58-64, Engelmann, Leipzig
Fricke, G., (1988): Der Kaiserstuhl und seine Minerale, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39(2), 74-76
        • Vogtsburg im Kaiserstuhl
          • Oberbergen
Knop, A. (1877): Über den Schorlomit vom Kaiserstuhl, Zeitschrift fü4r Krystallographie und Mineralogie, Vol. 1, pp58-64, Engelmann, Leipzig
Aufschluss 1988(2), 79
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Oberrotweil
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Fricke, G., (1988): Der Kaiserstuhl und seine Minerale, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39(2), 74-76
            • Niederrotweil
http://omnibus.uni-freiburg.de/~weisenbt/9Kaiserstuhl/Kaiserstuhl.pdf
          • Schelingen
            • Orberg - Badberg area
Keller, J., Williams T. (1995): Niocalite and Wöhlerite from the alkaline and carbonatite rocks at Kaiserstuhl, Germany, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.: 59, 561-566
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Brohltal
        • Niederzissen
          • Hannebach
in the collection of Ch.&H. Schäfer
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mendig
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Greece
 
  • South Aegean
    • Tinos
      • Tinos Island
Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
Guinea
 
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Kadapa district
Suresh, G., Ananthanarayana, R., Hanumanthu, R. C., Ghosh, S., Kumar, A. A., & Reddy, K. V. S. (2010). Geology of Pulikonda and Dancherla Alkaline Complexes, Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 75(4), 576-595.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
      • Chhota Udaipur
R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.; Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
    • Junagadh District (Girnar)
Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the nepheline syenite of Mount Girnar, India. Lithos, 4(4), 357-366. Bose, M. K. (1973). Petrology and geochemistry of the igneous complex of Mount Girnar, Gujarat, India. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 39(3), 247-266. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Subba Rao, S. (1964). The geology of the igneous complex of the Girnar hills, Gujarat State, India. Int. Geol. Congr., 22nd, New Delhi, 1964, Rep: VII, Sect, 7, 42-60. Rao, S. S. (1968). The Petrology of the Lamprophyres of the Girnar Hills, Kathiawar, India. Geological Society of India, 9(1), 82-87. Paul, D. K., Potts, P. J., Rex, D. C., & Beckinsale, R. D. (1977). Geochemical and petrogenetic study of the Girnar igneous complex, Deccan volcanic province, India. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 88(2), 227-234.
  • Kerala
    • Kannur district
Nair, N. G. K., & Santosh, M. (1984). Petrochemistry and tectonic significance of the Peralimala alkali granite, Cannanore District, Kerala. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 25(1), 35-44. Santosh, M., & Kumar, K. V. (1986). Radioelement geochemistry of alkali granites of the Kerala region, south-west India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 95(1), 103-115. Santosh, M., Iyer, S. S., Vasconcellos, M. B. A., & Enzweiler, J. (1989). Late Precambrian alkaline plutons in southwest India: geochronologic and rare-earth element constraints on Pan-African magmatism. Lithos, 24(1), 65-79. Sukumaran, P. V., & PV, S. (1983). AEGIRINE AUGITE SYENITE AT PERALIMALA, CANNANORE DISTRICT KERALA. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 24, 54-56.
  • Meghalaya
    • East Khasi Hills District
Krishnamurthy, P. (1985). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated rocks of Sung Valley, Jaintia hills district, Meghalaya, India. Journal of The Geological Society of India, 26(6), 361-379. Sen, A. K. (1999). Origin of the Sung Valley carbonatite complex, Meghalaya, India: major element geochemistry constraints. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 53(3), 285-297.
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
      • Malani Igneous Province
Chandrasekaran, V., Srivastava, R. K., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Geochemistry of the alkaline rocks of Sarnu-Dandali area, district Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 36(4), 365-382. Chandrasekaran, V., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Carbonatites of Barmer district, Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 44(4), 315-324. Chandrasekaran, V., & Srivastava, R. K. (1992). Geochemistry of the Sarnu-Dandali carbonatites, District Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 39(4), 321-328. Ray, J. S., & Ramesh, R. (1999). Evolution of carbonatite complexes of the Deccan flood basalt province: stable carbon and oxygen isotopic constraints. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 104(B12), 29471-29483. Srivastava, R. K. (1989). Alkaline and peralkaline rocks of Rajasthan. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 3-24.
Italy
 
  • Abruzzo
    • L'Aquila Province
      • Carsoli
        • Pietrasecca
Comodi, P., Liu, Y., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. (1999). A multi-method analysis of Si-, S- and REE-rich apatite from a new find of kalsilite-bearing leucitite (Abruzzi, Italy). Mineralogical Magazine, 63: 661-672.
Barberi, M., Barbieri, M., D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Stoppa F. (2001) Il vulcanismo monogenico medio-pleistocenico della conca di Carsoli (L’Aquila). Geologica Romana, 36 (2000-2002), 13-31.
Barberi, M., Barbieri, M., D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Stoppa F. (2001) Il vulcanismo monogenico medio-pleistocenico della conca di Carsoli (L’Aquila). Geologica Romana, 36 (2000-2002), 13-31; D'Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Capitanio, F., Stoppa, F., Rosatelli, G., Barbieri, M. (2006) Il vulcanismo medio-pleistocenico dell’Appennino Laziale-Abruzzese: dalle peculiarità scientifiche agli aspetti applicativi. Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 72, 7-67.
Barberi, M., Barbieri, M., D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Stoppa F. (2001) Il vulcanismo monogenico medio-pleistocenico della conca di Carsoli (L’Aquila). Geologica Romana, 36 (2000-2002), 13-31; D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Chiessi, V., Censi Neri, P., Morri, A., Roma, M., Falcetti, S. (2014) La conca intermontana di Oricola-Carsoli (AQ): caratteri geologici, geomorfologici e applicativi. Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 91, 7-114.
Barberi, M., Barbieri, M., D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Stoppa F. (2001) Il vulcanismo monogenico medio-pleistocenico della conca di Carsoli (L’Aquila). Geologica Romana, 36 (2000-2002), 13-31; D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Chiessi, V., Censi Neri, P., Morri, A., Roma, M., Falcetti, S. (2014) La conca intermontana di Oricola-Carsoli (AQ): caratteri geologici, geomorfologici e applicativi. Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 91, 7-114.
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
Carati M., 1982. Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Guide Calderini, Bologna.
M. Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
Rath, G. vom, 1877: Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs, Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167
  • Lazio
    • Frosinone Province
      • Giuliano di Roma
Stoppani F.S., Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
      • Supino
Fratangeli G., Severa C. (1996): I minerali nei proietti di Supino (FR). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20, 3 (3-1996), 251-256.
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Albano Laziale
Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
Klaproth, M.H. (1810) Chemische Untersuchung des Melanits. Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Fünfter Band. Decker und Co., Posen, & Heinrich August Rottmann, Berlin, pages 168-172; vom Rath, G. (1866) Mineralogisch-geognostische Fragmente aus Italien. Erster Theil. II. Das Albaner Gebirge. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, Bd. 18, 3, 510-561; Mantovani, P. (1868) Descrizione mineralogica dei vulcani laziali. Stabilimento Tipografico di Giuseppe Via, Roma, 54 pp.; Jervis, G. (1873) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 1: Regioni delle Alpi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XV+410 pp.
      • Rocca di Papa
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
      • Rome
Zambonini, F. (1898) Magnetite dei fossi di Acquacetosa e del Tavolato. Rivista di mineralogia e cristallografia italiana, 21, 21-35.
Del Caldo, A. (1971) Località mineralogiche consigliate. Le vulcaniti laziali. 2) Minerali della pozzolana romana. Notizie del Guppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 2, 1 (marzo 1971), 9; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
        • Osteria dell'Osa
Del Caldo, A. (1971) Località mineralogiche consigliate. Le vulcaniti laziali. 1) Cava di selce dell'Osa. Notizie del Guppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 2, 1 (marzo 1971), 6-8; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Magliano Romano
Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
      • Tolfa Mts District
        • Allumiere
Della Ventura, G., Bellatreccia, F., Cámara, F., Oberti, R., Lorand, J.P., Parodi, G.C., Carlier, G., Di Domenico, D. (2006): Carbon-bearing cordierite from Allumiere (Tolfa volcanic center, Latium, Italy): occurrence, crystal-structure and FTIR microspectroscopy. Periodico di Mineralogia, 75, 113–126.
    • Viterbo Province
Di Domenico Dario specimen
      • Làtera volcano
        • Farnese
Stoppani, F.S., Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
        • Gradoli
- Signoretti, E. & Bosco, P. (2001): Le cave di Gradoli e Onano. Il Cercapietre, 1/2-2001, 10-25
        • Ischia di Castro
https://www.mindat.org/locedit.php?loc=241132&m=1
        • Onano
Cresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella, D. (2002): Geositi e sistema delle arre protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2002, 48-55
        • Valentano
Burli, M., Caponera, I., Signoretti, E. (2007): Le "sanidiniti" di Monte Saliette (Valentano, VT). Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 13-18
No reference listed
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Cene
        • Rossa Valley
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Rubiana
Piccoli, Maletto, Bosio, Lombardo - Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta - Edizioni Piccoli pag. 24
      • San Giorio di Susa
Barresi, A. (1996) La Val di Susa e i suoi minerali. Volume I. Gruppo Mineralogico e Paleontologico C.A.I.-U.G.E.T., Torino, 37 pp.; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., and Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, L'Artigiana Srl - Azienda Grafica, Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
      • Sant'Ambrogio di Torino
Maletto, G., and Meda, F. (1976) Sulla diffusione della perowskite nelle serpentine e nelle rodingiti della provincia di Torino e della Valle d'Aosta. Notiziario di Mineralogia e Paleontologia (Riccione), 7, 7-19; Barresi, A. (1996) La Val di Susa e i suoi minerali. Volume I. Gruppo Mineralogico e Paleontologico C.A.I.-U.G.E.T., Torino, 37 pp.; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., and Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, L'Artigiana Srl - Azienda Grafica, Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Metropolitan City of Cagliari
      • Assemini
Stara, P. (1990): La miniera di San Leone (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1990, 121-136.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Monzoni Mountains
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Pitigliano
Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15 (3): 121-139.
Japan
 
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Motosu City
      • Neo area
Sawaki, T. (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 357-373 (in Japanese with English abstract).
  • Hiroshima Prefecture
    • Shoubara City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Oshu City
      • Esashi ward
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tono City
      • Miyamori
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Okayama Prefecture
    • Takahashi City
      • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
        • Fuka
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Region
    • Zerendy
Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
  • Kostanay Region
    • Rudny
Yaiba Sakaguchi
Richard Dale collection & prior Mindat photos
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Bayanaul
  • Turkistan Region
    • Tole Bi
Kenya
 
  • Homa Bay County
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
  • Kajiado County
Peterson, T.D. (1989) Peralkaline Nephelinites. I. Comparative petrology of Shombole and Oldoinyo L'engai, East Africa. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Vol.101, 458-478.
  • Kwale County
Woolley, A. R. (1987). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Phalombe
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Zomba
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Mali
 
  • Kayes Region
    • Cercle de Bafoulabé
      • Commune Diakon
Karel Bal Collection
          • Bendougou village (Bendoukou village; Benduko village)
Currier, R. H., Pohl, D., (2011), Mineral Collecting in Mali, Mineralogical Record: 42(3): 231-250
Rock H. Currier, Demetrius Pohl (2011) Mineral Collecting in Mali. Mineralogical Record 42:231-250
    • Cercle de Nioro du Sahel
      • Commune Sandaré
        • Arrondissement Sandaré
Russ Rizzo specimens
Mauritania
 
  • Tiris Zemmour Region
    • Bir Moghrein
Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Mexico
 
  • San Luis Potosí
    • Charcas Municipality
      • Charcas
Yves Masson specimen
Morocco
 
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Errachidia Province
various added photos
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Jour Pet 39:2123-2136
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Nome
Årtveit, J. T. (2014): Fensfeltet. Fensfeltet Geologiforening, Ulefoss 2014, 192p.
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
    • Siljan
Andersen, T. & Sørensen, H. (1993): Crystallization and metasomatism of nepheline syenite xenolites in quartz-bearing intrusive rocks in the permian Oslo rift, SE Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 73: 250-266.
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Hasvik
Bøe, P. (2001): Geologi og mineralogi på Sørøya i Finnmark. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 23-29
Sturt, B.A. & Ramsay, D.M. (1965): The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 231, 1-164. ; Michalsen, A. (2010): Minerallokaliteter på Sørøya, Vest-Finnmark- den grønne øya i nord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 41-52
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Stokkøya
Larsen, A. O. (1988): Helvite group minerals form syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no 68. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68: 119-124
Paraguay
 
  • Amambay Department
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 206 (BMNH, London, 1987)
Peru
 
  • Ucayali
    • Coronel Portillo Province
Stewart, J.W. (1971) Neogene peralkaline igneous activity in eastern Peru. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 82, 2307-2312.
Russia
 
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Northern Karelia
Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
    • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Mirninsky District
P.M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Tisovec
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Solomon Islands
 
  • Malaita Province
    • Malaita Island (Mala Island)
Mineralogical Magazine,1980, VOL. 43, PP. 587-96
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Fuerteventura
-Barrera J.L.,Fernandez S., Fuster J.M.,Ibarrola E., (1981) Ijolitas-Sienitas-Carbonatitas de los macizos del norte del Complejo Plutónico Basal de Fuerteventura (Islas Canarias). Bol.Geol y Minero T. XCII-IV (309-321).
-Barrera J.L.,Fernandez S., Fuster J.M.,Ibarrola E., (1981) Ijolitas-Sienitas-Carbonatitas de los macizos del norte del Complejo Plutónico Basal de Fuerteventura (Islas Canarias). Bol.Geol y Minero T. XCII-IV (309-321).
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Burguillos del Cerro
Monchi Mine, Burguillos del Cerro, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
  • Murcia
Minerales de la Región de Murcia; M. Muelas, Jordi Gil (1996)
  • Valencian Community
    • Alicante
      • Albatera
Calvo, M. y Subías, I. (2017). Epidote (not clinozoisite) and andradite garnet from Los Serranos quarry, Cabezo Negro, Albatera, Alicante. Mineral Up, 4 (4), 44-47.
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Ratnapura
Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Sweden
 
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Timrå
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Bernina Region
      • Poschiavo Valley
        • Poschiavo
          • Selva
Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
  • Schaffhausen
    • Bargen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 39
  • Valais
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Zermatt
          • Findel glacier (Findeln glacier; Findelen glacier) area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 38
          • Gorner glacier area
Christian Bracke Collection
Christian Bracke Collection
      • Saas Valley
        • Saas-Fee
          • Fee glacier
Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz, Wepf Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-85977-200-7
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Hualien Co.
      • Wanjung (Wan-Lon)
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Wiedenmann D, Zaitsev A N, Britvin S N, Krivovichev S V, Keller J (2009) Alumoåkermanite, (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7), a new mineral from the active carbonatite-nephelinite-phonolite volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 373-384
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Assynt
        • Loch Borralan
Livingstone, 2002, p. 186
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Nome Census Area
      • Koyuk Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Sierra Ancha Mountains
        • Sierra Ancha Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111.
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 74, pages 132-140, 1989
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
American Mineralogist, Volume 7 4, pages 113-131, 1989
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
W. S. Wise (2006) research at UCSB
    • Inyo Co.
      • Lee Mining District
        • Nelson Range
          • Summit 2347 meters
McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 59; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Cottonwood Mountains
McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 56; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 495.
    • San Benito Co.
John Betts
        • Picacho Peak
          • Clear Creek area
        • San Benito Peak (San Benito Mountain)
www.mineralsocal.org
Rob Lavinsky (ex. David Bristol specimen)
Am Min 51:381-387
Bolander, L. Ph., Jr. (1950), New California mineral: perovskite: The Mineralogist: 18: 65; Moller, W.P. (1965) Minerals of southern San Benito County, California. Gems and Minerals: 331: 28-32; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 195, 286, 325; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 170, 322.
www.mineralsocal.org
Pabst, Adolf (1951), Minerals of the serpentine area in San Benito County, California Rocks & Minerals: 26: 482; Moller, W.P. (1965) Minerals of southern San Benito County, California. Gems and Minerals: 331: 28-32; Howie, R.A., Wooley, A.R., Scoon, J.H., Tyler, R.C., and Walsh, J.N. (1968) The role of titanium and the effect of TiO2 on the cell size, refractive index, and specific gravity in the andradite-melanite-schorlomite series. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 778; Isaacs, T. (1968) Titanium substitution in andradites. Chem. Geol.: 3: 219; Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 144; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 498.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; USGS ProfessionaL Paper 197A
  • Connecticut
    • New Haven Co.
      • New Haven
Dana, Edward S. (1877): On the occurrence of Garnets with the Trap of New Haven, Connecticut. American Journal of Science Series 3, Volume 14, page 215.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Frankford Township
        • Wykertown
Am.Min.: 35: 500-507 (1950), Milton, C. & Davidson, N.: 500
Rock Currier
        • Franklin
Rock Currier
      • Wantage Township
        • Libertyville
Rutgers Univ. Bull. #5, Pt 1:53-54.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 84.
  • North Carolina
Gems and Minerals of America - Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Oroville Mining District
        • Oroville
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.44
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
 
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