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Prairie Lake carbonatite, Killala Lake Area, Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Prairie Lake carbonatite- not defined -
Killala Lake AreaArea
Thunder Bay DistrictDistrict
OntarioProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
49° 2' 7'' North , 86° 43' 3'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Marathon4,627 (2008)37.9km


Carbonatite complex, with an approximate surface of 10 km2, dated at 1 Ga.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


43 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Sage (1987) OGS Study 46.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sage (1987) OGS Study 46.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
'Ancylite'
Reference: http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006); Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Sage (1987) OGS Study 46.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720. ; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 648–652, 2009; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Reference: Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Sage (1987) OGS Study 46.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Sage (1987) OGS Study 46.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Marianoite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,1023(2008)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006); Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006); Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sage (1987) OGS Study 46.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720. ; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 648–652, 2009; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720. ; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
Slawsonite
Formula: Sr(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
Stronalsite
Formula: Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 648–652, 2009; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006); Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720. ; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Calzirtite4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Marianoite (TL)9.BE.17Na2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Slawsonite9.FA.50Sr(Al2Si2O8)
Stronalsite9.FA.60Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Feldspar Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Miscellaneous
Calzirtite8.7.4.1CaZr3TiO9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Slawsonite76.1.5.2Sr(Al2Si2O8)
Stronalsite76.1.6.2Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Ancylite'-
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Feldspar Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Marianoite (TL)-Na2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
O WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
O StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O RutileTiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
F WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Na WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Na StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Al StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Si WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Si StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Ca WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
TiTitanium
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
SrStrontium
Sr StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
Sr SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Zr WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Nb WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
BaBarium
Ba BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
TaTantalum
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
ThThorium
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
UUranium
U Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mariano, A. N., 1979. A petrographic examination of selected rocks and drill core from the Prairie Lake Carbonatite Complex, Ontario, Canada. Unpubl. Rep. to Union of Oil of Canada, Ltd.
Bell, K., Blenkinsop, J., 1980. Ages and initial 87-86 ratios from alkaline complexes of Ontario. In Geoscience Research Grant Program Summary of Research, 1979-1980. Ont. Geol. Surv., MP 93: 16-23.
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.
Sage, R.P. (1987) Geology of Prairie Lake Carbonatite Complex, District of Thunder Bay. Ontario Geological Survey, Study 46, 91p.
Chakhmouradian,A.R et. al.(2008) Marianoite, A new member of the cuspidine group from the Prairie Lake silicocarbonatite, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 46: 1023-1032

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