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Cuproiridsite

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About CuproiridsiteHide

Classification of CuproiridsiteHide

Approved
2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
2.10.1.15

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
3.12.62

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of CuproiridsiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Iron black
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN30=578 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Density:
7.24 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CuproiridsiteHide

Type:
Isotropic
Colour in reflected light:
Gray

Chemical Properties of CuproiridsiteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
IMA Formula:
CuIr2S4
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ni,Pt,Rh

Crystallography of CuproiridsiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Setting:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.92 Å
Unit Cell V:
976.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
300 micron inclusions in isoferroplatinum

Type Occurrence of CuproiridsiteHide

Synonyms of CuproiridsiteHide

Other Language Names for CuproiridsiteHide

Relationship of Cuproiridsite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
ToyohaiteAg1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Cuproiridsite associated with IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.DA.05GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.DA.05PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.DA.05TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
2.DA.10ToyohaiteAg1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet.
2.DA.15BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.20InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.10.1.1LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.2CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.3FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.4TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.5BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.6SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.7PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.9TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.10.1.10GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.11DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.12InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.13KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.14Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.10.1.16Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.17MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.10.1.20CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
3.12.6XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7Iso.
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)Hex.
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
3.12.23MerenskyitePdTe2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3Trig.
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAsHex.
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2Hex.
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.30VincentitePd3AsTet.
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)Orth.
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2Hex.
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
3.12.34SudburyitePdSbHex.
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4Iso.
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4Hex.
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.12.40SobolevskitePdBiHex.
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.47MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2Orth.
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.55StumpflitePtSbHex.
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2Mon.
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbSIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CuproiridsiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Rudashevsky, N.S., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Mochalov, A.G., Trubkin, N.V., Shumskaya, N.I., and Zhdanov, V.V. (1985) Cuprorhodsite CuRh2S4 and cuproiridsite CuIr2S4 - new natural thiospinels of platinum-group elements. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 187-195 (in Russian).
American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 1277.

Internet Links for CuproiridsiteHide

Localities for CuproiridsiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Fifield
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Leoben District
Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
      • Sankt Stefan ob Leoben
        • Mitterberg
Malitch, K. N., & Knauf, V. V. (2002). Diversity of PGM assemblages at Kraubath: a case study of mantle-derived chromitites from the Eastern Alps, Austria. In 9th International Platinum Symposium (Abstracts).
Melcher+Mali (1998)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Tulameen
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Microprobe analyzed by Cureton Minerals.
Canadian Mineralogist (2005): 43: 1705.
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Thetford Mines
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
    • Sagua de Tánamo District
González-Jiménez, J. M., Gervilla, F., Proenza, J. A., Augé, T., Griffin, W. L., & O’Reilly, S. Y. (2010). Contemporaneous Segregation of PGE-and BM-Rich Sulfide Melts and Chromite Crystallization: The Caridad Chromite Deposit, Mayarí-Baracoa Ophiolitic Belt (Eastern Cuba). 11th International Platinum Symposium Ontario Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Release–Data 269
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Enontekiö
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland
    • Inari
      • Ivalojoki
Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
Kojonen, K., Tarkian, M., Heidrich, S. & Johanson, B. (2014) Placer Platinum-group Minerals from Sotajoki River, Inari, Finland. 12th International Platinum Symposium p259
Greece
 
  • Central Greece
    • Phthiotis
      • Domokos
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
  • West Macedonia
    • Kozani and Grevena border area
      • Vourinos Mt ophiolite complex
        • Pontini and Chromion area
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperature: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Thalhammer, O., & Garuti, G. (2005). The Finero chromitites (Ivrea Zone, Italy): evidence for metasomatism in a mantle plume. Poster session presented at Platinum 10th International Platinum Symposium, Oulu, Finnland, .
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Kargaly
Melcher, F., Grum, W., Simon, G., Thalhammer, T.V., Stumpfl, E.F. (1997): Petrogenesis of the Ophiolitic Giant Chromite Deposits of Kempirsai, Kazakhstan: a Study of Solid and Fluid Inclusions in Chromite. J Petrol.: 38(10), 1419–1458; https://doi.org/10.1093/petroj/38.10.1419
Myanmar
 
  • Sagaing Region
    • Monywa District
Hagen, D., Weiser, T., & Htay, T. (1990). Platinum-group minerals in Quaternary gold placers in the upper Chindwin area of northern Burma. Mineralogy and Petrology, 42(1-4), 265-286.
North Macedonia
 
  • Greater Skopje Municipality
    • Saraj
      • Raduša
Augé, T., Morin, G., Bailly, L., & Serafimovsky, T. (2017). Platinum-group minerals and their host chromitites in Macedonian ophiolites. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29(4), 585-596.
Philippines
 
  • Visayas
    • Eastern Visayas Region
      • Samar Island
Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
Подлипский, М. Ю., Сидоров, Е. Г., Толстых, Н. Д., & Кривенко, А. П. (1999). Кобальтсодержащий маланит и другие тиошпинели платины из россыпных проявлений реки Майор (Камчатка). Геология и геофизика, 40(4), 645-648.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Kutyrev, A. V., Sidorov, E. G., Antonov, A. V., & Chubarov, V. M. (2018). Platinum-group mineral assemblage of the Prizhimny Creek (Koryak Highland). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(8), 935-944.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Rudashevsky, N.S., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Mochalov, A.G., Trubkin, N.V., Shumskaya, N.I., and Zhdanov, V.V. (1985) Cuprorhodsite CuRh2S4 and cuproiridsite CuIr2S4 - new natural thiospinels of platinum-group elements. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 187-195 (in Russian).; Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Sayan Mountains
Kiseleva, O. N., Zhmodik, S. M., Damdinov, B. B., Agafonov, L. V., & Belyanin, D. K. (2014). Composition and evolution of PGE mineralization in chromite ores from the Il’chir ophiolite complex (Ospa–Kitoi and Khara-Nur areas, East Sayan). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 55(2), 259-272.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Nizhnyaya Tura
P.M. Kartashov data
    • Yekaterinburg
      • Alapaevsk Ophiolite
Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Kazakov, I. (2016): Platinum-Group Minerals and Other Accessory Phases in Chromite Deposits of the Alapaevsk Ophiolite, Central Urals, Russia. Minerals: 6: 108;
Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Kazakov, I. (2016): Platinum-Group Minerals and Other Accessory Phases in Chromite Deposits of the Alapaevsk Ophiolite, Central Urals, Russia. Minerals: 6: 108;
Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p283; Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.; Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
  • Tyumen Oblast
Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Jan Pašava, Ilja Knésl, Anna Vymazalová, Ivan Vavřín, Ludmila Ivanovna Gurskaya, Leonid Ruslanovich Kolbantsev (2011) Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements (PGE) in chromites from Centralnoye I, Polar Urals, Russia. Geoscience Frontiers 2:81-85
Jan Pašava, Ilja Knésl, Anna Vymazalová, Ivan Vavřín, Ludmila Ivanovna Gurskaya, Leonid Ruslanovich Kolbantsev (2011) Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements (PGE) in chromites from Centralnoye I, Polar Urals, Russia. Geoscience Frontiers 2:81-85
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
    • Freetown layered complex
Bowles, J. F., Suárez, S., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2018). The mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of the alluvial platinum-group minerals of the Freetown Layered Complex, Sierra Leone. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-30.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Census Area
      • Goodnews Bay
several EDS analyses by Bart Cannon.
  • Oregon
    • Curry Co.
      • Cape Blanco
Stockman, H.W., and Hlava, P.F. (1984): Economic Geology 79, 491-508.
    • Jackson Co.
Stockman, H.W., Hlava, P.F. (1984) Platinum-group minerals in alpine chromitites from southwestern Oregon. Econ. Geol.: 79: 491-508; in: Jambor, J.L. (1989): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1217
 
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