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Brezinaite

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About BrezinaiteHide

08031290014949150067859.jpg
Aristides Brezina
Formula:
Cr3S4
Hardness:
3½ - 4½
Specific Gravity:
4.12 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1969 by Theodore E. Bunch and Louis H. Fuchs in honor of Maria Aristides Brezina [May 4, 1848 Wien (Vienna), Austria – May 25, 1909 Wien (Vienna), Austria], past Director of the Mineralogy-Petrology Section of the Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria. Brezina was one of the most important researchers of meteoritics and helped develop an important early classification of meteorites.
This page provides mineralogical data about Brezinaite.


Classification of BrezinaiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1969
2.DA.15

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
2.10.2.2

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
3.8.1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
8 : Sulphides etc. of Cr, Mo, W an Mn

Physical Properties of BrezinaiteHide

Transparency:
Opaque
Hardness:
3½ - 4½ on Mohs scale
Density:
4.12 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of BrezinaiteHide

Formula:
Cr3S4
Common Impurities:
Fe,V,Ti,Mn,Ni

Crystallography of BrezinaiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.96(1) Å, b = 3.425(5) Å, c = 11.270(15) Å
β = 91.53°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.74 : 1 : 3.291
Unit Cell V:
229.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Anhedral grains to 3mm
Comment:
Synthetic

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Meteorite

Type Occurrence of BrezinaiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Occurs in iron meteorite as tiny (5-80 micron) anhedral grains in metal matrix & contiguous to silicate inclusions.

Synonyms of BrezinaiteHide

Other Language Names for BrezinaiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Brezinaite associated with TroiliteFeS
5 photos of Brezinaite associated with Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
4 photos of Brezinaite associated with Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.DA.05GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.DA.05PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.DA.05TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
2.DA.10ToyohaiteAg1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet.
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.20InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.10.2.1WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
2.10.2.3Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.8.2CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.8.3KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.8.4DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.8.5Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
3.8.6MolybdeniteMoS2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.8.7 Molybdenite-3RMoS2Trig. 3m : R3m
3.8.8JordisiteMoS2Amor.
3.8.9DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.8.10TungsteniteWS2Trig. 3m : R3m
3.8.12AlabanditeMnSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.8.13HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.8.14Manganoshadlunite(Mn,Pb,Cd)(Cu,Fe)8S8

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
None.

References for BrezinaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bunch, T.E. and Fuchs, L.H. (1969) A new mineral: brezinaite, Cr3S4, and the Tucson meteorite. American Mineralogist, 54, 1509–1518.
Jellinek, F. (1957): The structures of the chromium sulphides. Acta Crystallographica 10, 620-628.

Internet Links for BrezinaiteHide

Localities for BrezinaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Woodlands Station
Mittlefehldt, D. W., McCoy, T. J., Goodrich, C. A. & Kracher, A. (1998) Non-chondritic meteorites from Asteroidal bodies. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 4, 195 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA.
Mexico
 
  • Oaxaca
    • Santo Domingo de Yanhuitlan Municipality
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Namibia
 
  • Hardap Region
    • Gibeon
Petaev, M. I. (1997, March). Cr-bearing Minerals in the Gibeon IVA Iron: Indicators of Sulfur and Oxygen Fugacities in the Parent Body. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 28, p. 1091).
Russia
 
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Paseka
Pavel M. Kartashov data
USA (TL)
 
  • Arizona
    • Pima Co.
      • Greaterville Mining District
        • Box Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145.; t: Bunch, T.E. and L.H. Fuchs (1969) A new mineral: brezinaite, Cr3S4, and the Tucson meteorite. Amer. Mineral., 54, 1509–1518.
  • Georgia
    • Walton Co.
Isa, J., Ma, C., & Rubin, A. E. (2016, March). Joegoldsteinite: A New Sulfide Mineral (MnCr2S4) from the IVA Iron Meteorite, Social Circle. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 47, p. 1813).
  • Kansas
    • Norton Co.
Shkurenko, K. O.; Semenenko, V. P.; Gorovenko, T. M.; Slyvinsky, V. M. (2011). Fine Morphological Features of Mineral Grains in the Norton County Aubrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46, Supplement, A212.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Somerset Co.
      • New Baltimore
Handbook of Mineralogy
 
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