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Kalininite

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Formula:
ZnCr2S4
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
4.045 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named by L.Z. Reznickij, E.V. Skl'arov, Z.F. Ustschapovskaya in 1985 in honor of Pavel Vasil’evich Kalinin (Павла Васильевича Калинина) (1905–1981), Russian mineralogist and petrologist, Moscow Geological Exploration Institute, investigator of the southern Baikal region.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of KalininiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1985
2/D.01-110
2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
2.10.1.13

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
3.8.3

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
8 : Sulphides etc. of Cr, Mo, W an Mn

Physical Properties of KalininiteHide

Adamantine
Colour:
Black
Comment:
Sometimes is tarnished
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN50=468 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Density:
4.045 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KalininiteHide

Type:
Isotropic
Reflectivity:
440nmR=34.4%
460nmR=35.2%
480nmR=35.3%
500nmR=35.4%
520nmR=35.4%
540nmR=35.2%
560nmR=35.3%
580nmR=35.2%
600nmR=34.8%
620nmR=34.1%
640nmR=33.8%
660nmR=32.7%
680nmR=32.5%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 35.4%.
Colour in reflected light:
light creamy
Internal Reflections:
None

Chemical Properties of KalininiteHide

Formula:
ZnCr2S4
Common Impurities:
Cu,V,Sb

Crystallography of KalininiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Setting:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.997(1) Å
Unit Cell V:
999.10 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8

Type Occurrence of KalininiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Irregular, soft, slag-like aggregates up to 0.5mm
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mining Institute, St. Petersburg, 1098/1; A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 88049.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In diopside-quartz-calcite rocks
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Reznickij, L.Z., Skl'arov, E.V., Ustschapovskaya, Z.F. (1985) Kalininite ZnCr2S4 - a new natural sulphospinel. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 622-627. (in Russian)

Synonyms of KalininiteHide

Other Language Names for KalininiteHide

Relationship of Kalininite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
JoegoldsteiniteMnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso.
PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8Iso. 4 3m
ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.DA.05GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.DA.05PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.DA.05TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
2.DA.10ToyohaiteAg1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet.
2.DA.15BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.20InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.10.1.1LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso.
2.10.1.2CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.3FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.4TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.5BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.6SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.7PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
2.10.1.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
2.10.1.9TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.10.1.10GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.11DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.12InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.14Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.10.1.15Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.16Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.17MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.10.1.20CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.8.1BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
3.8.2CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.8.4DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.8.5Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
3.8.6MolybdeniteMoS2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.8.7 Molybdenite-3RMoS2Trig. 3m : R3m
3.8.8JordisiteMoS2Amor.
3.8.9DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.8.10TungsteniteWS2Trig. 3m : R3m
3.8.12AlabanditeMnSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.8.13HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.8.14Manganoshadlunite(Mn,Pb,Cd)(Cu,Fe)8S8

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Strongly magnetic.
Insoluble in HCl.
Poorly wets in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KalininiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Reznickij, L.Z., Skl'arov, E.V., Ustschapovskaya, Z.F. (1985) Kalininite ZnCr2S4 - a new natural sulphospinel. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 622-627. (in Russian)
Hawthorne, F.C., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J, Grew, E.S., Langley, R.H., Puciewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A. (1987) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 72: 222-230.

Internet Links for KalininiteHide

Localities for KalininiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Russia (TL)
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Lake Baikal area
      • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
ZVMO,(1985) 114, 622-627; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Kamchatka Krai
Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Karpinsk
Sharygin, V. V., & Ivanov, O. K. (2014) Cr-rich “tiooxyspinel” mineral from Kosva dunite massif, Middle Urals: possible link between spinel-and tiospinel-group minerals. 30th International Conference on “Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism”29 September – 02 October 2014 Antalya TURKEY
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Baunt District
Meteoritical Bulletin Database; Sharygin, V. V. Phase CuCrS Meteorite 2 in Uakit Iron (IIAB), Buryatia, Russia: Preliminary Data. In Minerals: Structure, Properties, Methods of Investigation: 9th Geoscience Conference for Young Scientists, Ekaterinburg, Russia, February 5–8, 2018 (p. 229). Springer.
 
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