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Redington Mine (Boston Mine; Knoxville Mine; Excellsior Mine), Knoxville, Knoxville Mining District, Napa Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Redington Mine (Boston Mine; Knoxville Mine; Excellsior Mine)Mine
Knoxville- not defined -
Knoxville Mining DistrictMining District
Napa Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 49' 31'' North , 122° 20' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Guinda254 (2011)12.6km
Hidden Valley Lake5,579 (2011)19.1km
Middletown1,323 (2011)25.3km
Lower Lake1,294 (2011)25.3km
Clearlake15,182 (2017)28.9km


A former Hg mine located in secs. 6 & 7, T11N, R4W, MDM, 0.3 km (900 feet) S of Knoxville, close to the Lake County line.

NOTE: Dana 6: 63 places this mine in Lake Co., which is in error.

Mineralization is a Hg deposit which lies on the Knoxville Fault at a contact of serpentine, shale and sandstone in the lower part of the Great Valley sequence.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Aragotite'
Formula: (C,H)
Reference: Durand, F.E. (1873), Description of a new mineral from the New Almaden mine: California Academy of Science Proceedings: 4: 218; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 289; Hanks, Henry Garber (1905), Notes on “aragotite,” a rare California mineral: Royal Micr. Soc. Jour., 1905: 673-676; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 83.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Colour: Bright red
Description: Occurs as small crystals.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903a), Palacheite: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 3: 231; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903b), Note on the identity of palacheite and botryogen: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 16: 379-380; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 275.
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Colour: White
Description: Coatings on metacinnabar.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 119; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 197.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Dana 6: 1096.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Description: Discontinuous veins and irregular masses in or near black silica-carbonate rock. Occurrence includes pseudomorphs after baryte.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 614; Durand, F.E. (1873), Note on crystals of quartz of a red color by the interposition of cinnabar: California Academy of Science Proceedings: 4: 211; Rogers, Austin Flint (1931b), Castanite, a basic ferric sulphate from Knoxville, California: American Mineralogist: 16: 397; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 118, 273.; USBM IC8252; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903a), Palacheite: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 3: 231; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903b), Note on the identity of palacheite and botryogen: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 16: 379-380; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 112.
Copiapite var: Knoxvillite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 626.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Colour: Yellowish green
Description: Occurs as large masses of granular material.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 533; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1901), Mineralogical notes; with chemical analyses by W.T. Schaller: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 2: 322; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 273; www.mineralsocal.org
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Colour: White
Description: Long fibers to 1 foot (0.3 meter) long in old mine tunnels.
Reference: Dana 6: 1096; Friedrich, James J. (1888), Stalactitic melanterite and other minerals from California: New York Academy of Science Transactions: 8: 22; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 389; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903a), Palacheite: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 3: 231-236; Kramm, H.E. (1910), Serpentines of the central Coast Ranges of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 49: 345; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 266.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Description: Also occurs with additional, unspecified sulphates.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 616; Rogers, Austin Flint (1931b), Castanite, a basic ferric sulphate from Knoxville, California: American Mineralogist: 16: 397; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 273.
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Description: Occurs in brecciated opalite.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 614; Rogers, Austin Flint (1931b), Castanite, a basic ferric sulphate from Knoxville, California: American Mineralogist: 16: 396; Bandy, Mark C. (1932), Castanite from Chuquicamata, Chile: American Mineralogist: 17: 534-537; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 273.
Idrialite
Formula: C22H14
Reference: Averitt, Paul (1945), Quicksilver deposits of the Knoxville district, Napa, Yolo, and Lake Counties, California: California Journal of Mines & Geology, California Division Mines (Report 42): 42: 78; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Whitmore, D.R.E., et al (1946), Chrome micas: American Mineralogist: 31: 21; Melville, William Harlow & Waldemar Lindgren (1890), Contributions to the mineralogy of the Pacific coast: USGS Bulletin 61, 40pp.: 24; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 156, 247; www.mineralsocal.org
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Dana 6: 1096.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dana 6: 63; Ransome, Alfred Leslie & J.L. Kellogg (1939), Quicksilver resources of California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 35): 35: 410; Averitt, Paul (1945), Quicksilver deposits of the Knoxville district, Napa, Yolo, and Lake Counties, California: California Journal of Mines & Geology, California Division Mines (Report 42): 42: 88; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 74.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Colour: Pale green
Description: Occurs as long stalactites - abundant.
Reference: Kramm, H.E. (1910), Serpentines of the central Coast Ranges of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 49: 345; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 271; www.mineralsocal.org
Metacinnabar (TL)
Formula: HgS
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in large amounts in the upper part of the mine.
Reference: Durand, F.E. (1873), Notes on the crystallization of metacinnabarite: California Academy of Science Proceedings: 4: 219-220; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 261; Ransome, Alfred Leslie & J.L. Kellogg (1939), Quicksilver resources of California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 35): 35: 410; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 254-255, 262; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 118.; USBM IC8252; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 267.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rogers, Austin Flint (1931b), Castanite, a basic ferric sulphate from Knoxville, California: American Mineralogist: 16: 397; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 273.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 304.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Red
Description: Occurrence includes pseudomorphs after baryte. These are red due to included cinnabar.
Reference: Dana 6: 63; Durand, F.E. (1873), Note on crystals of quartz of a red color by the interposition of cinnabar: California Academy of Science Proceedings: 4: 211; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 97, 314.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Redingtonite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
Type Locality:
Colour: Pale purple (lilac)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 529; Mineralogical Record (1971): 2: 152; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 486; Melville, William Harlow & Waldemar Lindgren (1890), Contributions to the mineralogy of the Pacific coast: USGS Bulletin 61, 40pp.: 23; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 264.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Description: Fibrous bands.
Reference: Bradley, W.W. (1918), Quicksilver resources of California, with a section on metallurgy and ore dressing: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 78, 389 pp.: 86; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 130; www.mineralsocal.org
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 614; Rogers, Austin Flint (1931b), Castanite, a basic ferric sulphate from Knoxville, California: American Mineralogist: 16: 397; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 186.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Habit: Isometric
Colour: Black
Reference: Melville, William Harlow & Waldemar Lindgren (1890), Contributions to the mineralogy of the Pacific coast: USGS Bulletin 61, 40pp.: 23; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar (TL)2.CB.05aHgS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Calomel3.AA.30(Hg2)2+Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Botryogen7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
var: Knoxvillite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Hohmannite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Redingtonite (TL)7.CB.85(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Idrialite10.BA.20C22H14
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aragotite'-(C,H)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Metacinnabar (TL)2.8.2.3HgS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Calomel9.1.8.1(Hg2)2+Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Redingtonite (TL)29.7.3.6(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Hohmannite31.9.4.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Hydrocarbons
Idrialite50.3.10. C22H14
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Aragotite'-(C,H)
Copiapite
var: Knoxvillite
-Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
H Copiapite (var: Knoxvillite)Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Aragotite(C,H)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H IdrialiteC22H14
CCarbon
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Aragotite(C,H)
C IdrialiteC22H14
OOxygen
O Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
O Copiapite (var: Knoxvillite)Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
NaSodium
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
AlAluminium
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S MetacinnabarHgS
S Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S Copiapite (var: Knoxvillite)Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
S SulphurS8
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ClChlorine
Cl Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
KPotassium
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CrChromium
Cr Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
Fe Copiapite (var: Knoxvillite)Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
HgMercury
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Durand, F.E. (1873), Note on crystals of quartz of a red color by the interposition of cinnabar: California Academy of Science Proceedings: 4: 211.
Durand, F.E. (1873), Description of a new mineral from the New Almaden mine: California Academy of Science Proceedings: 4: 218.
Durand, F.E. (1873), Notes on the crystallization of metacinnabarite: California Academy of Science Proceedings: 4: 219-220.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 261, 289.
Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 274, 285-289, 389, 486.
Friedrich, James J. (1888), Stalactitic melanterite and other minerals from California: New York Academy of Science Transactions: 8: 22.
Melville, William Harlow & Waldemar Lindgren (1890), Contributions to the mineralogy of the Pacific coast: USGS Bulletin 61, 40pp.: 23, 24.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 63, 966, 1096.
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1901), Mineralogical notes; with chemical analyses by W.T. Schaller: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 2: 322.
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903a), Palacheite: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 3: 231-236.
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903b), Note on the identity of palacheite and botryogen: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 16: 379-380.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1905), Notes on “aragotite,” a rare California mineral: Royal Micr. Soc. Jour., 1905: 673-676.
Kramm, H.E. (1910), Serpentines of the central Coast Ranges of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 49: 315-349; […(abstract): Science, new series: 32: 31 (1910); …Geological Society of America Bulletin: 21: 793 (1910)]: 345.
Bradley, W.W. (1918), Quicksilver resources of California, with a section on metallurgy and ore dressing: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 78, 389 pp.: 86.
Rogers, Austin Flint (1931b), Castanite, a basic ferric sulphate from Knoxville, California: American Mineralogist: 16: 396-404.
Bandy, Mark C. (1932), Castanite from Chuquicamata, Chile: American Mineralogist: 17: 534-537.
Ransome, Alfred Leslie & J.L. Kellogg (1939), Quicksilver resources of California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 35): 35: 410.
Averitt, Paul (1945), Quicksilver deposits of the Knoxville district, Napa, Yolo, and Lake Counties, California: California Journal of Mines & Geology, California Division Mines (Report 42): 42: 78-81, 88.
Whitmore, D.R.E., et al (1946), Chrome micas: American Mineralogist: 31: 21.
Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 216, 465, 529, 614, 618.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 83, 97, 112, 119, 149, 156, 159, 165, 178, 186, 220, 247, 254-255, 258, 262, 267, 304, 314, 350, 382.
Gamble, G.F. (1982), Present owner of the Knoxville Mine (oral communications)
Guinivere, R. (1982), VP, Engineering, Homestake Mining Co., San Francisco, California (Oral communications) [ to whom ??]
Homestake Mining Company and D'Appoloria (1982), McLaughlin project - Proposed Gold Mine and Mineral Extraction Facility: Project Description and Environmental Assessment: 3-19.
Vredenburgh,L.M. (1982), Tertiary Gold-bearing Mercury Deposits of the Coast Ranges of California: California Geology: 35(2): 23.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 74, 118, 130, 197, 264, 266, 271, 273, 275, 278,
Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd. edition: 134.

External Links

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