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Beryllium Virgin claim, Paramount Canyon, Sierra Co., New Mexico, USAi
Regional Level Types
Beryllium Virgin claimClaim
Paramount CanyonCanyon
Sierra Co.County
New MexicoState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 25' 35'' North , 107° 57' 44'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


The site is located about 400 yards south of NM State Rt. 59 about four miles west of Boiler Peak. There is a gravel storage area adjacent to the road where one can park. Bixbyite, pseudobrookite, and cassiterite can be found in cavity (lithophyseal) fillings and wood tin veins that crop out in the steep slopes leading to the bottom of the canyon.

Mineralization is hosted in the Taylor Creek Rhyolite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: http://www.agmc.info/nm_mineral_locations.htm#Paramount%20Canyon,%20Sierra%20Co.,%20New%20Mexico
Beryl var: Red Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: http://www.agmc.info/nm_mineral_locations.htm#Paramount%20Canyon,%20Sierra%20Co.,%20New%20Mexico
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Min Rec 16:2 p145
'Brabantite' ?
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Min Rec 20:1 pp54-55
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
'Chernovite-(Ce)'
Formula: (Ce,Y)(AsO4)
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Jerry Cone Collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Min Rec 20:1 pp54-55
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Min Rec 22:5 p384
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(1): 54-55; W. Stoll collection.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(1): 54-55; http://www.simkevmicromounts.com/images/USAPhotos/USAMineralPhotoPages/Ilmenite_PPUSA_427.html
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Min Rec 16:2 p145
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Min Rec 16:2 p137; New Mexico rocks & minerals: the collecting guide (including maps) By Frank S. Kimbler, Robert J. Narsavage
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Min Rec 20:1 pp54-55
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20(1): 54-55.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 20:1 pp54-55
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Wakefieldite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y(VO4)
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Wakefieldite-(Y) ?8.AD.35Y(VO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Red Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Brabantite' ?-CaTh(PO4)2
'Chernovite-(Ce)'-(Ce,Y)(AsO4)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
'Brabantite' ?38.4.3.4CaTh(PO4)2
Chernovite-(Y)38.4.11.2Y(AsO4)
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Wakefieldite-(Y) ?38.4.11.3Y(VO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Beryl
var: Red Beryl
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Chernovite-(Ce)'-(Ce,Y)(AsO4)
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Red Beryl)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
OOxygen
O Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
O Chernovite-(Ce)(Ce,Y)(AsO4)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O TridymiteSiO2
O Beryl (var: Red Beryl)Be3Al2Si6O18
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O RutileTiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O BrabantiteCaTh(PO4)2
O Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Red Beryl)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Beryl (var: Red Beryl)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
PPhosphorus
P BrabantiteCaTh(PO4)2
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca BrabantiteCaTh(PO4)2
TiTitanium
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)
MnManganese
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
FeIron
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
AsArsenic
As Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
As Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
As Chernovite-(Ce)(Ce,Y)(AsO4)
YYttrium
Y Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
Y Chernovite-(Ce)(Ce,Y)(AsO4)
Y Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CeCerium
Ce Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Chernovite-(Ce)(Ce,Y)(AsO4)
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th BrabantiteCaTh(PO4)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Fries, Carl, Jr. (1940) Tin Deposits of the Black Range, Catron and Sierra Counties New Mexico, A preliminary report, USGS Bulletin 922-M.
Fries, Carl, Jr., Schaller, W.T., and Glass, J.J. (1942) Bixbyite and pseudobrookite from the tin-bearing rhyolite of the Black Range, New Mexico. American Mineralogist 27: 305-322.
Lufkin, John Laidley (1972) Tin Mineralization within Rhyolite Flow Domes, Black Range, New Mexico, Ph.D. thesis, Stamford University. New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources Open File Report 57.
Lufkin, J.L. (1976) Oxide minerals in miarolitic rhyolite, Black Range, New Mexico. American Mineralogist 61: 425-430.
Kimbler, Frank S. and Narsavage, Robert J., Jr. (1981) New Mexico Rocks & Minerals: the collecting guide (including maps), Sunstone Press, Santa Fe, New Mexico. (ISBN 10: 0913270970 ISBN 13: 9780913270974)
Mineralogical Record (1985) 16(2): 137-145.
Mineralogical Record (1989) 20(1): 54-55.
Mineralogical Record (1991) 22(5): 384.

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