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Mt Calvario, Biancavilla, Etna Volcanic Complex, Metropolitan City of Catania, Sicily, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Mt CalvarioMountain
Biancavilla- not defined -
Etna Volcanic ComplexComplex
Metropolitan City of CataniaMetropolitan City
SicilyAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° 38' 27'' North , 14° 52' 32'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Biancavilla23,188 (2014)0.9km
Santa Maria di Licodia6,810 (2014)3.1km
Adrano34,446 (2015)4.5km
Prato Fiorito208 (2014)5.8km
Ragalna3,302 (2014)6.3km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Monte Calvario, Biancavilla, Complesso Vulcanico dell'Etna, Catania, Sicilia, Italia


The minerals were discovered in metasomatised benmoreites.
Today collecting is forbidden and the quarry is closed.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'
Description: Enstatite-ferrosilite series in this locality was previously called 'hyperstene' which was discredited after the publications listed below but it is corrected to recognize in it a member of enstatite-ferrosilite series. - Preite, D. (1982): I minerali etnei di Biancavilla (CT). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 6(4), 112-114. - Preite, D. (1985): Note di mineralogia italiana: augite e flogopite di Biancavilla (CT). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 9(4), 144. - Preite, D. (1985): Die Fundstelle Biancavilla am Ätna, Italien. Lapis, 10(3), 23. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Reference: - Preite, D. (1982): I minerali etnei di Biancavilla (CT). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 6(4), 112-114. - Preite, D. (1985): Note di mineralogia italiana: augite e flogopite di Biancavilla (CT). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 9(4), 144. - Preite, D. (1985): Die Fundstelle Biancavilla am Ätna, Italien. Lapis, 10(3), 23. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Fayalite ?
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Di Franco, S. (1942): Mineralogia Etnea. Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, Serie IV, 5, 175 pp.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Fluoro-edenite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Type Locality:
Habit: Prismatic Acicular Asbestos-like
Colour: Bright yellow
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Fluorophlogopite (TL)
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Antonio Gianfagna, Fernando Scordari, Simona Mazziotti-Tagliani, Gennaro Ventruti, and Luisa Ottolini (2007) Fluorophlogopite from Biancavilla (Mt. Etna, Sicily, Italy): Crystal structure and crystal chemistry of a new F-dominant analog of phlogopite. American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1601–1609. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Goethite ?
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Hiortdahlite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Reference: Di Franco, S. (1942): Mineralogia Etnea. Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, Serie IV, 5, 175 pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. Preite, D. (1982): I minerali etnei di Biancavilla (CT). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 6(4), 112-114. Preite, D. (1985): Note di mineralogia italiana: augite e flogopite di Biancavilla (CT). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 9(4), 144. Preite, D. (1985): Die Fundstelle Biancavilla am Ätna, Italien. Lapis, 10(3), 23.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Preite D. : I minerali etnei di Biancavilla (CT)- Rivista Mineralogica Italiana - Fasc.4 - 1982 - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Yuanfuliite
Formula: Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Reference: Ciriotti M.E., Cámara F., Grew E., Sicurella G., Cadoni M., Bittarello E. (2016): Primo ritrovamento di boroferrite italiana: yuanfuliite di Biancavilla. Micro, 14, 2 (2-2016), 85-96.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Preite, D. (1982): I minerali etnei di Biancavilla (CT). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 6(4), 112-114 - - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite ?4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite ?4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Quartz ?4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 6 - Borates
Yuanfuliite6.AB.20Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Fayalite ?9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Fluoro-edenite (TL)9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite (TL)9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Hiortdahlite ?9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite ?6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite ?7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Yuanfuliite24.2.2.2Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite ?51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Hiortdahlite ?56.2.4.7(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz ?75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluoro-edenite (TL)-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite (TL)-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
BBoron
B YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
OOxygen
O Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TridymiteSiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
O Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
NaSodium
Na Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
MgMagnesium
Mg Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
AlAluminium
Al Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
SiSilicon
Si Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
KPotassium
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
TiTitanium
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
MnManganese
Mn Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
FeIron
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Fe Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
von Lasaulx A. (1879): Mineralogische Notizen: Szaboit von Biancavilla (Etna). Z. Krist. Miner., 3, 288.
Di Franc, S. (1942): Mineralogia Etnea. Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, Serie IV, 5, 175 pp.
Preite D. (1982): I minerali etnei di Biancavilla (CT). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 6, 4 (4-1982), 112-114.
Preite D. (1985): Note di mineralogia italiana: augite e flogopite di Biancavilla (CT). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 9, 4 (4-1985), 144.
Preite D. (1985): Die Fundstelle Biancavilla am Ätna, Italien. Lapis, 10, 3, 23.
Gianfagna A., Oberti R. (2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. Am. Mineral., 86, 1489-1493.
Gianfagna, A. (2006): Fluorophlogopite from Biancavilla (Mt Etna, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new F-dominant analogue of phlogopite. International Mineralogical Association 19th General Meeting, Kobe, Japan, July 23-28, 2006; Conference Abstract Volume.
Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Ciriotti M.E., Cámara F., Grew E., Sicurella G., Cadoni M., Bittarello E. (2016): Primo ritrovamento di boroferrite italiana: yuanfuliite di Biancavilla. Micro, 14, 2 (2-2016), 85-96.

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