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Blauwald Mines, St Barbara, Wallerfangen, Saarlouis, Saarland, Germany

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Name(s) in local language(s): Gruben im Blauwald, St Barbara, Wallerfangen, Saarlouis, Saarland, Deutschland
Copper ores and impregnations in sandstones, worked from several adits and open cuts until 1965. Hundreds of shafts are also known.
Located in the 'Blauwald' area near St Barbara, 2.5 km west of Wallerfangen and about 6 km west of Saarlouis.

The mines were worked by the Romans to extract azurite for preparing the blue pigment "Egyptian Blue" (Körlin, 2010). Mining activities took also place later in Medieval times and up to the 18th century.
The whole area was investigated by archaeological excavations.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

16 entries listed. 14 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


- G. Müller (1967): Zur Bergbautechnik des historischen Bergbaus bei Wallerfangen/Saar. Der Aufschluss 9, 256-272.
- S. Weiß (1990): "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich).
- Weisgerber, G. & Sprave, O. (2000): Neue Ausgrabungen in den römischen Bergwerken von St. Barbara, Gemeinde Wallerfangen/Saar. Fischbacher Hefte zur Geschichte des Berg- und Hüttenwesens 6, Heft 1, 38-47.
- Körlin, G. (2010): Luxusgut Blau - Römischer Azuritbergbau in Wallerfangen. Der Anschnitt 62, 174-189.

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