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Antlerite

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About AntleriteHide

Formula:
Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Colour:
Emerald-green to blackish-green, also light green.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.88
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1889 by William F. Hillebrand after the type locality at the Antler Mine, Mohave Co., Arizona, USA.
A secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zone of copper deposits in arid regions.
Less common than the related and sometimes visually similar brochantite with which it may be confused.

Metastable at ambient temperature with respect to brochantite; appears to form at usually higher temperatures (60-80°C) (Yoder et al., 2007).


Classification of AntleriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.BB.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
Dana 7th ed.:
30.1.12.1
30.1.12.1

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
25.2.6

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag

Pronounciation of AntleriteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of AntleriteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Emerald-green to blackish-green, also light green.
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}, poor on {100}.
Density:
3.88 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.93 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AntleriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.726 nβ = 1.738 nγ = 1.789
2V:
Measured: 53° , Calculated: 54°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.063
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
very strong r < v
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = b = Yellow-green
Y = a = Blue-green
Z = c = Green

Chemical Properties of AntleriteHide

Formula:
Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
IMA Formula:
Cu2+3(SO4)(OH)4

Crystallography of AntleriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.244(2) Å, b = 11.987(3) Å, c = 6.043(1) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.688 : 1 : 0.504
Unit Cell V:
597.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals commonly thick tabular {010}; also equant or short prismatic [001]. Also as cross-fiber veinlets or friable interlaced aggregates of acicular or fibrous crystals; felt-like; granular.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of AntleriteHide

Synonyms of AntleriteHide

Other Language Names for AntleriteHide

Varieties of AntleriteHide

VernadskiteInitially considered as a new mineral, but later shown to be a pseudomorph of Antlerite after Dolerophanite.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
12 photos of Antlerite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
11 photos of Antlerite associated with CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
7 photos of Antlerite associated with GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
5 photos of Antlerite associated with CupriteCu2O
5 photos of Antlerite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
4 photos of Antlerite associated with Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
4 photos of Antlerite associated with MarshiteCuI
4 photos of Antlerite associated with ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
4 photos of Antlerite associated with BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
4 photos of Antlerite associated with SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BB.05CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2OTet.
7.BB.10HauckiteFe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
7.BB.20DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BB.25BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.BB.30VergasovaiteCu3(SO4)(MoO4,SO4)OOrth.
7.BB.35KlebelsbergiteSb4O4(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mm2
7.BB.40SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
7.BB.45ParaotwayiteNi(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5xMon.
7.BB.50XocomecatliteCu3(TeO4)(OH)4Orth.
7.BB.55Pauflerite(V4+O)SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BB.60GrandviewiteCu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29Mon. 2 : P2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.2BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.13PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3OMon.
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
25.2.21WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in dilute H2SO4.

Pseudomorphs of cuprite after fibrous antlerite have been observed.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AntleriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Weisbach (1886) Jahrbuch für das Berg- und Hüttenwesen im Königreiche Sachsen, Abhandlungen: 86. [as Arnimite]
Hillebrand, W.F. (1889) Mineralogical Notes. 6. A basic cupric sulphate. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey: 55: 48-55.
Arzruni, A., Thaddéeff (1899) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 31: 232. [as Stelznerit]
Ungemach (1924) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 47: 124.
Audrieth, L.F., Martens, J.H.C. (1925) Antlerite from Chuquicamata, Chile. American Mineralogist: 10: 161-162.
Buttgenbach (1926) Société géologique de Belgique, Liége, Bulletin: 49: 164. [as Heterobrochantite]
Hintze, C. (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 4224.
Posnjak, E., Tunell, G. (1929) The system cupric oxide-sulphur trioxide-water. American Journal of Science, Series 5: 18: 1-34.
Binder (1936) Definition des sulfates basiques de cuivre. Annales de chimie: 5(11): 337.
Guillot, Geneslay (1937) Bull. soc. chim.: 4: 125 (artif. material).
Palache, C. (1939) Antlerite. American Mineralogist: 24: 293-299.
Jarrell, O.W. (1944) Oxidation at Chuquicamata, Chile. Economic Geology: 39: 251.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 544-546.
Mrose, M.E. (1961) Vernadskite discredited: pseudomorphs of antlerite after dolerophanite. American Mineralogist: 46: 146-154.
Finney, J.J., Araki, T. (1963) Refinement of the crystal structure of antlerite. Nature: 197: 70.
Hawthorne, F.C., Groat, L.A., Eby, R.K. (1989) Antlerite, Cu3SO4(OH)4, a heteropolyhedral wallpaper structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 205-209.
Frost, R.L. (2003) Raman spectroscopy of selected copper minerals of significance in corrosion. Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy: 59: 1195-1204.
Vilminot, S., Richard-Plouet, M., Andre, G., Swierczynski, D., Guillot, M., Bouree-Vigneron, F., Drillon, M. (2003) Magnetic structure and properties of Cu3(OH)4SO4 made of triple chains of spins s=1/2. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 170: 255-264.
Frost, R.L., Williams, P.A., Martens, W., Leverett, P., Kloprogge, J.T. (2004) Raman spectroscopy of basic copper (II) and some complex copper (II) sulfate minerals: Implications for hydrogen bonding. American Mineralogist: 89: 1130-1137.
Lane, M.D. (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals. American Mineralogist: 92: 1-18.
Yoder, C.H., Agee, T.M., Ginion, K.E., Hofmann, A.E., Ewanichak, J.E., Schaeffer, C.D., Jr., Carroll, M.J., Schaeffer, R.W., McCaffrey, P.F. (2007) The relative stabilities of the copper hydroxyl sulphates. Mineralogical Magazine: 71: 571-577.
Huang, L., Qui, D., Zhao, B. (2012) Crystal structure of catena-(μ2-hydroxo)-tris(μ3-hydroxo)-(μ6-sulfato)-tricopper(II), Cu3H4O8S. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - New Crystal Structures: 227: 435-436. [= Antlerite (unrecognised by authors)]
Die metallenen Grabplatten im Kreuzgang des Erfurter Doms: Bestandsaufnahme und Erarbeitung eines präventiven Konservierungskonzeptes (https://www.uni-bamberg.de/restwiss/forschung/interdisziplinaere-forschung/dom-erfurt-grabplatten/)

Internet Links for AntleriteHide

Localities for AntleriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • Palmer Land
Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
  • Córdoba Province
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
Dina, H. (1993). Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 277-282.
  • Río Negro Province
    • Valcheta department
      • Valcheta
Dill, H.G., Garrido, M.M., Melcher, F., Gomez, M.C., Weber, B., Luna, L.I., Bahr, A. (2013): Sulfidic and non-sulfidic indium mineralization of the epithermal Au-Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag deposit San Roque (Provincia Rio Negro, SE Argentina) – with special reference to the “indium window” in zinc sulfide. Ore Geology Reviews, 51, 103-128.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Murchison Co.
      • Upper Bingara
        • Gulf Creek
Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
[UKJMM 19:28]
  • Northern Territory
    • Victoria-Daly Region
      • Grove Hill
No reference listed
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Munro-Smith, V., Leverett, P., Sciberras, M. J., Sharpe, J. L., Williams, P. A. and Melchiorre, E. B. (2015): Copper and cobalt mineralization from the Desolation prospect, Mount Isa Block, Queensland. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17, 83-87.
      • Duchess
John Sobolewski collection
costas constantinides, collector
      • Kuridala
Jon Mommers collection. Costas Constantinides disputed location
      • Rosebud Station
Per Vic Cloete.
    • Mareeba Shire
Harris, D.L., Lottermoser, B.G., Duchesne, J. (2003) Ephemeral acid mine drainage at the Montalbion silver mine, north Queensland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50(5), 797-809.
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Callington
Joel Dyer Collection
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
      • Scamander district
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.; - Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
Bottrill & Baker, 2008; Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
    • Northampton Shire
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 18 (1), pp 35, June 2017
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 18 (1), pp 39, June 2017
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
Moolooite, a Naturally Occurring Hydrated Copper Oxalate; R.M. Clarke and I.R. Williams; Mineralogical Magazine, June 1986, Vol 50, pp 295-298
Clarke, R.M., Williams, I.R. (1986) Moolooite, a naturally occurring hydrated copper oxalate from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (June 1986) Vol.50, pp295-298.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
Kolitsch, U. (2009)
Kolitsch, U. (2009): 1570) Antlerit und Schulenbergit von der Äußeren Wimitz, St. Veit an der Glan, Gurktaler Alpen, Kärnten. Pp. 192 in Niedermayr et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199./119., 189-236.
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Villach-Land District
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
A.Pichler (2003)
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Griffen
        • Saualpe
          • Lading
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Neunkirchen District
      • Reichenau an der Rax
        • Edlach an der Rax
          • Höllen valley
Kolitsch, U., Auer, C. & Fink, R. (2014): 1891) Antlerit, Azurit, Brochantit, Calcit, Connellit, Covellin, Cuprit, Gips, Jarosit, Langit, Limonit, Malachit und die unbenannte Cu-Si-S-O-H-Phase aus den bronzezeitlichen Kupferschlacken von Kaiserbrunn im Höllental, Reichenau an der Rax, Niederösterreich. Pp. 126-127 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo mining district
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Neukirchen am Großvenediger
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1869) Antlerit vom Bergbau Hochfeld im Untersulzbachtal, Salzburg. P. 107 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
      • Rauris
        • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
          • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
      • Uttendorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Sankt Barbara im Mürztal
        • Veitsch
          • Sattlerkogel
Taucher, J. (1992); Exel, R. (1993); Gerald Gesselbauer (06.2010)
    • Leibnitz District
      • Wildon
        • Weitendorf
Postl, W., Taucher, J. & Moser, B. (1996): Neue Mineralfunde im oststeirischen Vulkangebiet. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 60/61, 3-76.
    • Leoben District
      • Mautern in Steiermark
peter neschen collection
    • Liezen District
      • Admont
        • Johnsbach
          • Severinggraben
POSTL, W. & WALTER, F. (1983): 544. Antlerit-xx und Baryt-xx aus der Kupferschlacke Severinggraben, Johnsbach, Steiermark. P. 355 in NIEDERMAYR, G., W. POSTL & F. WALTER (1983): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXII. Carinthia II, 173./93.: 339-362.; Postl, W. & Moser, B. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen aus der Steiermark. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 56, 5-47.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
Schebesta, K. (1992): Schlackenminerale aus der Walchen bei Öblarn. Lapis 17 (2), 19-30; 50.
      • Rottenmann
        • Bärndorf
          • Prenterwinkelgraben (Bärndorfer Graben)
Kolitsch, U. (2018): 2098) Antlerit, Brochantit, Chalkanthit, Connellit, Cuprit, Gips, Kupfer, Malachit und Rouait aus einer Schlackenhalde bei Bärndorf, Rottenmann, Paltental, Steiermark. Pp. 241-242 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
    • Murtal District
      • Weißkirchen in Steiermark
        • Feistritz
Postl, W. (1977): Die Sekundärmineralparagenese vom Arsenkiesgang im Kothgraben, Stubalpe (Steiermark). Mitteilungsblatt, Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, 45, 34-37.
Postl (1977)
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
        • Gratlspitz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Rafael Bustillo
      • Llallagua
Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Bulgaria
 
  • Pazardzhik Province
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Panagyurishte
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
  • Plovdiv Province
    • Plovdiv
Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Buchans
Sabina (2003) 94.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 94-97.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
Schindler, M., Mantha, N., Kyser, K. T., Murayama, M., & Hochella Jr, M. F. (2012). Shining light on black rock coatings in smelter-impacted areas. Geoscience Canada, 39(3).
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Val d'Or
SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 193.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Can. Museum of Nature & Horváth collections - XRD
  • Saskatchewan
    • Amisk Lake District
Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks & minerals for the collector: La Ronge - Creighton, Saskatchewan, Flin Flon, Thompson, Manitoba. GSC paper 71-27, 65.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Baquedano
        • Sierra Valenzuela
samples of Antlerite were analysed by dr. Anthony Kampf, senior curator of LAC Mineral Museum
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Rojas-Pardo, A., Campos, E., Díaz Viera, M., Vega, D., & Bembow, M. S. (2012, March). A Methodological Proposal for Modeling Copper Wad Distribution in the Lomas Bayas Ore Deposit, Northern Chile. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 44, No. 3, p. 71).
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
samples analysed by Jochen Schluter, Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
Pieczonka, J., Piestrzyński, A., & Zygo, W. (2017). Złoże Cu-Mo Sierra Gorda, północne Chile. Biuletyn Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego.
        • Caracoles
Reiner Mielke
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 546, 1095.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Escondida
        • La Escondida Mine
Bárbara Romero, Shoji Kojima, Chilong Wong, Fernando Barra, Walter Véliz and Joaquin Ruiz (2011): Molybdenite Mineralization and Re-Os Geochronology of the Escondida and Escondida Norte Porphyry Deposits, Northern Chile. Resource Geology 61, 91–100.
Mineralium Deposita 44 (2009) 329-342
  • Atacama
    • Chañaral Province
      • El Salado
        • Mantoverde district
Williams, P. J., Barton, M. D., Johnson, D. A., Fontboté, L., De Haller, A., Mark, G., ... & Marschik, R. (2005). Iron oxide copper-gold deposits: Geology, space-time distribution, and possible modes of origin. Economic Geology, 371-405.
      • Inca de Oro
Mr. Terry Szenics.
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cabeza de Vaca district
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 546.
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
        • Carrera Pinto
V. Sapienza collection
  • Coquimbo
    • Elqui Province
      • La Serena
        • San Antonio District
Samples in the collection of professor Claudio Canut De Bon (La Serena, Chile)
  • Tarapacá
    • Tamarugal Province
      • Pozo Almonte
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
China
 
  • Heilongjiang
    • Heihe
      • Xunke County
Ruofeng Gao, Longhua Jing, and Lianxi Wei (2008): Gold Science and Technology 16(2), 46-47, 59
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Sokolov District
      • Horní Slavkov
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Petr Pauliš (2000): Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kutná Hora; Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Kolitsch, U., Gröbner, J. & Brandstätter, F. (2009): Neufunde von Les Montmins, Allier, Frankreich. Lapis 34 (11), 24-32 (in German).
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Usclas-du-Bosc
Dincuff, B. (2008): Minéralogie de la carrière d'Usclas-du-Bosc (Hérault). Le Règne Minéral, 83, 5-21.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Daluis
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Saint-Maurice-en-Valgodemard
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
Mandarino, J. A. (1996) Abstracts of New Mineral Descriptions. Mineralogical Reord 27:393-395
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
        • Steinach
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
    • Karlsruhe
      • Freudenstadt
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Hesse
    • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Mineralogische Notizen VII. Der Aufschluss, 51, 281-293.
      • Rammelsberg
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Marsberg
Lapis, 16 (12), 13-21+58.
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss, 37 (2), 55-67.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Hilchenbach
          • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
        • Siegen
          • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
        • Engelskirchen
          • Loope
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
    • Niederberg area
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
    • The Ruhr
      • Essen
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Odenwald
    • Lautertal (Odenwald)
      • Reichenbach
        • Hohenstein
Belendorff, K & Petitjean, K. (1987): Reichenbach im Odenwald. Die Mineralien von Fundpunkt 16.1. bei Reichenbach. LAPIS 12 (10), 23-32 + 58
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersbergkreis
      • Alsenz-Obermoschel
        • Obermoschel
Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
      • Rockenhausen
        • Stahlberg
Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Westerwaldkreis
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Kalenborn
          • Kasbach
S. Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages., 76-77.
        • Rheinbreitbach
          • Virneberg Mine (St Josephsberg Mine)
Habel, B. (2006): Die Mineralien der Kupferschlacken der Grube „Virneberg“ bei Rheinbreitbach, Rhein. Mineralien-Welt 17 (1), 38-49.; Schnorrer-Köhler,G. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.
  • Saarland
    • Saarlouis
      • Wallerfangen
        • St Barbara
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
        • Rottleberode
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Schwarzenberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Dippoldiswalde
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Zwickau
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 592.
  • Thuringia
    • Erfurt
https://www.uni-bamberg.de/restwiss/forschung/interdisziplinaere-forschung/dom-erfurt-grabplatten/
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
      • Kamsdorf
Rüger, F. & Decker, H. (1992). Bergbaugeschichte, Geologie und Mineralien des Saalfeld-Kamsdorfer Bergreviers in Ostthüringen. Veröff. Museum Gera, Naturw. Reihe, H.19, S.7-70
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
No reference listed
              • Hilarion area
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
          • Dipseliza area
            • Dipseliza Mines
Branko Rieck Collection
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Plaka
            • Villia
Lapis, 28/5 (May 2003)
          • Sounion area
            • Agia Varvara Mines (St Barbara Mines)
Branko Rieck Collection
No reference listed
Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999)
            • Sounion Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
  • South Aegean
    • Milos
      • Serifos Island
        • Avissalos (Avyssalos; Avessalos; Aghriomelisa Mountain)
Lefteris Rantos collection
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Kazincbarcika District
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
    • Miskolc District
      • Lillafüred
Bulletin of the Hungarian Geological Society
  • Fejér County
    • Lovasberény
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary, 2005
  • Heves County
    • Recsk
GEODA 2013/2
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Jabalpur division
      • Balaghat District
        • Baihar Tehsil
          • Padritola
Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Iran
 
  • Isfahan Province
    • Nain County
      • Anarak District
Bariand, P. 1963. Contribution à la minéralogie de l’lran. Bulletin de la Société Française de minéralogie et de cristallographie, 86: 17-64.
  • Kerman Province
    • Rafsanjan County
      • Pariz
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Zambonini (1910): 337; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 607.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Borzoli
M.E. Ciriotti, 2007, com. pers. (P. Rögner analysis)
      • Sestri Levante
Palenzona, A. & Borgo, E. (1988): I Nostri Minerali. Geologia e Mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1988. Sagep, Ed., Genova
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Oltre il Colle
UK AMI Service (Torino University)
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baceno
        • Devero Alp
Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Vignola, P. (2006): Characterization and genetic inferences of arsenates, sulfates and vanadates of Fe, Cu, Pb, Zn from Mount Cervandone (Western Alps, Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, 76, 141-150.; Guastoni, A. (2009): Monte Cervandone. Recenti novità mineralogiche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 2009 (1), 38-48.
Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Vignola P. (2006): Characterization and genetic inferences of arsenates, sulfates and vanadates of Fe, Cu, Pb, Zn from Mount Cervandone (Western Alps, Italy). Per. Mineral., 76, 141-150; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Guastoni A. (2009): Monte Cervandone. Recenti novità mineralogiche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 33, 1 (1-2009), 38-48.
    • Vercelli Province
Luigi Chiappino data
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
      • Villacidro
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., and Tanca, G.A. [with contributions of Vinci, A., and Astolfi, M.] (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Associazione Mineralogica Domusnovas, Gruppo Mineralogico Arburese, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo et al. Ed., Siena, Vol. 2, 192 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
        • Prata
Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19: 9-28.
Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., & Capperi, M. (2007). Valle dello Stregaio e Monte Gai, Massa Marittima, Grosseto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 92-102.
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Domenico Preite
Am Min 67:385-393; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
          • Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)
P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
      • Piombino
Muenchener Micromounter-Lithothek
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Sapporo
島倉広至, 三浦貴生, 浜根大輔, 松枝大治, & 三浦裕行. (2015). 北海道手稲鉱山産 Te, Bi, As 鉱物. 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告, 78, 19-35.
  • Hyogo Prefecture
    • Asago City
      • Ikuno-cho-ono
        • Ikuno mine
Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan)
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Nishiizu
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
(unpublished species lists maintained by local collectors; needs confirmation)
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Sierra Mojada Municipality
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 546.
  • Sonora
    • Santa Cruz Municipality
      • Cuitaca
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Valencia, V. A., Noguez-Alcántara, B., Barra, F., Ruiz, J., Gehrels, G., Quintanar, F., & Valencia-Moreno, M. (2006). Geocronología de Re-Os en molibdenita y LA-ICPMS-MC U-Pb en circón para el pórfido cuprífero de Milpillas: aportaciones para esclarecer la evolución temporal de la mineralización en el Distrito de Cananea, Sonora, México. Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas, 23(1), 39-53.
Myanmar
 
  • Shan State
    • Kyaukme District
      • Namtu Township
Dill, H. G., Weber, B., & Botz, R. (2013). Metalliferous duricrusts. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 190(2), 123-195.
New Zealand
 
  • Nelson Region
    • Aniseed Valley
Essence of Microscope, 2009
  • Southland Region
    • Southland District
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
Peru
 
  • Apurímac
    • Aymaraes Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Arequipa
    • Arequipa Province
      • Uchumayo District
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Philippines
 
  • Visayas
    • Western Visayas Region
      • Marinduque Province
        • Marinduque Island
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Poland
 
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Kraków Co.
      • Gmina Krzeszowice
Ref.: Gołębiowska B., Matyszkiewicz J., Molenda R., Górny A. 2006: Hydrothermal mineralization in Middle Jurassic sandy Limestones from Zalas (near Cracow, S Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 81-83
  • Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
    • Kielce District
      • Chęciny
Wieser, T. & Zabinski, W. (1986): Copper arsenate and sulphate minerals from Miedzianka near Kielce (Poland). Mineralogica Polonica 17 (1), 17-42.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Castelo Branco
    • Vila Velha de Ródão
      • Vila Velha de Ródão
Martins da Pedra collection
Rui Nunes collection
  • Viseu
    • São João da Pesqueira
      • Várzea de Trevões
Pedro Alves collection
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
      • Bocşa Mare
Apopei, A.I., Buzgar, N., Damian, G., Buzatu, A. (2005): The Raman study of weathering minerals from the Coranda-Hondol open pit (Certej gold-silver deposit) and their photochemical degradation products under laser irradiation. Canadian MIneralogist, 52, 1027-1038.
Andrei I. Apopei, Nicolae Buzgar, Gheorghe Damian, and Andrei Buzatu (2014) the Raman Study of Weathering Minerals from the Coranda-Hondol Open Pit (Certej Gold-silver Deposit) and Their Photochemical Degradation Products Under Laser Irradiation. Can Mineral 52:1027-1038.
Russia
 
  • Adygea
Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).; Pekov, I.V., Levitskiy, V.V., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Bryzgalov, I.A., Zadov, A.E. & Chukanov, N.V. (2012): New nickel-uranium-arsenic mineral species from the oxidation zone of the Belorechenskoye deposit, Northern Caucasus, Russia: I. Rauchite, Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2.10H2O, a member of the autunite group. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 913-922.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
        • Ryabinovskoe Cu-Au deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Kodar–Udokan district
        • Udokan
Gongalsky, B., & Krivolutskaya, N. (2019). The Cu-Ag-Fe Udokan Deposit. In World-Class Mineral Deposits of Northeastern Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia (pp. 37-85). Springer, Cham.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 2 Ko-Seč, Bratislava, Veda 1990, s. 731 – 738.
      • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Staré Hory (Altgebirg; Óhegy)
Szakáll at all: Minerals of the Carpathians, Granit, Praha 2002
    • Revúca Co.
      • Nandraž
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Gelnica (Göllnitz)
Sejkora J., Ďuďa R., Novotná M., 2001: Minerály oxidační zóny žíly Krížová, Gelnica, Slovenské Rudohorie. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 9, 121-139.
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rejdová (Neuhau)
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Marble Hall
Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
        • Argent
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Brits (Brits District)
Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Sant Cugat del Vallès-El Papiol
Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Joy Desor analysis by Raman spectroscopy: Desor, J (2018) New minerals from the Eureka mine. http://mineralanalytik.de/images/REMBILDER/march18-02.pdf
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
Kolitsch, U. (1998): Neue Mineralfunde vom Wannigletscher im Binntal, Schweiz. Mineralien-Welt 9 (3), 45-53. (in German)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
- Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
Turkey
 
  • Diyarbakir Province
    • Ergani (Arghana; Osmaniye; Erganiosmaniye)
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/S%FCdostanatolien/Diyarbakir%2C%20Provinz/Ergani%20-%20Maden/Ergani%20Mine
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
    • Cornwall
      • Lanner
        • Lanner
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Agnes
Ansermet, S. (2007): Lapis 32(2), 25-26, 50
      • St Just
        • Botallack
          • Botallack Mine
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
          • Cliff outcrops
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).; BMS Database
          • Potts Gill
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).
          • Roughton Gill
Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I. and Rumsey, M.S. (2005) A review of the occurrence of antlerite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 8, 81-84.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 29-47.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Cleburne Co.
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Census Area
      • Nizina Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 546; USGS OFR 2003-404(Hudson,2003)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Cane Valley Mining District
        • Yazzie Mesa
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115.
    • Cochise County
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 63.
        • Higgins Mine (Higgins tunnel)
Rolf Luetcke
        • Queen Hill
          • Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115, 154; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Rolf Luetcke
      • Little Dragoon Mts
        • Cochise Mining District
          • Johnson Camp
Rolf Luetcke
Rob Bowell, lab tested
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner Mining District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115.
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa Mining District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115; Hutton, C.O. (1959b), An occurrence of pseudomalachite at Safford, AZ, Am.Min.: 44: 1298-1301.
        • Peterson Wash
MRDS database Dep. ID #10027008, MRDS ID #M001705.
        • Safford
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 261, 336; Hutton, C.O. (1959b), An occurrence of pseudomalachite at Safford, AZ, Am.Min.: 44: 1298-1301.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10027031.
        • Sanchez
MRDS database Dep. ID #10027031, MRDS ID #M001755.
    • Greenlee Co.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 63.
        • Morenci
          • Morenci Mine (Morenci pit; Phelps Dodge Morenci Mine; Morenci-Metcalf)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Painted Rock Mts
        • Painted Rock Mining District
          • Theba
Identified by Tony Kampf, October 2012
    • Mohave County
      • Hualapai Mts
        • Hualapai Mining District
          • Pine Peak
Hillibrand, W.F. (1889a); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 545.
    • Pima Co.
      • Helvetia-Rosemont Mining District
        • Helvetia
Rob Lavinsky
    • Pinal Co.
      • Casa Grande
MRDS database Dep. ID #10103762, MRDS ID #M050669.
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)
          • Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)
            • Copper Creek
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer Mining District
          • Kings Crown Peak area
            • Comstock Wash
Rocks & Min.: 15:278; 21:431.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Black Hills (Black Hill Range)
        • Verde Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115, 198.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 147; Lindgren, W. (1926), USGS Bull. 782: 61-78.
      • Eureka Mining District
        • Black Mesa
Anderson, C.A., et al (1955), Geology and ore deposits of the Bagdad area, Yavapai County, Arizona, USGS PP 278: 49, 75.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 16, 17-18; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 297; Stolburg, C.S. (1984): The mines and minerals of Darwin, Californa. Mineralogical Record 15(1): 5-18.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Malpais Mesa
Mackevett, Edward M. (1953): 9; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 297.; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Nash, B. P. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Pauladamsite, Cu4 (SeO3)(SO4)(OH) 4· 2H2O, a new mineral from the Santa Rosa mine, Darwin district, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine.; Paul M. Adams (2017) The Santa Rosa mine, Inyo County, California. Minerlogical Record 48:755-777
    • Madera Co.
      • Daulton Mining District
        • Daulton
          • Iron Mountain (2)
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 78; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 298.
    • Mono Co.
      • Bodie Hills
        • Masonic Mining District
          • New York Hill
Kampf, A.R., Housley, R.M., Rossman, G.R., Marty, J., Chorazewicz, M. (2018) Bodieite, Bi3+2(Te4+O3)2(SO4), a New Mineral from the Tintic District, Utah, and the Masonic District, California, USA. Canadian Mineralogist: 56: 763-772.
Marty, J. pers. comm. 2018
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake Mining District
        • Soda Mts
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
collected at 2B site by and in the collection of Eckhard D. Stuart; XRD A. Kampf 1/29/16
    • Santa Barbara Co.
      • San Rafael Mts
        • Cachuma Mining District
          • Cachuma Village
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 298.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • West Shasta Copper - Zinc Mining District
          • Iron Mountain [town]
            • Iron Mountain
              • Iron Mountain Mine (Number 8; Confidence; Old Mine)
Kinkel, Arthur Rudolph, Jr., Wayne E. Hall & J.P. Albers (1956) Geology and base metal deposits of west Shasta copper-zinc district, Shasta County, California: USGS PP 285, 156 pp.: 89; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 78; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 298.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia Mining District
("Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997)
  • Montana
    • Butte-Silver Bow (Butte; Silver Bow Co.)
      • Butte Mining District (Summit Valley Mining District)
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Lewis Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Shoshone Mts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Mountain View Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Wassuk Range
          • Black Mountain
            • Hussman Spring
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 546.
    • Pershing Co.
      • Tobin and Sonoma Range Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn(1995):Pt5:628.
  • New Mexico
    • Sandoval Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Santa Fe Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
R&M 67:6 p390-395
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
        • Bingham
M Massis collection
Jerry Cone Collection
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
[MinRec 20:24]; GF Loughlin (1942) Geology and ore deposits of the Magdalena mining district, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 200.
        • Magdalena
Collection of Patrick Haynes. Found in loose efflorescent-appearing material, associated with anglesite, cerussite, brochantite and nantokite.
  • North Carolina
    • Guilford Co.
      • Greensboro
Carpenter III, P. Albert (1976) Metallic Mineral Deposits of the Carolina Slate Belt, North Carolina : NCGS Bulletion 84
  • Pennsylvania
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Lower Providence Township
        • Audubon
          • Perkiomen Mines
Foord, E.E., and Heyl, A.V. (1985) Antlerite from the Ecton Mine, Audubon, PA, Penn. Chapter Friends of Mineralogy Newsletter, 13:3, 6-7 (As greenish crusts on weathered galena.)
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael Mining District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Delta
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
    • Grand Co.
      • Polar Mesa Mining District
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Juab Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Eureka
[Mineralogical Record 29:177]
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Wasatch Mountains (Wasatch Range)
        • Big Cottonwood Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Fry Canyon
USGS Bull 1125
      • Red Canyon
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • White Canyon
        • Fry Mesa
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS TEI #514; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Can Min (2001) 39, 6, 1685-1689; Min News 14:10 p 4,4,7
    • Utah Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
        • Mineral
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
 
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