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Ada Tepe Au deposit (Khan Krum Au deposit; Khan Kroum Au deposit), Krumovgrad, Kardzhali Province, Bulgariai
Regional Level Types
Ada Tepe Au deposit (Khan Krum Au deposit; Khan Kroum Au deposit)Deposit
KrumovgradMunicipality
Kardzhali ProvinceOblast
BulgariaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 26' 20'' North , 25° 39' 14'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Krumovgrad5,271 (2018)3.6km
Kirkovo700 (2016)27.2km
Madzharovo1,319 (2016)27.9km
Dzhebel3,329 (2016)29.9km
Kardzhali51,000 (2016)33.5km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Ада тепе (Кан Крум), Oбщина Крумовград, Област Кърджали


Ada Tepe is a typical low-sulfidation epithermal gold deposit, unusual in that it is older than adjacent magmatic-related deposits and is hosted in Maastrichtian–Paleocene sedimentary rocks above a detachment fault contact with underlying Paleozoic metamorphic rocks.
Gold mineralization is located in: (1) a massive, tabular ore body above the detachment fault; and (2) open spacefilling ores along predominantly east–west oriented listric faults. The ores are zones of intensive silicification and brecciation synchronous with detachment faulting.
Part of the Krumovgrad gold field.

The oldest gold mine in Europe; it has operated from 1500 to about 600 BC.

Located near Krumovgrad, on the summit of the Ada Tepe ridge.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78. ; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.
'Clays'
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 59-78; Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 59-78; Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 59-78; Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 59-78; Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78. ; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 59-78; Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 59-78; Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.; Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Marchev, P.; Singer, B. S.; Jelev, D.; Hasson, S.; Moritz, R.; Bonev, N. (2004): The Ada Tepe deposit: a sediment-hosted, detachment fault-controlled, low-sulfidation gold deposit in the Eastern Rhodopes, SE Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 2004, 59-78.
Marinova, I. (2008). Morphology of electrum from Khan Krum gold deposit, Krumovgrad goldfield, Eastern Rhodope Mountain, SE Bulgaria. Geologica Macedonica, 2, 111-120.
Hristo Popov, Albrecht Jockenhövel & Christian Groer (2011): Ada Tepe (Ost-Rhodopen, Bulgarien): Spätbronzezeitlicher – ältereisenzeitlicher Goldbergbau. In: Ünsal Yalçın (Ed.): Anatolian Metal V, Der Anschnitt. Beiheft 24, Veröffentlichungen aus dem Deutschen Bergbau-Museum Bochum, Nr. 180, Bochum, Germany, 111-xxx.
Irina Marinova, Valentin Ganev, Rositsa Titorenkova (2014): Colloidal origin of colloform-banded textures in the Paleogene low-sulfidation Khan Krum gold deposit, SE Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 49, 49-74.

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