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Gastropoda

Description

The gastropods, more commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic class of invertebrates within the phylum Mollusca, called Gastropoda. This class comprises snails and slugs from saltwater, from freshwater, and from the land. There are many thousands of species of sea snails and slugs, as well as freshwater snails, freshwater limpets, and land snails and slugs.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)225https://www.gbif.org/species/225
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)8304https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=8304
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameGastropoda
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)28,312
Extant Size (PBDB)6,002 (21%)
First Recorded Appearance530 - 516 Ma
Cambrian
Motilityactively mobile
Visionlimited
Taphonomyaragonite
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Snail, Gastropods, Slugs, Snails, Snails And Slugs
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gastropoda

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Aplysiida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Architaenioglossa
order
accepted1,880247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Cephalaspidea
order
accepted2,555168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Cycloneritida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ellobiida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepetellida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Littorinimorpha
order
accepted29,491431 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Neogastropoda
order
accepted43,082478 Ma
Early Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Nudibranchia
order
acceptedSea Slug00 Ma
Extant
Pleurobranchida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurotomariida
order
accepted1,559499 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Pteropoda
order
accepted213.8 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Runcinida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Seguenziida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphonariida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stylommatophora
order
acceptedSlug752140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Systellommatophora
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Trochida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Umbraculida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abyssochrysidae
family
accepted5145 Ma
Late Jurassic
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Acanthonematidae
family
accepted13314 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Acmaeadae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acmaeidae
family
accepted77251 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Acochlidiidae
family
accepted0
Acroloxidae
family
accepted25.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Actaeonellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actaeoninidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acteonellidae
family
accepted102237 Ma
Middle Triassic
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Acteoninidae
family
accepted311339 Ma
Carboniferous
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Adeorbiidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Aitengidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alderidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amathinidae
family
accepted14140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Ampezzanildidae
family
accepted3166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
109 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Amphibolidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Amphimelaniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphitomariidae
family
accepted683.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Ancistrobasidae
family
accepted138.0 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Anoptychiidae
family
accepted56318 Ma
Carboniferous
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Anozygidae
family
accepted1314 Ma
Carboniferous
306 Ma
Carboniferous
Anthracopupidae
family
accepted2323 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Aptyxiellidae
family
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Architectonicidae
family
accepted1,403237 Ma
Middle Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Asperspinidae
family
accepted0
Auroraellidae
family
accepted0
Bactroptyxisidae
family
accepted0
Bathyhedylidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bathysciadidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bathysciadiidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Batillariidae
family
accepted369129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Bellerophontidae
family
accepted1,964479 Ma
Early Ordovician
176 Ma
Early Jurassic
Berendinellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachytrematidae
family
accepted85170 Ma
Middle Jurassic
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Brochidiidae
family
accepted0
Bucaniidae
family
accepted683485 Ma
Cambrian
46.2 Ma
Eocene
Bulinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Burnupiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Campanilidae
family
accepted313166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Canterburyellidae
family
accepted0
Carinopeltidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carychiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cassianaxidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cassianebalidae
family
accepted4237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Cassiopidae
family
accepted76145 Ma
Late Jurassic
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Ceritellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cerithiadae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cerithiidae
family
acceptedCerith Snail2,807433 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Chilinidae
family
accepted15.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Chondropomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Choristeidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chuchlinidae
family
accepted2411 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Cimidae
family
accepted1661.6 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Clisospiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clivunellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cloristellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Codonocheilidae
family
accepted8427 Ma
Silurian
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Coelodiscidae
family
accepted13201 Ma
Early Jurassic
170 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Coelostylinidae
family
accepted696279 Ma
Permian
156 Ma
Jurassic
Cornirostridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Costasiellidae
family
accepted0
Craspedostomatidae
family
accepted109446 Ma
Late Ordovician
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Crassimarginatidae
family
accepted8416 Ma
Early Devonian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Cryptaulacidae
family
accepted209242 Ma
Middle Triassic
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cyclonemidae
family
accepted0
Cyclostrematidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cylindrobullinidae
family
accepted209252 Ma
Permian
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cymbulariidae
family
accepted0
Dalmateidae
family
accepted0
Damilinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Daminilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendropupidae
family
accepted4318 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Dialidae
family
accepted4747.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Diastomatidae
family
accepted130122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Diastomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diozoptyxidae
family
accepted186.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Discohelicidae
family
accepted224247 Ma
Early Triassic
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Dolomitellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Donaldinidae
family
accepted192456 Ma
Late Ordovician
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Elatioriellidae
family
accepted0
Elegantellidae
family
accepted0
Eoacmaeidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Epitoniidae
family
acceptedWentletrap1,693247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Eumetulidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eunerineidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euomphalidae
family
accepted1,289499 Ma
Cambrian
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Euphemitidae
family
accepted750408 Ma
Early Devonian
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Eustomatidae
family
accepted3133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
7.25 Ma
Miocene
Fibuloptygmatidae
family
accepted0
Fibulotyxisidae
family
accepted0
Fossaridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fossarinidae
family
accepted10.01 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Ganitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gigantocapulidae
family
accepted1583.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Glacidorbidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Globocornidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goniasmatidae
family
accepted356408 Ma
Early Devonian
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Goniasmidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goniospiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gordenellidae
family
accepted253260 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Gyrodidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gyrotropidae
family
accepted593.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Hedylopsidae
family
accepted0
Helicotomidae
family
accepted292485 Ma
Cambrian
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Hemisinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hermaeidae
family
accepted0
Heteroneritidae
family
accepted2165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
161 Ma
Jurassic
Heterosubulitidae
family
accepted1265 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Hokkaidoconchidae
family
accepted11161 Ma
Jurassic
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Holopeidae
family
accepted439485 Ma
Cambrian
252 Ma
Permian
Hyalogyrinidae
family
accepted7252 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Imoglobidae
family
accepted11359 Ma
Late Devonian
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Ischnoptygmatidae
family
accepted2272 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Isospiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Itieriidae
family
accepted7161 Ma
Jurassic
109 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Juliidae
family
accepted1823.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Knightitidae
family
accepted0
Kuskokwimiidae
family
accepted1409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Ladinulidae
family
accepted1216 Ma
Late Triassic
212 Ma
Late Triassic
Lancedelliidae
family
accepted2235 Ma
Late Triassic
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Lancidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Latiidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Lepetidae
family
accepted1561.6 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Lepetopsidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lesueurillidae
family
accepted197485 Ma
Cambrian
433 Ma
Silurian
Liareidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Limapontiidae
family
accepted0
Litiopidae
family
accepted9666.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Lophospiridae
family
accepted2,073485 Ma
Cambrian
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Lottiidae
family
accepted381247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Loxonematidae
family
accepted673485 Ma
Cambrian
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Lymnaeidae
family
accepted163170 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Maclureadae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Maningrididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Maoraxidae
family
accepted0
Mathildidae
family
accepted619247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Mathilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Matildidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Meekospiridae
family
accepted295433 Ma
Silurian
252 Ma
Permian
Megalomastomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melampodinae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melaniidae
family
accepted748.6 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Melanodrymiidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Melanopsidae
family
accepted188112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Metacerithiidae
family
accepted42145 Ma
Late Jurassic
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Microcystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Micromelaniidae
family
accepted347.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Micromphalidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Misurinellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Modulidae
family
accepted10333.9 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Murchisonellidae
family
accepted30190 Ma
Early Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Nacellidae
family
accepted6872.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Neolepetopsidae
family
accepted10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Neomphalidae
family
accepted8113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Nerineidae
family
accepted567279 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Nerinellidae
family
accepted61199 Ma
Early Jurassic
83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Nerrhenidae
family
accepted19393 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Newtoniellidae
family
accepted80168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Notarchidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Omalogyridae
family
accepted656.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Omphalocirridae
family
accepted37419 Ma
Early Devonian
382 Ma
Late Devonian
Omphalotrochidae
family
accepted243419 Ma
Early Devonian
252 Ma
Permian
Onychochilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophiletidae
family
accepted306485 Ma
Cambrian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Orbitestellidae
family
accepted14165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Orectospiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oriostomatidae
family
accepted295450 Ma
Late Ordovician
176 Ma
Early Jurassic
Orthonematidae
family
accepted180336 Ma
Carboniferous
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Orthonychiidae
family
accepted181439 Ma
Silurian
260 Ma
Permian
Oxynoidae
family
accepted0
Pachychilidae
family
accepted12883.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Pagodatrochidae
family
accepted228.1 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Palaeostylidae
family
accepted23359 Ma
Late Devonian
265 Ma
Permian
Palaeotrochidae
family
accepted28393 Ma
Early Devonian
361 Ma
Late Devonian
Palaeozygopleuridae
family
accepted258427 Ma
Silurian
260 Ma
Permian
Paludomidae
family
accepted823.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Paraclididae
family
accepted0
Paraturbinidae
family
accepted26235 Ma
Late Triassic
99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Parhedylidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Patellidae
family
accepted236339 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Pectinodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peltospiridae
family
accepted547.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Peraclididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perunelidae
family
accepted2419 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Perunellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phallomedusidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaneroptyxisidae
family
accepted0
Physidae
family
accepted93145 Ma
Late Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Pianaridae
family
accepted0
Pilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plakobranchidae
family
accepted0
Planaxidae
family
accepted119113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Planorbidae
family
accepted468383 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Platyceratidae
family
accepted1,570470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Platyhedylidae
family
accepted0
Plesiotrochidae
family
accepted1833.9 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pleuroceridae
family
accepted32140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Pleuroceriidae
family
accepted1209 Ma
Late Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Pleurotoceratidae
family
accepted0
Plicatusidae
family
accepted2254 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Polyptyxisidae
family
accepted0
Pomatiasidae
family
accepted2572.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Pommerozygiidae
family
accepted8168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Popenellidae
family
accepted2237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Potamididae
family
acceptedHorn Snail1,198265 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Poteriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pragoscutulidae
family
accepted2359 Ma
Late Devonian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Pragoserpulinidae
family
accepted0
Prisciophoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Procerithiidae
family
accepted378279 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Propupaspiridae
family
accepted4265 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Prostyliferidae
family
accepted32247 Ma
Early Triassic
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Protoculidae
family
accepted45252 Ma
Permian
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Protorculidae
family
accepted108265 Ma
Permian
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Provalvatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Provannidae
family
accepted2283.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Pseudomelaniidae
family
accepted952272 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Pseudonerineidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudosacculidae
family
accepted0
Pseudozygopleuridae
family
accepted579408 Ma
Early Devonian
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Pseudunelidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterothecidae
family
accepted147470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
382 Ma
Late Devonian
Ptygmatididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptygmatisidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyramidellidae
family
accepted2,316260 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Raphistomatidae
family
accepted317485 Ma
Cambrian
384 Ma
Middle Devonian
Raphistomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhytidophilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhytidopilidae
family
accepted2157 Ma
Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Rissoellidae
family
accepted11105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Scaliolidae
family
accepted9356.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Schartiidae
family
accepted5237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Scoliostomatidae
family
accepted22411 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Semisulcospiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Settsassiidae
family
accepted126247 Ma
Early Triassic
156 Ma
Jurassic
Siliquariidae
family
accepted128235 Ma
Late Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Sinuitidae
family
accepted368485 Ma
Cambrian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Sinuopeidae
family
accepted158501 Ma
Cambrian
252 Ma
Permian
Smeagolidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Soleniscidae
family
accepted838431 Ma
Silurian
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Spanionematidae
family
accepted7388 Ma
Middle Devonian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Sphaerodomidae
family
accepted5326 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Spirostylidae
family
accepted57254 Ma
Permian
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Stomatellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Straparollinidae
family
accepted93485 Ma
Cambrian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Streptacididae
family
accepted53347 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Strobeidae
family
accepted11354 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Stuoraxidae
family
accepted0
Stuorellidae
family
accepted29247 Ma
Early Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Subulitidae
family
accepted478485 Ma
Cambrian
254 Ma
Permian
Succineoidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Synceratidae
family
accepted720.4 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Syrnolopsidae
family
accepted0
Tantulidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Temnocinclidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Temnodiscidae
family
accepted56468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Thaididae
family
accepted5666.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Thaisidae
family
accepted2837.2 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Thiaridae
family
accepted490247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Tjaernoeiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trachoecidae
family
accepted3235 Ma
Late Triassic
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Trachysmidae
family
accepted0
Trajanellidae
family
accepted27122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Tricoliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Triphoridae
family
accepted32066.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Triptyxisidae
family
accepted0
Trochaclisidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochonematidae
family
accepted350485 Ma
Cambrian
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Trypanaxidae
family
accepted666.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Tubiferidae
family
accepted77343 Ma
Carboniferous
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tubinidae
family
accepted20423 Ma
Silurian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Turritellidae
family
acceptedTurret Shell7,235247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Upellidae
family
accepted0
Valvatidae
family
accepted97201 Ma
Early Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Vermicularidae
family
accepted0
Vernediidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vltaviellidae
family
accepted4427 Ma
Silurian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Volvatellidae
family
accepted0
Xantonychidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xylodisculidae
family
accepted128.1 Ma
Oligocene
20.4 Ma
Miocene
Yochelsoniidae
family
accepted0
Yuopisthonematidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zardinellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zardinellopsidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zemelanopsidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zygopleuridae
family
accepted378339 Ma
Carboniferous
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Abrekopsis
genus
accepted21252 Ma
Permian
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Absidaticonus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acrospira
genus
accepted2279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Ambrosea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphitrochilia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anachronistella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anguillospira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anomalomya
genus
accepted0
Antillachelus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aphanotaenia
genus
accepted1152 Ma
Late Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Arangocoptis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aremellia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asperoconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Atresius
genus
accepted3140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Axoniella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bactroptyxis
genus
accepted4168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
161 Ma
Jurassic
Bactrospira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Balinula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bathypurpurinopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bernicia
genus
accepted1336 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Beshtashella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bicuerda
genus
accepted7314 Ma
Carboniferous
272 Ma
Permian
Blodgettinotus
genus
accepted1393 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Boreioconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boutillieria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bucardites
genus
accepted0
Bulimella
genus
accepted0
Callusaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cambretina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caritoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cassianozyga
genus
accepted2235 Ma
Late Triassic
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Catazone
genus
accepted42439 Ma
Silurian
384 Ma
Middle Devonian
Cavicypraea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceritellopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cheilospicata
genus
accepted166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Chilodontia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chingua
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chippewaella
genus
accepted1501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Chondrocerithium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chuchleconus
genus
accepted1411 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Coninoda
genus
accepted0
Cordaspira
genus
accepted1411 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Costasphaera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crassiscala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Creniturbo
genus
accepted0
Cryptoplocus
genus
accepted10166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cyclospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclostoma
genus
accepted356.0 Ma
Paleocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Daedalia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dalejeconcha
genus
accepted0
Dasyostoma
genus
accepted441.3 Ma
Eocene
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Dathmila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Deshayesia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dibaphus
genus
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Dimorphotectus
genus
accepted19237 Ma
Middle Triassic
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Elmira
genus
accepted283.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Eotympanotonus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Epifaxis
genus
accepted0
Erratopleura
genus
accepted2166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
161 Ma
Jurassic
Euconodoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurytorus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euspirocrommium
genus
accepted1561.6 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Extendilabrum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fibuloptyxis
genus
accepted0
Flemmingia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Frydatinus
genus
accepted1101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Fuscoscala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Galeodaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Galericulus
genus
accepted1122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Gamizyga
genus
accepted11318 Ma
Carboniferous
306 Ma
Carboniferous
Girvania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glauconiella
genus
accepted0
Glyptomaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goniocheila
genus
accepted141.3 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Gosseletia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gradiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Greveniella
genus
accepted123.0 Ma
Miocene
20.4 Ma
Miocene
Gyroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haplospira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heideella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helicites
genus
accepted0
Helicohedyle
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helicrenion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heligmopoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hermosanema
genus
accepted2314 Ma
Carboniferous
306 Ma
Carboniferous
Heterocerithiopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heteronerita
genus
accepted8166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
161 Ma
Jurassic
Hexaglauconia
genus
accepted286.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Hologyra
genus
accepted45247 Ma
Early Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Holyneconcha
genus
accepted1393 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Horizostoma
genus
accepted0
Horsegullia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Humilispira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyphantozyga
genus
accepted28408 Ma
Early Devonian
252 Ma
Permian
Idioraphe
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iforasia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Islipia
genus
accepted0
Ispharina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Itieria
genus
accepted3152 Ma
Late Jurassic
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Itruvia
genus
accepted399.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Jurassiphorus
genus
accepted5212 Ma
Late Triassic
99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Jurilda
genus
accepted36172 Ma
Middle Jurassic
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Kepinospira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kitikamispira
genus
accepted25408 Ma
Early Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Kosorodiscus
genus
accepted1419 Ma
Early Devonian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Lesperonia
genus
accepted0
Leveillia
genus
accepted28411 Ma
Early Devonian
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Levizygopleura
genus
accepted27347 Ma
Carboniferous
252 Ma
Permian
Lithocirrula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Loxobidens
genus
accepted0
Loxotomella
genus
accepted4242 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Luoguella
genus
accepted2254 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Luoguispira
genus
accepted4254 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Mendelia
genus
accepted0
Mesoglauconia
genus
accepted4133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
109 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Michniakia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microcochlis
genus
accepted1347 Ma
Carboniferous
331 Ma
Carboniferous
Micromphalina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mirochiliticus
genus
accepted4260 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Mistostigma
genus
accepted20.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Mitodrillia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mohariella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mudalia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myagrostoma
genus
accepted0
Nehalemia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nettersheimia
genus
accepted1393 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Nixipileolus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Omanimaria
genus
accepted0
Oonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ornollus
genus
accepted2388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Palaeoalvania
genus
accepted1359 Ma
Late Devonian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Paraglauconia
genus
accepted10140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Parkeristoma
genus
accepted261.6 Ma
Paleocene
59.2 Ma
Paleocene
Patelloidea
genus
accepted240339 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Pauciacirsa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peruniscus
genus
accepted25479 Ma
Early Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Petersia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peyrotia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phorus
genus
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Platyostomella
genus
accepted2343 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Pleuratella
genus
accepted0
Pommerozygia
genus
accepted7168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
109 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Porcaconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prisconatica
genus
accepted4129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Prosinuites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protocypraedia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Provermicularia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudalaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoglauconia
genus
accepted123.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Pseudomesalia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoplagiothyra
genus
accepted5388 Ma
Middle Devonian
371 Ma
Late Devonian
Pseudoplocezyga
genus
accepted0
Pseudotrochus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterocheilos
genus
accepted0
Ptychogyra
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Ptygmatis
genus
accepted27168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Punctospira
genus
accepted0
Purkynespira
genus
accepted2411 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Pyrazisinus
genus
accepted4633.9 Ma
Oligocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Radwinia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ragactaeon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Renschiphaedusa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabdoconcha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rigauxia
genus
accepted4190 Ma
Early Jurassic
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Rugatiscala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schwedagonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sequania
genus
accepted2157 Ma
Jurassic
152 Ma
Late Jurassic
Serpulospira
genus
accepted54416 Ma
Early Devonian
336 Ma
Carboniferous
Sheitanok
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sichuanospira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siluracmaea
genus
accepted3443 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Sinkiangodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphonophyla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sohlitella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stephanocosmia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Strianematina
genus
accepted4279 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Striatiscala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stuorilda
genus
accepted1237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Subuliscala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Suprazonalia
genus
accepted1260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Theratodocion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thoralispira
genus
accepted20485 Ma
Cambrian
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Tiaracerithium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tintorium
genus
accepted5125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Tomaszoviella
genus
accepted5140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Triassocirrus
genus
accepted35247 Ma
Early Triassic
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Tripartella
genus
accepted2166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
161 Ma
Jurassic
Tritonophon
genus
accepted24461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Trochilites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochotremaria
genus
accepted0
Tropidodiscus
genus
accepted124485 Ma
Cambrian
252 Ma
Permian
Turbocalyptraea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tylotrochus
genus
accepted7247 Ma
Early Triassic
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Uchauxia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ueckerconulus
genus
accepted14212 Ma
Late Triassic
164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Undiscala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vanpalmeria
genus
accepted161.6 Ma
Paleocene
59.2 Ma
Paleocene
Vasculum
genus
accepted0
Vermiculatus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vetidrillia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Visitator
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Wonwalica
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zinolia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zlichovia
genus
accepted1419 Ma
Early Devonian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Andinastra violascens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Areonema virgatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arjammania aulangonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bulimis xantusi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Burtinella ewekoroensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calyptrea kilburni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carnifex marshalli
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceraunochlis blatta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceritheoderma nodosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceritheoderma spirata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlorea thersites
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Collistoma silicatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coralliophaga claibornensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corbula nasuta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crenella triplicata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crenomytilus coalingensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crepelates lubangensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryptotyxis diversicostata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryptotyxis formosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclichnella nuceola
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cylinchna venusta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cylostoma fraseri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dentalium aegeum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diploconcha cretacea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Distortrix jacksonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euchellus kavoricus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Forskallia declivis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glaciliscala koshimagani
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haplocochleas cyclophoreus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hunderfordia pelewensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyolithes avonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyolithes exilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hypseloconus parvicostatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Indoartemnon medius
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lesuerilla planidorsalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lesuerilla subplana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leucosyrnix clallamensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Levicerithium altum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Levicerithium basicostae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Levicerithium breviforme
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Levicerithium microlirae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Levicerithium planum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Levicerithium subaltum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Levicerithium timberanum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lirpsa cornuata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lirpsa lepida
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lirpsa teres
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Longaconcha imbricatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Longaconcha quadrilirata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lunulites pileolus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Machoeroplax obscura
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita erythrocoma
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita johnsoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita lirulata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita magellanica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita optabilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita parcipicta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita salmonea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita tampaensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margarita vorticifera
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melongens venezuelana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metoptoma devonica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metoptoma minneiskaensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metoptoma peracuta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metoptoma peroccidens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mizuhopecten mollerensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monroea castellana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monroea coffea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neaera multiornata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neocydotus confusus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neritia helicinoides
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neuropteris tempestae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ocenbra depoensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Odostomiaa sequoiana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Olenus ichusa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachyrelya rotunda
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachystima ornata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaelophacmaea criola
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoscurria protatrostyla
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pejona lajollaensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Petricola cylindrica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phalacroma bella
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pholas vicksburgensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phthinomylacris grandis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pisiana clallamensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Placostylys cylindricus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleuronautilus martinensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polyhyba dybasi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pontocyprella macer
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pontocyprella pluriplicata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poterioceras apheles
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poterioceras spinirectus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proniceras lintea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prosaukia mariaelisabethae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protophyllum brevispira
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoleperditia dominicana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudozygoleura hoarei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudozygoleura sturgeoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Psuedomelatoma fulleri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pupura edmondi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ryoturris hillsboroughensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sauvodrillia hertleini
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scutulus peakei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Shepardiconcha bibliana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinus akinkugbei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinvitina vortex
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Solarella lamellosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stobeus girtyi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Striopyrgus hybridus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sulcalaria sulcata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Telephus troedssoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Texmelanatria angeloi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tovula microlirae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tovula teres
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tritaria emoryi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tritonofusis fortunasensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochnemella antelopensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tropaeum percostatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tubulostium cortezi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tubulostium horatianum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tubulostium mcglameryae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tubulostium tobar
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum elegans
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum fortispirae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum leve
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum magnum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum minusculum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum mundum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum pingue
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum procerum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum rivanum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum robustum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum subleve
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum tensum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum vascellum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vascellum vianum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Verticordia eocensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xylophaga mississippiensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drillia prion infrasp. paraprion Gardner
subspecies
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Bellerophontida
order
Not linked to GBIF4,936extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
46.2 Ma
Eocene
Opisthobranchia
order
Not linked to GBIF3,670extant433 Ma
Silurian
Heterostropha
order
Not linked to GBIF3,697extant456 Ma
Late Ordovician
Buccinites
genus
Not linked to GBIF8247 Ma
Early Triassic
237 Ma
Middle Triassic
Trochonematoidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF2,423extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Orthogastropoda
subclass
Not linked to GBIF24,826extant499 Ma
Cambrian
Cocculiniformia
superorder
Not linked to GBIF26extant112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Eogastropoda
subclass
Not linked to GBIF7,453extant501 Ma
Cambrian
Euthyneura
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Hypsogastropoda
superorder
Not linked to GBIF30,357extant431 Ma
Silurian
Prosobranchia
subclass
Not linked to GBIF48,377extant478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Ptenoglossa
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF1,938extant252 Ma
Permian
Pulmonata
subclass
Not linked to GBIF1,746extant383 Ma
Late Devonian
Sorbeoconcha
order
Not linked to GBIF14,412extant433 Ma
Silurian
Thatcheriidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0
Neritaemorpha
suborder
Not linked to GBIF0
Neritimorpha
subclass
Not linked to GBIF879extant456 Ma
Late Ordovician
Pectinibranchia
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF5extant101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Trochiletes
genus
Not linked to GBIF0
Admetidae
family
Not linked to GBIF1extant133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Streptoneura
subclass
Not linked to GBIF133extant501 Ma
Cambrian
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Neptuneidae
family
Not linked to GBIF2extant23.0 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Tornatella
genus
Not linked to GBIF11extant201 Ma
Early Jurassic
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Doliidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0
Hyalaea
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Opisthonematidae
family
Not linked to GBIF2extinct458 Ma
Late Ordovician
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Helicarionoidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF4extant38.0 Ma
Eocene
Zeminolia
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct21.7 Ma
Miocene
15.9 Ma
Miocene
Mitrularia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Pteronotus
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extant1.63 Ma
Pleistocene
Platystoma
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Archaeobranchia
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0
Dextrobranchia
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Toxonema
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Liris
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Isaea
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Trochopsis
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct191 Ma
Early Jurassic
183 Ma
Early Jurassic
Pupillacea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Cavolinioidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF21extinct47.8 Ma
Eocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Plectopyloidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF2extinct0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Amphigastropoda
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Fruiticicoiidae
family
Not linked to GBIF1extinct56.0 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Hyrcania
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Prasinidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Alectrionidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Siphonaliidae
family
Not linked to GBIF187extant47.8 Ma
Eocene
Scalariidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Serpulopsis
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Neritites
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct247 Ma
Early Triassic
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Gadinidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Chrysodomidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1797Gastropoda Cuvier
1855Stramonita petrosa Conrad pp. 17 - 18 figs. figs. 47 and 47a
1895Gastropoda Stanton p. 63
1897Lysechinus Gregory p. 1000
1897Lysechinus incongruens Gregory p. 1000 figs. Pl 51
1907Capulus sellardsi Beede p. 170 figs. Pl 7, figs 8-8f
1929Gryphellina Iredale p. 288
1936Beekmanoceras Ulrich and Foerste p. 264
1940Gryphellina sellardsi Newell p. 289 figs. Pl 1, figs 8-13
1943Beekmanoceras Ulrich et al.
1963Galeodea schencki Weaver and Kleinpell
1964Beekmanoceras Teichert et al. p. 360
1966Lysechinus Fell and Pawson p. U437
1976Gastropoda Givens and Kennedy p. 960
1980Gryphellina Vokes p. 61
YearName and Author
1984Gastropoda Squires p. 16
1987Gastropoda Popenoe et al. p. 75
1987Gastropoda Ward and Blackwelder p. 131
1988Gastropoda Squires p. 7
1989Gastropoda Shoshani et al. p. 435
1989Gastropoda Squires et al. p. 212
1998Gastropoda Barnes p. 268
1998Gastropoda Saul and Squires p. 466
2002Beekmanoceras Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Gastropoda Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Gryphellina Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Gastropoda Saul and Squires p. 444
2005Gastropoda Bouchet et al. p. 242
2006Gastropoda Giribet et al. p. 7724

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Stanton T. W. Contributions to the Cretaceous paleontology of the Pacific coast. : The fauna of the Knoxville, Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey 133, 1-132 doi:10.3133/b133
Beede J. W. (1907) Invertebrate paleontology of the Upper Permian Red Beds of Oklahoma and the panhandle of Texas, Kansas University Science Bulletin 4, 113-1171
Newell N. D. (1940) Invertebrate fauna of the late Permian Whitehorse Sandstone, Geological Society of America Bulletin 51, 261-335
Ulrich E. O., Foerste A. F., et al (1943) Ozarkian and Canadian cephalopods. Part II, Brevicones, Geological Society of America Special Papers 49, 1-240
Teichert C., Kummel B., et al (1964) Cephalopoda - general features - Endoceratoidea - Actinoceratoidea - Nautiloidea - Bactritoidea, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology K 3, 1-519
Fell H. B., Pawson D. L. (1966) Echinacea, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology,Part U Echinodermata 3. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press 2, U367-U440
Givens C. R., Kennedy M. P. (1976) Middle Eocene mollusks from northern San Diego County, California, Journal of Paleontology 50 5, 954-975
Vokes H. E. (1980) Genera of the Bivalvia: a systematic and bibliographic Catalogue, Genera of the Bivalvia: a systematic and bibliographic Catalogue
Squires R. L. (1984) Megapaleontology of the Eocene Llajas Formation, Simi Valley, California, Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 350, 1-76
Popenoe W. P., Saul L. R., et al (1987) Gyrodiform gastropods from the Pacific coast Cretaceous and Paleocene, Journal of Paleontology 61 1, 70-100
Ward L. W., Blackwelder B.W. (1987) Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene Mollusca from the James City and Chowan River Formations at Lee Creek Mine, Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 61, 113-283
Squires R. L. (1988) Eocene Macropaleontology of Northern Lockwood Valley, Ventura County, California, Contributions in Science (Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County) 398, 1-23
Shoshani J., Fisher D. C., et al (1989) The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan, Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 27 14, 393-436
Squires R. L., Zinsmeister W. J., et al (1989) Popenoeum, a New Pseudolivine Gastropod Genus: Widespread and Most Diversified during the Paleocene, Journal of Paleontology 63 2, 212-217
Saul L. R., Squires R. L. (1998) New Cretaceous Gastropoda from California, Palaeontology 41 3, 461-488
Saul L. R., Squires R. L. (2003) New Cretaceous cerithiform gastropods from the Pacific Slope of North America, Journal of Paleontology 77 3, 442-453 doi:10.1017/S0022336000044164
Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P, et al (2005) A nomenclator and classification of gastropod family-group names, Malacologia 47 1-2, 1-368
Giribet G., Okusu A., et al (2006) Evidence for a clade composed of molluscs with serially repeated structures: monoplacophorans are related to chitons, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 20, 7723-7728
CLECOM (2006) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
J.-P. Rocroi,P. Bouchet: Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families - via Terrestrial Slugs Web
Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al., 1998: Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed.. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Cuvier, G. 1795. Second Mémoire sur l'organisation et les rapports des animaux à sang blanc, dans lequel on traite de la structure des Mollusques et de leur division en ordre, lu à la société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, le 11 prairial an troisième [30 May 1795]. Magazin Encyclopédique, ou Journal des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts, 1795 [1. année] 2: 433-449. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Geiger D.L., Marshall B.A., Ponder W.F., Sasaki T. & Warén A. (2007) Techniques for collecting, handling, preparing, storing and examining small molluscan specimens. Molluscan Research 27(1): 1–50. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Vaught, K. C. / Abbott, Robert T. and Kenneth J. Boss, 1989: null. A classification of the living Mollusca. xii+195. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Bouchet, P., Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Ponder W.F. & Lindberg D.R. 1997. Towards a phylogeny of gastropod molluscs: an analysis using morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 119: 83-265. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Zapata, F.; Wilson, N. G.; Howison, M.; Andrade, S. C. S.; Jorger, K. M.; Schrodl, M.; Goetz, F. E.; Giribet, G.; Dunn, C. W. (2014). Phylogenomic analyses of deep gastropod relationships reject Orthogastropoda. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 281(1794): 20141739-20141739. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Cuvier, G. 1795. Second Mémoire sur l'organisation et les rapports des animaux à sang blanc, dans lequel on traite de la structure des Mollusques et de leur division en ordre, lu à la société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, le 11 prairial an troisième [30 May 1795]. Magazin Encyclopédique, ou Journal des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts, 1795 [1. année] 2: 433-449. - via World Register of Marine Species
Geiger D.L., Marshall B.A., Ponder W.F., Sasaki T. & Warén A. (2007) Techniques for collecting, handling, preparing, storing and examining small molluscan specimens. Molluscan Research 27(1): 1–50. - via World Register of Marine Species
Bouchet, P., Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. - via World Register of Marine Species
Ponder W.F. & Lindberg D.R. 1997. Towards a phylogeny of gastropod molluscs: an analysis using morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 119: 83-265. - via World Register of Marine Species
Zapata, F.; Wilson, N. G.; Howison, M.; Andrade, S. C. S.; Jorger, K. M.; Schrodl, M.; Goetz, F. E.; Giribet, G.; Dunn, C. W. (2014). Phylogenomic analyses of deep gastropod relationships reject Orthogastropoda. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 281(1794): 20141739-20141739. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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