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Mollusca

Description

Mollusca is the second-largest phylum of invertebrate animals after the arthropoda. The members are known as molluscs or mollusks. Around 85,000 extant species of molluscs are recognized. The number of fossil species is estimated between 60,000 and 100,000 additional species. The proportion of undescribed species is very high. Many taxa remain poorly studied.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)52https://www.gbif.org/species/52
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)7805https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=7805
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameMollusca
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)71,607
Extant Size (PBDB)10,173 (14%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Primary Reference (PBDB)C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824
Common Name(s) Molluscs, Mollusk, Mollusks
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mollusca

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Bivalvia
class
acceptedClam189,408541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Caudofoveata
class
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Cephalopoda
class
accepted92,182516 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Gastropoda
class
acceptedSnail148,261530 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Monoplacophora
class
accepted5541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Polyplacophora
class
acceptedChiton569501 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Scaphopoda
class
acceptedTusk Shell3,295461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Solenogastres
class
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Aldanellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ambonychidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anetshellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bipulvinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bransoniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bucanellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cambridiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Camerothecidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceratoconidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cliospiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coleolidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conocardiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Contractenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coreospiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cornulitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crassilinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclocyrtonellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dentiannulatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dicricoconidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diplothecidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dosiniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drahomiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eopteriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Globorilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gonionowakiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gotlandellitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Halkieriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helcionellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hippocardiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Homoctenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Igarkiellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ischyriniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Khairkhaniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kirengellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ladamarekiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Laminitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macluritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Multiannulatocyclitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Multifariidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nowakiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orthrozanclidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paranowakiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Patelliconidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pelagiellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peneauiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Persicithecidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polycylindritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Procarinariidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Procorniculinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protoconchoididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudobigaleaidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ribeiriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Romaniellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rossiitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rugaeconidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scenellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sektionitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphogonuchitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Solenomyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stenothecidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Striatostyliolinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Styliolinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Technophoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tentaculitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tremanotidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trenellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tropidodiscidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turmalitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Undacyclitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Undastriatostyliolinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Uniconidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Uniconocyclitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Uniconomorphitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Viriatellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Volynitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yochelcionellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acaenoplax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Achatinella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actaeon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinomya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Adranaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Adyshevitheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aganides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aldanolina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ambages
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ammonoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphoreopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anticalyptraea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Apedogyria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeonassa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arcoptera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arcularia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arhouriella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asterichnites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulichnites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Australiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Australohalkieria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baikalia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baroda
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Beukeria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Biligulitheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bisulcus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bittnerites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachypyrgulina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Braunsina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buccinatrix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calcar
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Capeloites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Capsella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carocolla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cassidea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Castalioides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Castellum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Celaenoteuthis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chaenodomus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Charmasseiceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chartronia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chromodoridella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cigclirina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cionella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cladophragmus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clathrolima
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clenchipoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clinotellina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coleoloides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corystos
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cosmogyria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Costatulites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cucullea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cultrigera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cycladella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cylophorus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtonybyoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dalliconcha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Darwinites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dechenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Defonticeras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Delawarella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dentiora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diploctenus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diptychoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discorbis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dissoroceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ectracheliza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ecuadorea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elymella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Emargimantus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Emericiceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Endoplocus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eodiplodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eogloborilus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eoischyrina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eoischyrinia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eonaias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Epalxites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Epihippopodium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Episphinctoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eucyclophorus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euechioceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurychasma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eustreptostyla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Expleritoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Florianites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Freia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fusinosteira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gastrochaenolites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geoteuthis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geyeria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Girvanolithes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Globispira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glyphioceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goldfussia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goniostropha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goodrichia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gunnellodus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gyrocerus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hadrodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haploscapha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Harpopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helicoconchus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helicter
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemicardia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemithersitea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hippopharangites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Huangshandogoconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hydracme
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyporbulites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Inflatatheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Insolitotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Isodonta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Itinsaites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Joleaudella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kalendyma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kanabiceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kanastephanus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kiliania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Klinoptera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Koninckioceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kygmaeoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Labrum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lacunodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leoniceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Limnothauma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lirator
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lyriopecten
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lyrula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Maceo
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macrogonaxis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mascaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megaleuxina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megalonoidea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megatylotus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Menkrawia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Merismoconcha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesembrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metacephalites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metaplectoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mimetostreon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Minymerisma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Modiodesma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mojsisovicsia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monophora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Naticina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neomecklenburgia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ningqiangethus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nordenskjoldia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Obliquarca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Obscurania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Odontobelus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oedania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Olivellites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophideroceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orbis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orchadoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ormathichnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orvillia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Otoclymenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachecdyceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachytypus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeanatina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoconchus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paracaloceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paracephalites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paramicrocornus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paraprolecanites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Patulina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pegasella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pelecoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pelecypodichnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pelekodites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaenomya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pharetrella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Philia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phragmostoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Physetomya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pinella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plesiopotamides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurechioceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plicolumna
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pliconaias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polyphemopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polytropis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Potamis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Preavicula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prodiplodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prolyncina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Promargarita
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prosodacna
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protacrioceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proteropiloceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protrete
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prozonarina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoeuchasma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudofossarus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudotechnophorus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudotrochalia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterodonta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptiloteuthis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptychoplasma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Punctaconchus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pycinodesma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyrula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Quadrochites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Radula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rectobelus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhamphopoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhinomelania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhiphaeites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhynchoteuthis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rostellites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saxitoniceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scalarinella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scalaturris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scalez
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schuchertites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scolymus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scutularia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Semicircularea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Shastites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinalbinula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Solandangella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Solariellopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Solenocurtus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sosiospira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spirodesmos
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spiroraphella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stenomphalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stimulitheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Strigites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Strobila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Subzebrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sulcatapex
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Systellomphalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tellinomya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Teratichnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Teredolites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetrastomella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thaanumia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tolmaia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trachomatichnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trechmannia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tribelopoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tridonta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trigonocoelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochifusus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Varigera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Velopecten
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vetulonaia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Virgatosphinctoides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Volutocristata
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vulsellopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Wyattia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xenohelix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xixiangethes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xystritheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yakounoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yangtzemerisma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anomiata taylorensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulachochiton praecursor
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacomys anderssoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cardiamorpha digglesi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Castoraphiceras lobatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clinopistha striata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta calvini
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta carinata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta carpenderi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta cataractensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta clintonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta creditensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta cuneiformis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta frobisherensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta hermitagensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta medialis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta nitida
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta obesa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta ovata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta perminuta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta regia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta retrorsa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta socialis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta subreniformis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta willsi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cunemya sulcodorsata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cypricardina fayettevillensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cypricardina moorefieldana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtorizocrinus minneapolis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diaphroceras avaense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diaphroceras buffaloense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diplodontia elatia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dufrenoya texana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eoqunnarites alaskaensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eostarte subcircularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ereminia dancei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ergona fallax
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euchasmiella delicatostriata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurhomalia antarctica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurhomalia carlosi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurhomalia florentinoi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurhomalia inflata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Evenoceras raymondi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Favarha colombi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fischerpiettius josephinae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Folmanella mainensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gasconoceras obesum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gasconoceras planiventrum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gaspercyrtoceras cooperi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gaspercyrtoceras telleri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gervilliopis emmonsi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hirasia diplomphalus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyolithes haywardensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyolithes heros
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyolithes journeaui
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kennecottia bifurcata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kennecottia rugosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lechritrocheras cinctutum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptodomus undulatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liopteria sawkinsi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liotarte paphia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Litschovitrigonia fitchi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lysonia mooreae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mccarthyites gracilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Modiola platinota
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Noctuidae perplexa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophidoceras wilmingtonense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeaneilo simplex
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeaneilo sulcata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaemoera dyskritos
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoniscus leidyiana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paleoceras undulatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paramussium astoriana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parastirpulina sohli
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parisocrinus herculi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentaramicrinus cuspidis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentaramicrinus demissa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Piteria waltonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Preanthochiton cooperi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Preanthochiton depressus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Preanthochiton productus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterinopetinella spinifera
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Quenstedticeras collieri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Quenstedticeras hoveyi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Quenstedticeras suspectum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rachidina festiva
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhacophylites alamitosensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhacophylites disputabile
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siberlingia sanctae-anae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tancrediopsis clarkei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trigoniocardium silvacollina
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Triptoceras indianense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vusella walleri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Sachitida
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF627extant541 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Odontogriphus
genus
Not linked to GBIF12extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Tergomya
class
Not linked to GBIF868extant541 Ma
Cambrian
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Helcionelloida
class
Not linked to GBIF1,672541 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Hemithecellitina
order
Not linked to GBIF3extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Acevina
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Actinoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Aculopileus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Acutirostriconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Aldanolina
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Algomella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Aviculocephaloconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Bagenoviella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Cambroscutum
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Centriconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Codonoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Crestoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Dysnoetopla
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Ebianella
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Eosoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Granoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Gutticonus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Hamatoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Huangshandongoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Kepinospira
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct479 Ma
Early Ordovician
468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Kraikchania
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Kuanchuanella
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Liantuoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Ligyrokala
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Mackenziella
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Makarakia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Merismoconcha
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Minymerisma
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Nothamusium
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Omalenlina
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Parascenella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Peotoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Pichynella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Porcaconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Proconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Pseudomatthevia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Scamboscamna
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Scenellopsis
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Shabaktiella
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Sichuanospira
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Sinuconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Songlingella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Spatuloconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Trunctoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Tuberoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Xilingxiaconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Xinnanospira
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Yangtzemerisma
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Rostroconchia
class
Not linked to GBIF851extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
252 Ma
Permian
Beroides
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Dingus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Kaschkadakia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Katunioides
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Sargaella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Stenothecella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Sulcocarina
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Paragastropoda
class
Not linked to GBIF122530 Ma
Cambrian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Aplacophora
class
Not linked to GBIF0
Dysmea
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extant7.25 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Stenothecoida
class
Not linked to GBIF44541 Ma
Cambrian
499 Ma
Cambrian
Laticonus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Huangshandogoconus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Polytropis
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Cyrtostoma
subphylum
Not linked to GBIF0
Khairkhaniiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Khairkhaniidae
family
Not linked to GBIF12extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Solandangella
genus
Not linked to GBIF1479 Ma
Early Ordovician
472 Ma
Early Ordovician
Conchula
genus
Not linked to GBIF0
Palaeacmaea
genus
Not linked to GBIF13extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
237 Ma
Middle Triassic
Diplacophora
class
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Acaenoplax
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct433 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Serialia
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF574extant541 Ma
Cambrian
Ladamarekiidae
family
Not linked to GBIF3extinct411 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Patelliconidae
family
Not linked to GBIF4extinct466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Tentaculita
class
Not linked to GBIF1,393extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
235 Ma
Late Triassic
Calyptoptomatida
order
Not linked to GBIF22extinct635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
485 Ma
Cambrian
Maikhanellidae
family
Not linked to GBIF137extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Corystos
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct507 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Conchifera
class
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Anisomyaria
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Bisulcus
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct201 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Aulacotrochus
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct191 Ma
Early Jurassic
183 Ma
Early Jurassic
Miozonites
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Protodrepanostoma
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extant

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Dipsus Gray, 1821GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Dipsus
Ernestia Florin, 1927GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Ernestia
Billingsia Ford, 1886GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Billingsia

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1758Mollusca Linnaeus
1846Chiton cottae Geinitz p. 389 figs. pl. 5, figs. 13-14
1861Chiton cottai Geinitz p. 55
1989Mollusca Shoshani et al. p. 435
1998Mollusca Zrzavy et al.
2002Mollusca Sepkoski, Jr.
2011Mollusca Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Mollusca Nielsen p. 140 figs. Fig. 23.1
2015Mollusca Laumer et al.

References

Linnaeus C. , Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1, 1-824 doi:10.5962/bhl.title.542
Geinitz H. B. Die animalischen ueberreste der Dyas, Dyas oder die Zechstein Formation und das Rothliegende, 1-130
Shoshani J., Fisher D. C., et al (1989) The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan, Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 27 14, 393-436
Zrzavy J., Mihulka S., et al (1998) Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence, Cladistics 14, 249-285
Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G., et al (2011) Higher-level metazoan relationships: recent progress and remaining questions, Organisms Diversity & Evolution 11 2, 151-172 doi:10.1007/s13127-011-0044-4
Nielsen C. (2012) Animal Evolution : Interrelationships of the Living Phyla, 1-402
Laumer C. E., Bekkouche N., et al (2015) Spiralian phylogeny informs the evolution of microscopic lineages, Current Biology 25 15, 2000-2006 doi:10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.068
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Alroy, J. (2015) Fossilworks. Gateway to the Paleobiology Database. Online: http://fossilworks.org - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Ponder W.F. & Lindberg D.R. (eds.) 2008. Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca. University of California Press, Berkeley, 488 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Ponder W.F. & Lindberg D.R. (eds.) 2008. Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca. University of California Press, Berkeley, 488 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
web search (AJR) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
web search (AJR) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al., 1998: Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed.. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Millard, V., 1997: null. Classification of Mollusca: A classification of world wide Mollusca. 1-544. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Gittenberger et al. (2004) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 1990: null. Invertebrates. xiii + 992. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
CLECOM (2006) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Vaught, K. C. / Abbott, Robert T. and Kenneth J. Boss, 1989: null. A classification of the living Mollusca. xii+195. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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