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Schuetteite

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About SchuetteiteHide

Formula:
Hg2+3(SO4)O2
Colour:
Canary-, orange- and brownish yellow
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
8.18
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after Curt Nicolaus Schuette (1895-1975), American mining engineer and geologist, who studied many mercury deposits.
Appears to form in two different ways, by action of sunlight and very small amounts of water on cinnabar and the reaction of sulfuric acid on native mercury (retorts, chimneys).


Classification of SchuetteiteHide

Approved
7.BB.40

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
30.1.13.1

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
25.5.17

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of SchuetteiteHide

Colour:
Canary-, orange- and brownish yellow
Hardness:
Density:
8.18 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SchuetteiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nε = 2.100
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of SchuetteiteHide

Formula:
Hg2+3(SO4)O2
IMA Formula:
Hg3O2(SO4)

Crystallography of SchuetteiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P31 2 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.0429(5) Å, c = 10.0166(7) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.422
Unit Cell V:
430.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Coatings, tiny hexagonal plates.
Comment:
Determined on synthetic material (Weil, 2001).

Type Occurrence of SchuetteiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 117725
Geological Setting of Type Material:
A recently formed secondary mineral in opalite [chalcedonic] mercury deposits, typically formed on cinnabar exposed to sunlight.

Other Language Names for SchuetteiteHide

German:Schuetteit
Russian:Шутеит
Simplified Chinese:汞矾
Spanish:Schuetteita
Traditional Chinese:汞礬

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Schuetteite associated with CinnabarHgS
2 photos of Schuetteite associated with PyriteFeS2
1 photo of Schuetteite associated with MercuryHg

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BB.05CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2OTet.
7.BB.10HauckiteFe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
7.BB.15AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.BB.20DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BB.25BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.BB.30VergasovaiteCu3(SO4)(MoO4,SO4)OOrth.
7.BB.35KlebelsbergiteSb4O4(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mm2
7.BB.45ParaotwayiteNi(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5xMon.
7.BB.50XocomecatliteCu3(TeO4)(OH)4Orth.
7.BB.55Pauflerite(V4+O)SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BB.60GrandviewiteCu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29Mon. 2 : P2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4Orth.
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.4KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.11GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.18Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Does not darken on exposure to light.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SchuetteiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bailey, E. H., Hildebrand, F. A., Christ, C. L., Fahey, J. J. (1959): Schuetteite, a new supergene mercury mineral. American Mineralogist 44, 1026-1038.
Weil, M. (2001): Schuetteite, Hg3(SO4)O2, a re-investigation. Acta Crystallographica E57, i98-i100.

Internet Links for SchuetteiteHide

Localities for SchuetteiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Russia
 
  • Tuva
    • Pi-Khem District
      • Uyuk Range
Pervukhina, N. V., & Romanenko, G. V. (1999). New Data On The Mercury Oxide-Chloride Mineral Poyarkovite: The Second Find, And Crystal. Structure Determination. Canadian Mineralogist 37:119-126; Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
        • Oorash-Khem River Valley
Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Pulpí
Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Almadén District
        • Almadén
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Ignacio Gaspar specimen
Reiner Mielke 2015
Jordi Fabre
        • Almadenejos
Sainz de Baranda Graf, B and Menor salvan, C. (2019) The Almadén mining district, Ciudad Real, Spain. The Mineralogical Record, 50 (1), 11-60.
USA
 
  • California
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Clayton
        • Mount Diablo (Mt Diablo)
Pampeyan, Earl Haig (1963), Geology and mineral deposits of Mount Diablo, Contra Costa County, California: California Division Mines & Geol., Special Report 80, 31 pp.: 24; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 332; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303.
    • Lake Co.
      • Sulphur Creek Mining District (Sulfur Creek Mining District; Wilbur Springs Mining District)
        • Clear Lake Oaks
American Mineralogist (1979): 64(3-4): 1026-1038; Bailey, Edgar H., et al (1959), Schuetteite, a new supergene mercury mineral: American Mineralogist: 44: 1026-1038; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303.
    • San Benito Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Goat Mountain
Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 337-363.
        • Picacho Peak
Collected by David Shannon in 1983.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History specimen YPM MIN 035267 (http://collections.peabody.yale.edu/search/Record/YPM-MIN-035267); http://www.lehighminerals.com/cgi-bin/dbase/views_record.cgi?dbase=/home/lmineral/public_html/cgi-bin/auctions/dbase/archive/05182007.txt&fielda=38&fieldb=37 ; http://www.dakotamatrix.com/mineralpedia/8132/schuetteite#!prettyPhoto
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Cambria-Oceanic Mining District
          • Cambria
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303; American Mineralogist: 64(3-4): 1026-1038.
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Ivanhoe Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Am Min 64:3-4 pp 1026-1038
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Fish Lake Valley Mining District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999 ; Am Min 64:3-4 pp 1026-1038
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
        • Elko
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Opalite Mining District
Gunnar Färber
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope Springs Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Goldbanks Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Oregon
    • Malheur Co.
      • Opalite Mining District (McDermitt Mining District)
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/schuetteite.pdf)
 
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