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Lycopodiopsida

Description

Lycopodiopsida is a class of herbaceous vascular plants known as lycopods, lycophytes or other terms including the component lyco-. Members of the class are called clubmosses, firmosses and quillworts. They have dichotomously branching stems bearing simple leaves called microphylls and reproduce by means of spores borne in sporangia on the sides of the stems at the bases of the leaves. Although living species are small, during the Carboniferous, extinct tree-like forms formed huge forests that dominated the landscape and contributed to coal deposits.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)245https://www.gbif.org/species/245
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Plantae : Tracheophyta : Lycopodiopsida
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Scientific NameLycopodiopsida
Common Name(s) Clubmoss
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycopodiopsida

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Isoetales
order
accepted318252 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Lycopodiales
order
accepted100279 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Selaginellales
order
accepted4365 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Archaeosigillariaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asteroxylaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Atasudendraceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Blasariaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caudatocarpaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclodendraceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclostigmaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclostigmataceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diaphorodendraceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diplotegiaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diploxylaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drepanophycaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eleutherophyllaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Flemingitaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haskinsiaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kladnostrobaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Knorripteridaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepidodendraceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepidosigillariaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptophloeaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Omphalophloiaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleuromeiaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protolepidodendraceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sigillariaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sigillariostrobaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spenceritaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sporangiostrobaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sublepidodendraceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tessellariaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Annalepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeosigillariopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eskdalia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Flemingites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Halonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lycopogenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lycostrobus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poacites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptilophyton
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scutellocladus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stemmatopteris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ursodendron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

References

Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via World Register of Marine Species
Mabberley, D.J. (2008) Mabberley's Plant-Book.: A portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Third edition, Cambridge University Press. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Ruggiero M, Gordon D, Bailly N, Kirk P, Nicolson D (2012) The Catalogue of Life Taxonomic Classification, Edition 2, Part A. In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 30th April 2012 (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Culham A., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Appeltans W., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D., eds). DVD; Species 2000: Reading, UK. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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