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Tetrapodomorpha

Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)Not linked to a GBIF record.
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)77135https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=77135
Ranksubclass (PBDB)
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Tetrapodomorpha
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapodomorpha
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Tetrapodomorphaunranked cladebelongs to Rhipidistiastated with evidenceAhlberg, 1991
Tetrapodomorphaunranked cladebelongs to Sarcopterygiistated without evidenceDaeschler et al., 2006
Tetrapodomorphaunranked cladebelongs to Dipnotetrapodomorphastated without evidenceLong, 2011
Tetrapodomorphaunranked cladebelongs to Sarcopterygiistated without evidenceLu et al., 2012
Tetrapodomorphasubclassbelongs to Dipnotetrapodomorphastated with evidenceBetancur-R et al., 2013
Tetrapodomorphasubclassbelongs to Sarcopterygiistated without evidenceZhu et al., 2017
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)46,442
Extant Size (PBDB)9,662 (21%)
First Recorded Appearance411 - 408 Ma
Early Devonian
Environmentmarine (based on Vertebrata)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Osteichthyes)
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. E. Ahlberg. 1991. A re-examination of sarcopterygian interrelationships, with special reference to the Porolepiformes. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 103(3):241-287

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Canowindridae
family
listed (PBDB)1388 Ma
Middle Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Elginerpetidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Elginerpetontidae
family
listed (PBDB)2383 Ma
Late Devonian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Ichthyostegidae
family
listed (PBDB)4372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Tulerpetidae
family
listed (PBDB)1365 Ma
Late Devonian
365 Ma
Late Devonian
Densignathus
genus
listed (PBDB)1365 Ma
Late Devonian
365 Ma
Late Devonian
Gogonasus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Hongyu
genus
listed (PBDB)1372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Hynerpeton
genus
listed (PBDB)1365 Ma
Late Devonian
365 Ma
Late Devonian
Jakubsonia
genus
listed (PBDB)1376 Ma
Late Devonian
376 Ma
Late Devonian
Kenichthys
genus
listed (PBDB)1393 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Livoniana
genus
listed (PBDB)1388 Ma
Middle Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Metaxygnathus
genus
listed (PBDB)1372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Sinostega
genus
listed (PBDB)1372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Spodichthys
genus
listed (PBDB)
Tungsenia
genus
listed (PBDB)1411 Ma
Early Devonian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Ventastega
genus
listed (PBDB)1372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Eotetrapodiformes
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)
Tetrapoda
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)Tetrapod182,553372 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1991Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg p. 280
2006Tetrapodomorpha Daeschler et al. p. 759
2011Tetrapodomorpha Long p. 244
2012Tetrapodomorpha Lu et al.
2013Tetrapodomorpha Betancur-R. et al.
2017Tetrapodomorpha Zhu et al.

References

Ahlberg P. E. (1991) A re-examination of sarcopterygian interrelationships, with special reference to the Porolepiformes, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 103 3, 241-287 doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1991.tb00905.x
Daeschler E. B., Shubin N. H., et al (2006) A Devonian tetrapod-like fish and the evolution of the tetrapod body plan, Nature 440, 757-763
Long J. A. (2011) , The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution (Second Edition), 1-287
Lu J., Zhu M., et al (2012) The earliest known stem-tetrapod from the Lower Devonian of China, Nature Communications 3 1160
Betancur-R. R., Broughton R. E., et al (2013) The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes, PLOS Currents Tree of Life doi:10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288
Zhu M., Ahlberg P. E., et al (2017) A Devonian tetrapod-like fish reveals substantial parallelism in stem tetrapod evolution, Nature 1, 1470-1476 doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0293-5
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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