SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置The Mineral Quiz
照片搜索Photo GalleriesSearch by Color今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography
BETA TEST - Fossil data and pages are very much experimental and under development. Please report any problems

Gnathostomata

Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)Not linked to a GBIF record.
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)67344https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=67344
Ranksuperclass (PBDB)
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Gnathostomata
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
Common Namejawed fish
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Gnathostomatasuperclassbelongs to Craniotastated with evidenceGadow, 1898
Gnathostomatasuperclassbelongs to Vertebratastated without evidenceSäve-Söderbergh, 1934
Gnathostomataunranked cladebelongs to Vertebratastated with evidenceDonoghue and Smith, 2001
Gnathostomatasuperclassbelongs to Vertebratastated without evidenceMeyer and Zardoya, 2003
Gnathostomatasuperclassbelongs to Craniatastated without evidenceLong, 2011
Gnathostomatasuperclassbelongs to Vertebratastated with evidenceRichter et al., 2017
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)59,029
Extant Size (PBDB)12,284 (21%)
First Recorded Appearance466 - 461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Environmentmarine (based on Vertebrata)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Chordata)
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)C. Gegenbauer. 1874. Grundriss der Vergleichenden Anatom

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Chondrichthyes
class
listed (PBDB)Cartilaginous Fish13,793466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Ichthyes
class
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Thelodonti
subclass
listed (PBDB)54443 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Lupopsyroides
genus
listed (PBDB)
Obtusacanthus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Plectrodus
genus
listed (PBDB)1419 Ma
Early Devonian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Qilinyu
genus
listed (PBDB)1427 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Chondrichthiomorphi
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)
Osteichthyes
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)Bony Fish197,813443 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Placodermiomorphi
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1874Gnathostomata Gegenbauer p. 408
1898Gnathostomata Gadow p. 5
1934Gnathostomata Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1999Gnathostomata Dineley and Metcalf p. 11
2001Gnathostomata Donoghue and Smith p. 18
2003Gnathostomata Meyer and Zardoya
2011Gnathostomata Long p. 241
2017Gnathostomata Richter et al. p. 110

References

Gegenbauer C. , Grundriss der Vergleichenden Anatom, 1-660
Gadow H. , A Classification of Vertebrata Recent and Extinct, xvii-82
Säve-Söderbergh G. (1934) Some points of view concerning the evolution of the Vertebrates and the classification of this group, Arkiv för Zoologi 26A 17, 1-20
Dineley D., Metcalf S. (1999) Chapter 1. British fossil fish and amphibian sites, Fossil Fishes of Great Britain, 1-29
Donoghue P. C. J., Smith M. P. (2001) The anatomy of Turinia pagei (Powrie), and the phylogenetic status of the Thelodonti, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 92, 15-37
Meyer A., Zardoya R. (2003) Recent advances in the (molecular) phylogeny of vertebrates, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 34, 311-338
Long J. A. (2011) , The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution (Second Edition), 1-287
Richter M., Bosetti E. P., et al (2017) Early Devonian (Late Emsian) shark fin remains (Chondrichthyes) from the Paraná Basin, southern Brazil, Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 89 1, 103-118
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.11.24 16:11:23 Page generated: 2020.5.9 19:12:33
Go to top of page