SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo GalleriesSearch by Color今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography
BETA TEST - Fossil data and pages are very much experimental and under development. Please report any problems

Bilateria

Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)Not linked to a GBIF record.
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)67103https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=67103
Rankunranked clade (PBDB)
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Bilateria
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Bilateriaunranked cladesubjective synonym of Triploblasticastated without evidenceZrzavy et al., 1998
Bilateriaunranked cladebelongs to Metazoastated without evidenceEdgecombe et al., 2011
Bilateriaunranked cladebelongs to Triploblasticastated without evidenceNielsen, 2012
Bilateriaunranked cladebelongs to Animaliastated with evidenceRuggiero et al., 2015
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)168,692
Extant Size (PBDB)25,368 (15%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. Zrzavy, S. Mihulka, and P. Kepka, A. Bezdek, D. Tietz. 1998. Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence. Cladistics 14:249-285

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Acoelomorpha
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Eubilateria
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)790,892635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
0 Ma
Extant

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
2011Bilateria Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Bilateria Nielsen p. 62 figs. Fig. 4.2
2015Bilateria Ruggiero et al. p. 40

References

Zrzavy J., Mihulka S., et al (1998) Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence, Cladistics 14, 249-285
Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G., et al (2011) Higher-level metazoan relationships: recent progress and remaining questions, Organisms Diversity & Evolution 11 2, 151-172 doi:10.1007/s13127-011-0044-4
Nielsen C. (2012) Animal Evolution : Interrelationships of the Living Phyla, 1-402
Ruggiero M. A., Gordon D. P., et al (2015) A higher level classification of all living organisms, PLoS One 10 4, e0119248 doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0119248
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.9.27 13:59:42 Page generated: 2020.5.2 16:47:05
Go to top of page