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Tetrapoda

Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)Not linked to a GBIF record.
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)53190https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=53190
Rankunranked clade (PBDB)
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Tetrapoda
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
Common Nametetrapod
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Tetrapodaunranked cladebelongs to Vertebratastated without evidenceJaekel, 1911
Tetrapodaunranked cladebelongs to Choanatastated with evidenceGardiner, 1982
Tetrapodaunranked cladebelongs to Tetrapodomorphastated with evidenceAhlberg, 1991
Tetrapodaunranked cladebelongs to Stegocephalistated with evidenceLaurin et al., 2000
Tetrapodaunranked cladebelongs to Dipnotetrapodomorphastated without evidenceLong, 2011
Tetrapodaunranked cladebelongs to Tetrapodomorphastated with evidenceClack et al., 2012
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)46,393
Extant Size (PBDB)9,661 (21%)
First Recorded Appearance372 - 359 Ma
Late Devonian
Environmentbrackish,freshwater,terrestrial (based on Tetrapoda)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Osteichthyes)
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)O. Jaekel. 1911. Die Wirbeltiere. Eine Übersicht über die Fossilen und Lebenden Formen [The Vertebrates. An Overview of the Fossil and Living Forms]

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Hemispondyla
class
listed (PBDB)
Miosauria
class
listed (PBDB)
Chroniosuchia
suborder
listed (PBDB)63272 Ma
Permian
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Baphetoidea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)32347 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Caerorhachidae
family
listed (PBDB)1326 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Colosteidae
family
listed (PBDB)16347 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Crassigyrinidae
family
listed (PBDB)5336 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Whatcheeriidae
family
listed (PBDB)4359 Ma
Late Devonian
339 Ma
Carboniferous
Allopus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Antlerpeton
genus
listed (PBDB)1347 Ma
Carboniferous
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Aytonerpeton
genus
listed (PBDB)1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Casineria
genus
listed (PBDB)1339 Ma
Carboniferous
339 Ma
Carboniferous
Characichnos
genus
listed (PBDB)4260 Ma
Permian
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Collettosaurus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Crucipes
genus
listed (PBDB)
Diploradus
genus
listed (PBDB)2359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Dipodiscus
genus
listed (PBDB)1199 Ma
Early Jurassic
199 Ma
Early Jurassic
Doragnathus
genus
listed (PBDB)5347 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Eldeceeon
genus
listed (PBDB)1347 Ma
Carboniferous
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Erpetopus
genus
listed (PBDB)3279 Ma
Permian
Janusichnus
genus
listed (PBDB)1260 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Kirktonecta
genus
listed (PBDB)1347 Ma
Carboniferous
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Koilops
genus
listed (PBDB)1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Laoporus
genus
listed (PBDB)2299 Ma
Carboniferous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Lunaepes
genus
listed (PBDB)1260 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Merifontichnus
genus
listed (PBDB)1260 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Mesanerpeton
genus
listed (PBDB)1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Microsauropus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Ossirarus
genus
listed (PBDB)1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Paleosauropus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Parmastega
genus
listed (PBDB)1372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Perittodus
genus
listed (PBDB)2359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Reniformichnus
genus
listed (PBDB)4251 Ma
Early Triassic
251 Ma
Early Triassic
Sigournea
genus
listed (PBDB)1339 Ma
Carboniferous
339 Ma
Carboniferous
Silvanerpeton
genus
listed (PBDB)2336 Ma
Carboniferous
336 Ma
Carboniferous
Solenodonsaurus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1311 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Steganoposaurus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1323 Ma
Carboniferous
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Tambachichnium
genus
listed (PBDB)1290 Ma
Permian
Tantallognathus
genus
listed (PBDB)1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Theriodesmus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Typopus
genus
listed (PBDB)4237 Ma
Middle Triassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Westlothiana
genus
listed (PBDB)1336 Ma
Carboniferous
336 Ma
Carboniferous
Amphibia
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
467343 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Reptiliomorpha
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)176,586326 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Temnospondyli
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)5,268372 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1870Nothosaurops occiduus Leidy p. 74
1873Nothosaurus occiduus Leidy p. 287
1884Polyptychodon mackesoni Owen pp. I, vii figs. pls 27-28
1902Nothosaurops occiduus Hay p. 457
1903Nothosaurops occiduus Williston p. 10
1911Tetrapoda Jaekel p. 15
1930Plesiosaurus vaccinsulensis Hay
1930Solidopus Moodie
1930Solidopus perissodactylus Moodie
1943Namuncurania malarguense Rusconi p. 2 fig. 1
1952Limnosceloides Romer pp. 88-92 figs. 10-12
1952Limnosceloides dunkardensis Romer pp. 88-92 figs. 10-12
1954Agadirichnus Ambroggi and Lapparent p. 44
1954Agadirichnus elegans Ambroggi and Lapparent p. 55 fig. 6
1966Limnosceloides Langston p. 691
YearName and Author
1966Limnosceloides brachycoles Langston p. 691 figs. 1-3
1967Romeriscus Baird and Carroll p. 57 figs. 1, 2B
1967Romeriscus periallus Baird and Carroll p. 57 figs. 1, 2B
1974Austrobrachyops Colbert and Cosgriff
1974Austrobrachyops jenseni Colbert and Cosgriff p. 5 figs. 1, 4, 5, 8, 12
1979Wangwusaurus Young
1979Wangwusaurus tayuensis Young
1982Tetrapoda Gardiner p. 228
1988Austrobrachyops Carroll
1988Limnosceloides Carroll
1988Romeriscus Carroll
1991Tetrapoda Ahlberg p. 280
2000Tetrapoda Laurin et al. p. 119 fig. 2b
2011Tetrapoda Long p. 244
2012Tetrapoda Clack et al. p. 74

References

Jaekel O. (1911) , Die Wirbeltiere. Eine Übersicht über die Fossilen und Lebenden Formen [The Vertebrates. An Overview of the Fossil and Living Forms], viii-252
Leidy J. Part I. Contributions to the extinct vertebrate fauna of the western territories, Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories 1, 1-358
Hay O. P. (1902) , Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey 179, 1-868
Williston S. W. (1903) North American plesiosaurs, part 1, Geological Series Field Museum of Natural History 3 1, 1-77
Rusconi C. (1943) Presencia de un plesiosaurio en Mendoza [Presence of a plesiosaur in Mendoza], Boletin Paleontológico de Buenos Aires 15, 1-4
Romer A. S. (1952) Late Pennsylvanian and Early Permian Vertebrates of the Pittsburgh-West Virginia Region, Annals of Carnegie Museum 33, 47-113
Ambroggi R., Lapparent A. F. d. (1954) Les empreintes de pas fossiles du Maestrichtien d'Agadir [The fossil footprints from the Maastrichtian of Agadir], Notes et Mémoires du Service Géologique du Maroc 124, 44-57
Langston W. (1966) Limnosceloides brachycoles (reptilia: Captorhinomorpha), a new species From the Lower Permian of New Mexico, Journal of Paleontology 40 3, 690-695
Baird D., Carroll R. L. (1967) Romeriscus, the Oldest known Reptile, Science 157, 56-59
Colbert E. H., Cosgriff J. W. (1974) Labyrinthodont amphibians from Antarctica, American Museum Novitates 2552, 1-30
Young C. C. (1979) A Late Permian fauna from Jiyuan, Henan, Vertebrata PalAsiatica 17 2, 99-113
Carroll R. L. (1988) , Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, 1-698
Ahlberg P. E. (1991) A re-examination of sarcopterygian interrelationships, with special reference to the Porolepiformes, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 103 3, 241-287 doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1991.tb00905.x
Laurin M., Girondot M., et al (2000) Early tetrapod evolution, Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15 3, 118-123
Long J. A. (2011) , The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution (Second Edition), 1-287
Clack J. A., Ahlberg P. E., et al (2012) A new genus of Devonian tetrapod from North-East Greenland, with new information on the lower jaw of Ichthyostega, Palaeontology 55 1, 73-86 doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01117.x
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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