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Osteichthyes

Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)Not linked to a GBIF record.
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)34881https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=34881
Rankunranked clade (PBDB)
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
classOsteichthyes
Common Namebony fish
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Osteichthyesclassbelongs to Vertebratastated with evidenceHuxley, 1880
Osteichthyesclassbelongs to Vertebratastated without evidenceGunnell, 1933
Osteichthyesclassbelongs to Gnathostomatastated with evidenceGardiner, 1982
Osteichthyesclassbelongs to Vertebratastated without evidenceShoshani et al., 1989
Osteichthyesclassbelongs to Gnathostomatastated without evidenceDineley and Metcalf, 1999
Osteichthyesclassbelongs to Chordatasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Osteichthyesclassbelongs to Gnathostomatastated with evidenceMeyer and Zardoya, 2003
Osteichthyesclassbelongs to Gnathostomatastated without evidenceJohanson et al., 2007
Osteichthyesunranked cladebelongs to Gnathostomatastated with evidenceLong, 2011
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)55,137
Extant Size (PBDB)11,887 (22%)
First Recorded Appearance443 - 439 Ma
Silurian
Environmentmarine (based on Vertebrata)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Osteichthyes)
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)T. H. Huxley. 1880. On the application of the laws of evolution to the arrangement of the Vertebrata, and more particularly of the Mammalia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, London 43:649-662

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Actinopterygii
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ray-finned Fish13,131388 Ma
Middle Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Hypostomata
class
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Malacostomata
class
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Teleostomata
class
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Aspidoganoidei
subclass
listed (PBDB)
Azygostei
subclass
listed (PBDB)
Dipneusta
subclass
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Placodermi
subclass
listed (PBDB)Armour-plated Fish91427 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Cephaloxeniformes
order
listed (PBDB)
Dipteriformes
order
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Ganoidei
order
listed (PBDB)8272 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Iniomi
order
listed (PBDB)4269 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Coregonidae
family
listed (PBDB)548.6 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Andreolepis
genus
listed (PBDB)5427 Ma
Silurian
421 Ma
Silurian
Argentinoideorum
genus
listed (PBDB)
Charitosaurus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Crenilepis
genus
listed (PBDB)2247 Ma
Early Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Cyclotomodon
genus
listed (PBDB)123.0 Ma
Miocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Lepidoleprus
genus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Lophosteus
genus
listed (PBDB)1423 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Merlangius
genus
listed (PBDB)128.1 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Nothosoma
genus
listed (PBDB)1201 Ma
Early Jurassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Otolithopsis
genus
listed (PBDB)
Percidarum
genus
listed (PBDB)947.8 Ma
Eocene
19.0 Ma
Miocene
Preophiodon
genus
listed (PBDB)
Ptilichnus
genus
listed (PBDB)4201 Ma
Early Jurassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Rhytiodus
genus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Tythonichthys
genus
listed (PBDB)138.0 Ma
Eocene
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Acanthodii
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)Spiny Fish55426 Ma
Silurian
260 Ma
Permian
Actinopterygii
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)Ray-finned Fish141388 Ma
Middle Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Sarcopterygii
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Lobe-finned Fish183,495443 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Teleostomi
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)44409 Ma
Early Devonian
0 Ma
Extant

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1758Pisces Linnaeus p. 12
1866Pisces Haeckel p. CXXI
1880Osteichthyes Huxley p. 662
1898Pisces Gadow p. 5
1899Pattonia Peach p. 115
1899Pattonia couttsi Peach p. 115 figs. Pl 4, figs 1-1e
1902Pisces Hay p. 338
1904Pisces Eastman p. 74
1911Pisces Jaekel pp. 17, 25
1933Osteichthyes Gunnell
YearName and Author
1969Pattonia Hoffman p. 578
1981Osteichthyes Thurmond and Jones p. 79
1982Osteichthyes Gardiner p. 228
1989Osteichthyes Shoshani et al. p. 435
1999Osteichthyes Dineley and Metcalf p. 11
2002Osteichthyes Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Osteichthyes Meyer and Zardoya
2007Osteichthyes Johanson et al.
2011Osteichthyes Long p. 242

References

Huxley T. H. On the application of the laws of evolution to the arrangement of the Vertebrata, and more particularly of the Mammalia, Proceedings of the Zoological Society, London 43, 649-662
Linnaeus C. , Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1, 1-824 doi:10.5962/bhl.title.542
Haeckel E. , Generelle Morphologie der Organismen, Allgemeine Grundzuge der Organischen Formen-Wissenschaft, Mechanisch Begründet Durch die von Charles Darwin Reformirte Descendez-Theorie. Verlag von Georg Reimer, Berlin, CLX-462
Gadow H. , A Classification of Vertebrata Recent and Extinct, xvii-82
Peach B. N. On some new myriapods from the Palaeozoic rocks of Scotland, Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh 14, 113-126
Hay O. P. (1902) , Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey 179, 1-868
Eastman C. R. (1904) Systematic Paleontology: Pisces, Maryland Geological Survey Miocene, Text, 71-93
Jaekel O. (1911) , Die Wirbeltiere. Eine Übersicht über die Fossilen und Lebenden Formen [The Vertebrates. An Overview of the Fossil and Living Forms], viii-252
Gunnell F. H. (1933) Conodonts and fish remains from the Cherokee, Kansas City, and Wabaunsee Groups of Missouri and Kansas, Journal of Paleontology 7 3, 261-297
Hoffman R. L. (1969) Myriapoda, exclusive of Insecta, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part 4, Arthropoda 4 2, 572-606
Thurmond J. T., Jones D. E. (1981) , Fossil Vertebrates of Alabama, 1-244
Shoshani J., Fisher D. C., et al (1989) The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan, Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 27 14, 393-436
Dineley D., Metcalf S. (1999) Chapter 1. British fossil fish and amphibian sites, Fossil Fishes of Great Britain, 1-29
Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Meyer A., Zardoya R. (2003) Recent advances in the (molecular) phylogeny of vertebrates, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 34, 311-338
Johanson Z., Long J. A., et al (2007) New onychodontiform (Osteichthyes; Sarcopterygii) from the Lower Devonian of Victoria, Australia, Journal of Paleontology 81 5, 1031-1053
Long J. A. (2011) , The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution (Second Edition), 1-287
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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