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Miltha

Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)Not linked to a GBIF record.
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)17916https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=17916
Rankgenus (PBDB)
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lucinida : Lucinidae : Miltha
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
classBivalviaLinnaeus 1758
-EubivalviaCarter 2011
subclassAutobranchia
infraclassHeteroconchia
-CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
-CardioniFerussac 1822
-LucinidiaGray 1854
orderLucinida
superfamilyLucinoideaFleming 1828
familyLucinidaeFleming 1828
genusMiltha(Adams and Adams 1857)
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Milthasubgenusbelongs to Phacoidesstated with evidenceDall, 1903
Milthasubgenusbelongs to Lucinastated with evidenceMartin, 1922
Milthagenusbelongs to Lucinidaestated without evidenceWoodring, 1925
Milthagenusmisspelling of Milthastated without evidenceVokes, 1969
Milthagenusbelongs to Lucinidaestated with evidenceMalumian et al., 1978
Milthagenusbelongs to Milthinaestated with evidenceVokes, 1980
Milthagenusbelongs to Milthinaestated without evidenceSquires, 1987
Milthagenusbelongs to Lucinidaestated with evidenceBeu et al., 1990
Milthagenusbelongs to Veneroidasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Milthagenusbelongs to Milthinaestated without evidenceBouchet et al., 2010
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)23
Extant Size (PBDB)5 (22%)
First Recorded Appearance145 - 140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Motilityfacultatively mobile (based on Lucinidae)
Visionblind (based on Bivalvia)
Dietchemosymbiotic (based on Lucinidae)
Taphonomyaragonite (based on Lucinidae)
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Miltha (Matanziella)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)523.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Miltha (Miltha)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)8466.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Lucina (Miltha) contorta
species
listed (PBDB)
Lucina (Miltha) hetzeli
species
listed (PBDB)111.6 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Miltha childreni
species
listed (PBDB)123.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Miltha chipolana
species
listed (PBDB)3548.6 Ma
Eocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Miltha claibornensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
747.8 Ma
Eocene
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Miltha hamptonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
12.59 Ma
Pleistocene
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Miltha hillsboroensis
species
listed (PBDB)1533.9 Ma
Oligocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Miltha inflata
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
156.0 Ma
Paleocene
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Miltha merangiana
species
listed (PBDB)116.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Miltha packi
species
listed (PBDB)1056.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Miltha pandata
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
447.8 Ma
Eocene
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Miltha parsonsi
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
159.2 Ma
Paleocene
59.2 Ma
Paleocene
Phacoides (Miltha) hernandoensis
species
listed (PBDB)433.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1857Lucina (Miltha) Adams and Adams p. 468
1903Phacoides (Miltha) Dall
1922Lucina (Miltha) Martin p. 489
1925Miltha Woodring p. 115
1969Miltha Vokes p. 95
1978Miltha Malumian et al. p. 276
YearName and Author
1980Miltha Vokes p. 103
1983Miltha Vokes p. 135
1987Miltha Squires p. 59
1990Miltha Beu et al. p. 396
2002Miltha Sepkoski, Jr.
2010Miltha Bouchet et al.

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Woodring W. P. (1925) Miocene Molluscs from Bowden, Jamaica. Part 1: Pelecypods and Scaphopods, Contributions to the Geology and Palaeontology of the West Indies
Vokes H. E. (1969) Observations on the genus Miltha (Mollusca: Bivalvia) with notes on the type and the Florida Neogene species, Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology 7 3, 93-126
Malumian N., Camacho H. H., et al (1978) Molluscos del Terciario Inferior ("Magallanense") de la Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (Republica Argentina), Ameghiniana 15 3-4, 265-284
Vokes H. E. (1980) Genera of the Bivalvia: a systematic and bibliographic Catalogue, Genera of the Bivalvia: a systematic and bibliographic Catalogue
Vokes H. E. (1983) On the occurrence of Miltha (Eomiltha) megameris (Dall) in the Dominican Republic, Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology 17 3-4, 135-138
Squires R. L. (1987) Eocene molluscan paleontology of the Whitaker Peak area, Los Angeles and Ventura counties, California, Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 388, 1-93
Beu A. G., Maxwell P.A., et al (1990) Cenozoic Mollusca of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin 58
Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P., et al (2010) Nomenclator of Bivalve Families with a Classification of Bivalve Families, Malacologia 52 2, 1-184 doi:10.4002/040.052.0201
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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