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Corynexochida ✝

Description

Corynexochida is an order of trilobite that lived from the Lower Cambrian to the Late Devonian. Like many of the other trilobite orders, Corynexochida contains many species with widespread characteristics.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)9556384https://www.gbif.org/species/9556384
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)19472https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=19472
Rankorder
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Trilobita : Corynexochida
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Ecdysozoa
-Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
classTrilobitaWalch 1771
orderCorynexochidaKobayashi 1935
Scientific NameCorynexochida
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Corynexochidaorderbelongs to Trilobitastated without evidenceBengtson, 1992
Corynexochidaorderbelongs to Trilobitasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Corynexochidaorderbelongs to Trilobitastated without evidenceSundberg and McCollum, 2003
Corynexochidaorderbelongs to Trilobitastated with evidenceAdrain, 2011
Status (PBDB)extinct
Taxon Size (PBDB)979
First Recorded Appearance541 - 516 Ma
Cambrian
Last Recorded Appearance380 - 372 Ma
Late Devonian
Environmentmarine (based on Trilobita)
Motilityactively mobile
Dietcarnivore
Ontogenymolting,addition of parts (based on Trilobita)
Ecospace CommentsLIFE HISTORY: Surficial, fully motile fast, carnivore according to Bambach et al (2007)
JA: also carnivorous according to Fortey and Owens 1999
Taphonomylow Mg calcite, chitin (based on Trilobita)
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corynexochida

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Corynexochina
suborder
listed (PBDB)2,005541 Ma
Cambrian
497 Ma
Cambrian
Illaenina
suborder
listed (PBDB)132513 Ma
Cambrian
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Leiostegiina
suborder
listed (PBDB)137505 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Corynexochidacea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)
Corynexochoidea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)
Illaenoidea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)1466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Amgaspidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Amgaspididae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Cheilocephalidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
105513 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Cheiruroideidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cheiruroididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chenghuiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chengkouiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
14520 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Corynexochidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
140530 Ma
Cambrian
497 Ma
Cambrian
Dinesidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
70520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Dolichometopidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
428520 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Dorypygidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
552541 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Edelsteinaspididae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
34541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Illaenidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,502488 Ma
Cambrian
423 Ma
Silurian
Illaenuridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
79501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Jakutidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Kaolishaniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
55505 Ma
Cambrian
494 Ma
Cambrian
Lecanopygidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leiostegiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
427505 Ma
Cambrian
453 Ma
Late Ordovician
Longduiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ogygopsidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ordosiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9513 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Oryctocephalidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
397541 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Pagodiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Panderiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
114485 Ma
Cambrian
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Phillipsinellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Scutelluidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
43443 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Shirakiellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3501 Ma
Cambrian
499 Ma
Cambrian
Styginidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
851485 Ma
Cambrian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Tsinaniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
17513 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Zacanthoididae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
363541 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Acontheus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Altaepeltis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Amginoerbia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Amphotonella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Asperocare
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ataktaspis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Babakovia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Balangia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bathyuriscopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bienella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Blandiaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Boreoscutellum
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Brylyella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bubupeltina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chengkouia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chienaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chilometopus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chilonorria
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Cholopilus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chondagraulos
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chondrinouyina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chuangiopsis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chuchiaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Dictyella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Dictyites
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Elankaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Emsurella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Eoscutellum
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Evansaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Exastipyx
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ezhuangia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Girandia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Granularapis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Hanburia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemikaolishania
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Holteria
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Hunnanocephalus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Iranaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ithycephalus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Kassinius
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Kobayashipeltis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Kooteniellina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Kotisopeltis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Lenaspis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Linguchuangia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Liokootenia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Majiangia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Megalisania
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Mendospidella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Metakootenia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Micmaccopsis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Neochilonorria
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Nodiceps
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Notasaphus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Olenoidestranans
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ordosia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Orria
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Orriella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oryctocare
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Panxinella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Paralevisia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Paralisaniella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Paraolenoides
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Perischodory
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plethopeltella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Popigaia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Prokootenia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Prosymphysurus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Prouktaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Pseudolancastria
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sinijanella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tabatopygellina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tarynaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tingocephalus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tolanaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tollaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Uktaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Unicapeltis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Uraloscutellum
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Xuigiella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1935Corynexochida Kobayashi
1992Corynexochida Bengtson p. 1023
1997Corynexochida Sundberg and McCollum p. 1071
2002Corynexochida Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Corynexochida Sundberg and McCollum p. 337
2008Corynexochida Landing et al. p. 896
2011Corynexochida Adrain p. 105

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Bengtson S. (1992) Proterozoic and earliest Cambrian skeletal metazoans, The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study, 1017-1034
Sundberg F. A., McCollum L. B. (1997) Oryctocephalids (Corynexochida: Trilobita) of the Lower-Middle Cambrian boundary interval from California and Nevada, Journal of Paleontology 77 6, 1065-1090
Sundberg F. A., McCollum L.B. (2003) Trilobites of the lower Middle Cambrian Poliella denticulata biozone (new) of southeastern Nevada, Journal of Paleontology 77 2, 331-359
Landing E., Johnson S. C., et al (2008) Faunas and Cambrian volcanism on the Avalonian marginal platform, southern New Brunswick, Journal of Paleontology 82 5, 884-905
Adrain J. M. (2011) Class Trilobita Walch, 1771, Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness 3148, 104-109
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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