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Pectinida

Description

Pectinida is a taxonomic order of large and medium-sized saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs, commonly known as scallops and their allies. It is believed that they began evolutionarily in the late Middle Ordovician epoch; many species, of course, are still extant.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)9250425https://www.gbif.org/species/9250425
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)244109https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=244109
Rankorder
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
classBivalviaLinnaeus 1758
-EubivalviaCarter 2011
subclassAutobranchia
infraclassPteriomorphia
-OstreomorphiFerussac 1822
-OstreioniFerussac 1822
-OstreataFerussac 1822
superorderOstreiformiiFerussac 1822
orderPectinida(Gray 1854)
Common Namescallop
Scientific NamePectinida
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Pectinidaorderbelongs to Bivalviastated without evidenceKotlyar et al., 2004
Pectinidaorderbelongs to Pteriomorphiastated with evidenceBieler and Mikkelsen, 2006
Pectinidaorderbelongs to Eupteriomorphiastated without evidenceHikuroa and Grant-Mackie, 2008
Pectinidaorderbelongs to Pteriomorphiastated without evidenceScholz et al., 2008
Pectinidaorderbelongs to AutobranchiaimpliedNevesskaja, 2009
Pectinidaorderbelongs to Pteriomorphiastated without evidenceBouchet et al., 2010
Pectinidaorderbelongs to Ostreiformiistated with evidenceCarter et al., 2011
Pectinidaorderbelongs to Autobranchiastated without evidenceBeu and Taviani, 2013
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)3,304
Extant Size (PBDB)460 (14%)
First Recorded Appearance443 - 433 Ma
Silurian
Environmentmarine
Motilitystationary
Visionblind (based on Bivalvia)
Dietsuspension feeder
Taphonomylow Mg calcite, aragonite
Primary Reference (PBDB)G. V. Kotlyar, Y. D. Zakharov, and I. V. Polubotko. 2004. Late Changhsingian fauna of the northwestern Caucasus Mountains, Russia. Journal of Paleontology 78(3):513-527
Common Name(s) Scallop
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pectinida

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Anomiidina
suborder
listed (PBDB)16,948443 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Aviculopectinidina
suborder
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Entoliidina
suborder
listed (PBDB)1,330365 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Pectinidina
suborder
listed (PBDB)15,080372 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Prospondyloidina
suborder
listed (PBDB)316247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Aulacomyelloidea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)
Halobioidea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)
Leiopectinoidea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)8443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Monotoidea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)
Acanthopectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Annuliconchidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
66336 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Anomiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2,194318 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Antijaniridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Aviculopectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
993408 Ma
Early Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Buchiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,081251 Ma
Early Triassic
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cassianoididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaenocardiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
219443 Ma
Silurian
260 Ma
Permian
Claraiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
92252 Ma
Permian
161 Ma
Jurassic
Cyclochlamydidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cyrtorostridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Deltopectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
628372 Ma
Late Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Dimyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
316247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Dolponellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9254 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Entoliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
661365 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Entolioidesidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
21247 Ma
Early Triassic
197 Ma
Early Jurassic
Entolioididae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
73212 Ma
Late Triassic
174 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Etheripectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Euchondriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
135365 Ma
Late Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Eurydesmatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1296 Ma
Permian
296 Ma
Permian
Heteropectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,093365 Ma
Late Devonian
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Hunanopectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
596304 Ma
Carboniferous
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Leptochondriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Limatulinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9336 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Limipectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
172365 Ma
Late Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Manticulidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Monotidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
411265 Ma
Permian
149 Ma
Late Jurassic
Natalissimidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Neitheidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
666201 Ma
Early Jurassic
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Ornithopectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Oxytomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,024272 Ma
Permian
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Scallop12,009359 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Permanomiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
15279 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Pernopectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Placunidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4023.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pleuronectitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Plicatulidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,393247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Propeamussiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Mud Scallop513242 Ma
Middle Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Prospondylidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
58260 Ma
Permian
199 Ma
Early Jurassic
Pseudomonotidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
411339 Ma
Carboniferous
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pterinopectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,489441 Ma
Silurian
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Saharopteriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1347 Ma
Carboniferous
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Spondylidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
880251 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Streblochondriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
265372 Ma
Late Devonian
251 Ma
Early Triassic
Tosapectinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chironopecten
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Huncalotis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1151 Ma
Late Jurassic
151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Paleowaagia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
17299 Ma
Carboniferous
265 Ma
Permian
Parapecten
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Pteropiria
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4199 Ma
Early Jurassic
199 Ma
Early Jurassic
Streblopterinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
8251 Ma
Early Triassic
251 Ma
Early Triassic

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1854Pectinoida Gray
1980Anshunopecten quadratus Xu p. 18
1980Anshunopecten Xu and Chang p. 4
1980Anshunopecten alternatoplicatus Xu and Chang p. 4
1980Anshunopecten spinosus Xu and Chang p. 4
2002Anshunopecten Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Pectinoida Kotlyar et al. p. 524
2006Pectinoida Bieler and Mikkelsen p. 230
YearName and Author
2008Pectinoida Hikuroa and Grant-Mackie
2008Pectinoida Scholz et al.
2009Pectinoida Nevesskaja
2010Pectinida Bouchet et al.
2011Pectinida Carter et al. p. 9
2012Kolymopecten Biakov
2013Pectinida Beu and Taviani p. 7

References

Kotlyar G. V., Zakharov Y. D., et al (2004) Late Changhsingian fauna of the northwestern Caucasus Mountains, Russia, Journal of Paleontology 78 3, 513-527
Xu J. T., Chang A. (1980) Nomina nuda, Late Permian Stratigraphy and Fossils in Western Guizhou and Eastern Yunnan
Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Bieler R., Mikkelsen P. M. (2006) Bivalvia - a look at the branches, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 148, 223-235
Hikuroa D., Grant-Mackie J. (2008) New species of Late Jurassic Australobuchia (Bivalvia) from the Murihiku Terrane, Port Waikato-Kawhia region, New Zealand, Alcheringa 32, 73-98
Scholz A., Aberhan M., et al (2008) Early Jurassic bivalves of the Antimonio terrane (Sonora, NW Mexico): Taxonomy, biogeography, and paleogeographic implications, Geological Society of America Special Paper 442, 269-312
Nevesskaja L. A. (2009) Principles of Systematics and the System of Bivalves, Paleontological Journal 43 1, 1-11 doi:10.1134/S0031030109010018
Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P., et al (2010) Nomenclator of Bivalve Families with a Classification of Bivalve Families, Malacologia 52 2, 1-184 doi:10.4002/040.052.0201
Carter J. G., Altaba C. R., et al (2011) A Synoptical Classification of the Bivalvia (Mollusca), University of Kansas Paleontological Institute Paleontological Contributions 4, 1-47
Beu A., Taviani M. (2013) Early Miocene Mollusca from McMurdo Sound, Antarctica (ANDRILL 2A drill core), with a review of Antarctic Oligocene and Neogene Pectinidae (Bivalvia), Palaeontology 56 6, 1-44 doi:10.1111/pala.12067
Bieler, R.; Mikkelsen, P. M.; Collins, T. M.; Glover, E. A.; González, V. L.; Graf, D. L.; Harper, E. M.; Healy, J.; Kawauchi, G. Y.; Sharma, P. P.; Staubach, S.; Strong, E. E.; Taylor, J. D.; Tëmkin, I.; Zardus, J. D.; Clark, S.; Guzmán, A.; McIntyre, E.; Sharp, P.; Giribet, G. (2014). Investigating the Bivalve Tree of Life – an exemplar-based approach combining molecular and novel morphological characters. Invertebrate Systematics. 28(1): 32-115. - via World Register of Marine Species
Bieler R., Carter J.G. & Coan E.V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. Malacologia 52(2): 1-184. - via World Register of Marine Species
WoRMS (2016) Accessed through World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Lemer S., González V.L., Bieler, R. Giribet, G. (2016). Cementing mussels to oysters in the pteriomorphian tree: a phylogenomic approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society B (Biological Sciences). 283: 20160857. - via World Register of Marine Species
Bieler, R.; Mikkelsen, P. M.; Collins, T. M.; Glover, E. A.; González, V. L.; Graf, D. L.; Harper, E. M.; Healy, J.; Kawauchi, G. Y.; Sharma, P. P.; Staubach, S.; Strong, E. E.; Taylor, J. D.; Tëmkin, I.; Zardus, J. D.; Clark, S.; Guzmán, A.; McIntyre, E.; Sharp, P.; Giribet, G. (2014). Investigating the Bivalve Tree of Life – an exemplar-based approach combining molecular and novel morphological characters. Invertebrate Systematics. 28(1): 32-115. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Bieler R., Carter J.G. & Coan E.V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. Malacologia 52(2): 1-184. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Lemer S., González V.L., Bieler, R. Giribet, G. (2016). Cementing mussels to oysters in the pteriomorphian tree: a phylogenomic approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society B (Biological Sciences). 283: 20160857. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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