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Miliolida

Description

The Miliolida are an order of foraminifera with calcareous, porcelacous tests that are imperforate and commonly have a pseudochitinous lining. Tests are composed of randomly oriented calcite needles that have a high proportion of magnesium along with organic material. Tests lack pores and generally have multiple chambers.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)8238441https://www.gbif.org/species/8238441
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)256604https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=256604
Rankorder
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Foraminferea : Miliolida
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
classForaminfereaLee 1990
orderMiliolidaLankester 1885
Scientific NameMiliolida
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Miliolidaorderbelongs to Foraminfereastated without evidenceGale et al., 2012
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)473
Extant Size (PBDB)243 (51%)
First Recorded Appearance359 - 354 Ma
Paleozoic
Primary Reference (PBDB)L. Gale, R. Rettori, and R. Martini, A. Kastelic, J. Praprotnik, M. Jamnik, A. Smuc, B. Rozic. 2012. Miliolipora species (Foraminifera, Miliolina) from the Rhaetian Dachstein Limestone of Karavanke Mts (Slovenia); palaeoecological and palaeobiogeographic implications. Revue de Micropaleontologie 55:99-112
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miliolida

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Miliolina
suborder
listed (PBDB)3,600359 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Alveolinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Austrotrillinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Baisalinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cornuspiridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
792359 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Cribrolinoididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Discospirinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fabulariidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Falsotubinellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fischerinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Globoreticulinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hauerinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemigordiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemigordiopsidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
268299 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Keramosphaeridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Meandropsinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Meandrospiridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Miliamminidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Miliolechinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Miliolidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
739345 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Milioliporidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Myriastylidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neodiscidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nubeculariidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ophthalmidiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Peneroplidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhapydioninidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Riveroinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Silicoloculinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Siphonoferidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Soritidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
264101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Spiroloculinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Squamulinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tubinellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Zoyaellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mandanites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sinoloculina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pyrulina acuminata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1885Miliolida Lankester
2012Miliolida Gale et al. p. 105

References

Gale L., Rettori R., et al (2012) Miliolipora species (Foraminifera, Miliolina) from the Rhaetian Dachstein Limestone of Karavanke Mts (Slovenia); palaeoecological and palaeobiogeographic implications, Revue de Micropaleontologie 55, 99-112
The Taxonomicon - via World Register of Marine Species
Pawlowski, J.; Holzmann, M.; Tyszka, J. (2013). New supraordinal classification of Foraminifera: Molecules meet morphology. Marine Micropaleontology. 100: 1-10. - via World Register of Marine Species
Loeblich, A. R.; Tappan, H. (1987). Foraminiferal Genera and their Classification. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York. 970pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
WoRMS (2013) Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.eu/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Polovodova Asteman, I. (2013) Benthic foraminifera from Gullmar Fjord (Alsbäck). 2 excel files: Forams_for LIFEWATCH_2013-02-21 v2 WORMS-checked again.xlsx; Forams_for LIFEWATCH_2013-02-21 v2.xlsx - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
WoRMS (Mar 2013) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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