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Lithobiomorpha

Description

Centipedes (from the New Latin prefix centi-, "hundred", and the Latin word pes, pedis, "foot") are predatory arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes millipedes and other multi-legged creatures. Centipedes are elongated metameric creatures with one pair of legs per body segment. Most centipedes are generally venomous and could inflict a painful bite, injecting their venom through pincer-like appendage known as forcipules. Despite the name, centipedes can have a varying number of legs, ranging from 30 to 354. Centipedes always have an odd number of pairs of legs. Therefore, no centipede has exactly 100 legs. Similar to spiders and scorpions, centipedes are predominantly carnivorous.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)807https://www.gbif.org/species/807
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)290416https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=290416
Rankorder
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Chilopoda : Lithobiomorpha
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
classMyriapodaLatreille 1802
classChilopoda(Latreille 1817)
Pleurostigmophora
orderLithobiomorpha
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameLithobiomorpha
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)11
Extant Size (PBDB)3 (27%)
First Recorded Appearance99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Motilityactively mobile (based on Arthropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)G. D. Edgecombe and G. Giribet. 2007. Evolutionary biology of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda). Annual Reviews of Entomology 52:151-170
Common Name(s) Stenkrypare, Steinläufer, Lithobiomorphs, Stone Centipedes, イシムカデ
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithobiomorpha

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Ethopolyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Henicopidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lithobiidae
family
accepted938.0 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Exocera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amalobius inkayanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archithopolys gosobius
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archithopolys kaibabanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Guunibius hesperus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lanobius paucis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lib intermissus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lignobius fumans
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Malayobius vians
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mulaikobius simplex
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nachobius lobophus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Teneripolys mexicanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turcobius andrethus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turcobius annexus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turcobius sogukolukas
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Type errantus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Verobius crucis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1969Lithobiida Hoffman p. 603
2007Lithobiomorpha Edgecombe and Giribet

References

Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G. (2007) Evolutionary biology of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda), Annual Reviews of Entomology 52, 151-170
Hoffman R. L. (1969) Myriapoda, exclusive of Insecta, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part 4, Arthropoda 4 2, 572-606
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Andersson, Meidell, A, Scheller, Winqvist, Osterkamp Madsen, Djursvoll, Budd & Gärdenfors (2005) Nationalnyckeln till Sveriges flora och fauna. Mångfotingar. Myriapoda. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Bonato, L., G. D. Edgecombe, and M. Zapparoli / Minelli, A., ed., 2011: Chilopoda - Taxonomic overview. Treatise on Zoology - The Myriapoda, vol. 1. 363-443. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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