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Bacillariophyceae

Description

Diatoms (diá-tom-os 'cut in half', from diá, 'through' or 'apart'; and the root of tém-n-ō, 'I cut'.) are a major group of algae, specifically microalgae, found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world. Living diatoms makeup a significant portion of the Earth's biomass: they generate about 20 percent of the oxygen produced on the planet each year, take in over 6.7 billion metric tons of silicon each year from the waters in which they live, and contribute nearly half of the organic material found in the oceans. The shells of dead diatoms can reach as much as a half-mile (800m) deep on the ocean floor, and the entire Amazon basin is fertilized annually by 27 million tons of diatom shell dust transported by east-to-west (easterly) transatlantic winds from the bed of a dried up lake once covering much of the African Sahara.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)7947184https://www.gbif.org/species/7947184
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)69587https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=69587
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Chromista : Ochrophyta : Bacillariophyceae
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Bacillariophyceae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomProtistaHaeckel 1866
Chrysophyta
classBacillariophyceaeHaeckel 1878
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameBacillariophyceae
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)7
Extant Size (PBDB)1 (14%)
First Recorded Appearance83.6 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Environmentmarine,brackish,freshwater
Dietphotoautotroph
Taphonomysilica
Primary Reference (PBDB)C. Cervato. 2005. personal opinion.
Common Name(s) Diatoms, Featherlike Diatoms, Diatom
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacillariophyceae

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Achnanthales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anaulales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arachnoidiscales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ardissoneales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asterolamprales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacoseirales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bacillariales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Biddulphiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Centrales
order
accepted39483.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Chaetocerales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chaetocerotales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chrysanthemodiscales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Climacospheniales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corethrales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coscinodiscales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclophorales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cymatosirales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cymbellales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dictyoneidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ethmodiscales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eunotiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fragilariales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemiaulales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptocylindrales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Licmophorales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lithodesmiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lyrellales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mastogloiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melosirales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Naviculales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orthoseirales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paraliales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protoraphidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabdonematales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhaphoneidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhaponeidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhizosoleniales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhopalodiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stictocycales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stictocyclales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stictodiscales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Striatellales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Surirellales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tabellariales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thalassionematales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thalassiophysales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thalassiosirales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Toxariales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Triceratiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arcanodiscaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diatomaceae
family
accepted0
Disciferiaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nitzschiaveae
family
accepted0
Achnanthepyla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinodictyon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinogonium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinogramma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinoneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinophaenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinostephanos
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aggericorona
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alloioneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amblypyrgus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphidiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphipentas
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphitrite
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphitropis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphoropsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ancylopyrgus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anisodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Annellus
genus
accepted123.0 Ma
Miocene
13.8 Ma
Miocene
Annularius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthemodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Apterosoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaegladiopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaegoniothecium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archepyrgus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ardissonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aristella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arthrogyra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asterodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Astrosyne
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Auriculopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bactryllium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baculites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Balanosa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baxteria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Belonidium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Biblarium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bilingua
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bogorovia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bolewskia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bonea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Botellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachybaculites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brasiliella
genus
accepted0
Brunia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bruniopsis
genus
accepted0
Calcothrix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Callimastogloia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calyptosporium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Campylostylus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Capsula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carrodoria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Castracania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cavitatus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Centroporus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceratodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Charcotia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chasea
genus
accepted2883.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Cheloniodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chuniella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cladogramma
genus
accepted483.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Cladomphalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clavicula
genus
accepted247.8 Ma
Eocene
13.8 Ma
Miocene
Clavularia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cleveia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Climacidium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clipeoparvus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coenobiodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Colletonema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Collumicylindrus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cometes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corinna
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corona
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coronodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coscinophaena
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cotyledon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Craspedoporus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Creania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cresswellia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crossophialus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crucidenticula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crystalia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cussia
genus
accepted223.0 Ma
Miocene
13.8 Ma
Miocene
Cycloites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclosira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclostephanopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cymatotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cymbamphora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cymbellopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cymbophora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cymbosira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cypellachaetes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cystopleura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dalai-Lama
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dasyangea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Debya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendrella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendrogonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diatomosira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dichomenis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dichotropiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dickensoniaforma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dictyopyxis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dimeractis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diommatetras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diomphala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discoites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Disconeis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discosira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Disiphonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dispinodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Distichanthes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Doryphora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dossetia
genus
accepted123.0 Ma
Miocene
13.8 Ma
Miocene
Drepanotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Echinodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Echinopyxis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ectodictyon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Endosigma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Endostauron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Entogonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Entomogaster
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Epithelion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eumeridion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euphyllodium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eupleuria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eupterotrum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eupyxidicula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurossia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Excentron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fibula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fovirhombus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fusiformella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fusotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gato
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gemellodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gladiopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gleseria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gloeonema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gloionema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glyphodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goniothecium
genus
accepted6983.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Grammatonema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Grayia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Groentvedia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Grunoviella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gyrocylindrus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gyropandorus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gyroptychus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Halionyx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Halopetitia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Halurina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hanicella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hantzschiopsidea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haynaldella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heibergia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heliopelta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helisella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helminthopsidella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemizoster
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hendeya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hendeyscoresbya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Henshawia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hercotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heribaudia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hesslandia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterangion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterocampa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterodictyon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heteromphala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heteroneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterostephania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Himantidium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Himantosoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Homalodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hormophora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hustedtia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyalodictya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyalogramma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyalotrochus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hydrolinum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hydrosirella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ikebea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Imparvalvia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Incisoria
genus
accepted1783.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Insilella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Isodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Janischia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kannoa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Katahiraia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kerkis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kidoa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kozhowia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kozloviella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kreagra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ktenodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kuemmerlea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lacustriella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lamprotediscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lancineis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lauderiopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lentiliforma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leudugeria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lioneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liostephania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liparogyra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liradiscus
genus
accepted747.8 Ma
Eocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Liriogramma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lisitzinia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lithobotrys
genus
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Lomonycus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Longinata
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lophotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lunulina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lyngbyea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lysicyclia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macrora
genus
accepted123.0 Ma
Miocene
13.8 Ma
Miocene
Maluina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mammidion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margaritoxon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Margaritum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mediaria
genus
accepted123.0 Ma
Miocene
13.8 Ma
Miocene
Mediopyxis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Medlinella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melchersiela
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Meretrosulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Meristosolen
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesasterias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Micromega
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microorbis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microtheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monile
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monobrachia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monocladia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monogramma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monopsia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Muelleriopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nanoneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Naunema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Naviculonema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nematoplata
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neomoelleria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nitzschiopsidea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Noszkya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nupella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ocularia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Omphalopelta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Omphalophortron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oncodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oncosphenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Opephoropsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orthoneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orthotropis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oshitea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paleopandorus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pantocsekia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paradesmus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parelion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentapodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peponia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peragallia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peragalloella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peristephania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perithyra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perizonium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pinnulariosigma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plegmolobos
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurodesmium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurosiphonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurostauron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Podiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pododiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Podosphenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pogoneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pomphodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ponticella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pontodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poretzkia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Porocyclia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Porodiscus
genus
accepted386.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Porostauros
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Porosularia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Potamodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Praeepithemia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Praethalassiosiropsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pravifusus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pritchardia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prorostaurus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoaulacodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudocerataulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudocoscinodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudodictyoneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudodimerogramma
genus
accepted123.0 Ma
Miocene
13.8 Ma
Miocene
Pseudodiploneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudopyxilla
genus
accepted8183.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Pseudosynedra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudotribrachia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterotheca
genus
accepted21783.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Radialiplicata
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Radiodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Radiopalma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rancia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Raphidogloea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Reicheltia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabdium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabdosira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhaphidogloea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhaphiophorasphaera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhipidophora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhizonotia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhynchopyxis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Robinsetta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rosaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rouxiopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rutilariopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saeptifera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sagittula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Salacia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sameioneis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sawamuraia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scalariella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scalptrum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scapha
genus
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Schimperiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schizonema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schizostauron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schmidtia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schmidtiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scoliodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Secallia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Semseyia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sieminskia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sigma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Simonseniella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphonodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Skvortzowia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Smithiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Solium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spermatogonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphaerophora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphenella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphenosira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spinivinculum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Staurogramma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stauronella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Staurosigma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stelodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stephanogonia
genus
accepted323.0 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Stephanosira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stictodesmis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stigmaphora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stoschiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Streptommion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stylaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Suriraya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Syncyclia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Syndendrium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Syringidium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Syrinx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Systephania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tabulina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Temperea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Terebraria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tessella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetrachaeta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetralophus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetramphora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetrapodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thumia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tibiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tortilaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Toxosira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Triaulacias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Triceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trifonovia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trisystema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochosirella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tropidosiphonus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Truania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tschestnovia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tubaformis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tubularia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Undatodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Unguiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Upothema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Valdiviella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vavia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vernadskowia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vesiculifera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vulcanella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Weissflogia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Willemoesia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Williamsella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Wittia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xanthiopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xystotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zotheca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zygoceros
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Corinna
genus
Not linked to GBIF26extinct83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cresswellia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Aulacodiscaceae
family
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Diatomeae GBIFclassChromista : Ochrophyta : Diatomeae
Bacillariophyta GBIFphylumChromista : Bacillariophyta
Fragilariophyceae GBIFclassChromista : Ochrophyta : Fragilariophyceae
Diatomophyceae GBIFclassChromista : Ochrophyta : Diatomophyceae

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1878Bacillariophyceae Haeckel
1989Bacillariophyceae Shoshani et al. p. 434
2005Bacillariophyceae Cervato
2008Bacillariophyceae Taylor et al. p. 1027

References

Cervato C. (2005) personal opinion.
Shoshani J., Fisher D. C., et al (1989) The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan, Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 27 14, 393-436
Taylor E., Taylor T., et al (2008) Paleobotany: The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants, 1-1230
Round, F.E. et al. (1990) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1982). Five Kingdoms : an illustrated guide to the phyla of life on earth. Second edition. Freeman. - via World Register of Marine Species
Round, F.E.; Crawford, R.M.; Mann, D.G. (1990). The diatoms: biology and morphology of the genera. Cambridge University Press: London, UK. ISBN 0-521-363187. 747 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1982). Five Kingdoms : an illustrated guide to the phyla of life on earth. Second edition. Freeman. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Round, F.E.; Crawford, R.M.; Mann, D.G. (1990). The diatoms: biology and morphology of the genera. Cambridge University Press: London, UK. ISBN 0-521-363187. 747 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Guiry, G.M. (2011) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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