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Ciliophora

Description

The ciliates are a group of protozoans characterized by the presence of hair-like organelles called cilia, which are identical in structure to eukaryotic flagella, but are in general shorter and present in much larger numbers, with a different undulating pattern than flagella. Cilia occur in all members of the group (although the peculiar Suctoria only have them for part of their life-cycle) and are variously used in swimming, crawling, attachment, feeding, and sensation.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)7765738https://www.gbif.org/species/7765738
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)720https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=720
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Chromista : Ciliophora
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Ciliophora
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
Life
EukaryotaChatton 1925
subkingdomProtozoaGoldfuss 1818
superphylumBiciliata
phylumCiliophora
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameCiliophora
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)39
Extant Size (PBDB)8 (21%)
First Recorded Appearance156 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ciliophora

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Colpodea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtophoria
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gymnostomatea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterotrichea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hypotrichea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Karyorelictea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kinetofragminophora
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Litostomatea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nassophorea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oligohymenophorea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oligotrichea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phyllopharyngea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prostomatea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spirotrichea
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cariacotrichidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bizone
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cadosinopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discomorpha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gigantothrix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gruberella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Limnoricus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microcetella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophryocephalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Podopyrya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rattulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Silenella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Polyhymenophora
class
Not linked to GBIF227extant145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Calpionellida
order
Not linked to GBIF238152 Ma
Late Jurassic
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Stomiosphaera
genus
Not linked to GBIF18extinct156 Ma
Jurassic
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Colomisphaera
genus
Not linked to GBIF7extinct156 Ma
Jurassic
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1996Ciliophora Margulis p. 1074
2002Ciliophora Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Ciliophora Kiessling

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Margulis L. (1996) Archaeal-eubacterialmergers intheoriginofEukarya: Phylogenetic classification of life, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 93, 1071-1076
Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
ERMS (2006) European Register of Marine Species. http://www.marbef.org/data/erms.php - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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