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Symphyla

Description

Symphylans, also known as garden centipedes or pseudocentipedes, are soil-dwelling arthropods of the class Symphyla in the subphylum Myriapoda. Symphylans resemble centipedes, but are smaller, non-venomous, and only distantly related to true centipedes. They can move rapidly through the pores between soil particles, and are typically found from the surface down to a depth of about 50 cm. They consume decaying vegetation, but can do considerable harm in an agricultural setting by consuming seeds, roots, and root hairs in cultivated soil.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)7742773https://www.gbif.org/species/7742773
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)294419https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=294419
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Symphyla
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
classMyriapodaLatreille 1802
classSymphylaRyder 1880
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameSymphyla
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)12
Extant Size (PBDB)8 (67%)
First Recorded Appearance99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Motilityactively mobile (based on Arthropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)G. O. Poinar and C. A. Edwards. 1995. First description of a fossil symphylan, Scutigerella dominicana sp. n. (Scutigerellidae: Symphyla), in Dominican amber. Experientia 51:391-393
Common Name(s) Pseudocentipedes, Symphylans
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphyla

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Scolopendrellidae
family
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Scutigerellidae
family
accepted499.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Symphyleila cubae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Scolopendrellida
order
Not linked to GBIF1extant99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1880Symphyla Ryder
1995Symphyla Poinar and Edwards

References

Poinar G. O., Edwards C. A. (1995) First description of a fossil symphylan, Scutigerella dominicana sp. n. (Scutigerellidae: Symphyla), in Dominican amber, Experientia 51, 391-393
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Barber, A. D. (2009). Littoral myriapods. a review. Soil Organisms. 81(3): 735-760. - via World Register of Marine Species
Roth, V.D. & Brown, W.L. (1976) Other air-breathing arthropods in Cheng, L. Marine Insects. North-Holland Publishing, Amsterdam-Oxford, American Elsevier, New York. - via World Register of Marine Species
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Andersson, Meidell, A, Scheller, Winqvist, Osterkamp Madsen, Djursvoll, Budd & Gärdenfors (2005) Nationalnyckeln till Sveriges flora och fauna. Mångfotingar. Myriapoda. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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