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Cyanophyceae

Description

Cyanobacteria , also known as Cyanophyta, are a phylum consisting of free-living bacteria and the endosymbiotic plastids, a sister group to Gloeomargarita, that are present in some eukaryotes. They commonly obtain their energy through oxygenic photosynthesis. The oxygen gas in the atmosphere of earth is produced by cyanobacteria of this phylum, either as free-living bacteria or as the endosymbiotic plastids. The name cyanobacteria comes from the color of the bacteria (Greek: κυανός, romanized: kyanós, lit. 'blue'). Cyanobacteria, which are prokaryotes, are also called "blue-green algae", though some modern botanists restrict the term algae to eukaryotes. Cyanobacteria appear to have originated in freshwater or a terrestrial environment.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)7550188https://www.gbif.org/species/7550188
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Bacteria : Cyanobacteria : Cyanophyceae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Scientific NameCyanophyceae
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyanophyceae

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Chamaesiphonales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chroococcales
order
accepted13,600 Ma
Paleoarchean
0 Ma
Extant
Nostocales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurocapsales
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Stigonematales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acaryochloridaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinophycaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Agamaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ammatoideaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aphralysiaceae
family
accepted19359 Ma
Late Devonian
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Borziaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chroococcidiopsidaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chuariaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coelosphaeriaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coleofasciculaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crustophycaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyanothecaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Desertifilaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Foniniaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Girvanellaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gomontiellaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Graniferaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heteroleibleiniaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Homoeotrichaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lamellostromataceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptolyngbyaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lermontovaephycaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lopatinellaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marenitaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microcoleaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Murandaviaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oculatellaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phormidiaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plexostromataceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Porostromataceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protospiraceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudanabaenaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Romeriaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sarmaellaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scandophycaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schizotrichaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Shanganellaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Telastromataceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thysanoplantaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trichocoleusaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trichostromataceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tumidophytaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vesiculariaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Woronichiniaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulophycus
genus
accepted0
Cladogirvanella
genus
accepted13242 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Collenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Endospora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marpolia
genus
accepted12513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Newlandia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pelogloea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudorothpletzella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhyniella
genus
accepted1411 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Spongiostroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tubiphytes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

References

Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Algaebase (2005) Alger på Rödlistan 2005. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Guiry, G.M. (2012) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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