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Chrysophyceae

Description

The Chrysophyceae, usually called chrysophytes, chrysomonads, golden-brown algae or golden algae are a large group of algae, found mostly in freshwater. Golden algae is also commonly used to refer to a single species, Prymnesium parvum, which causes fish kills.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)7073563https://www.gbif.org/species/7073563
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)69590https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=69590
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Chromista : Ochrophyta : Chrysophyceae
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Heterokontophyta : Chrysophyceae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomProtistaHaeckel 1866
phylumHeterokontophyta
classChrysophyceae
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameChrysophyceae
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)16
Extant Size (PBDB)4 (25%)
First Recorded Appearance83.6 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Motilitypassively mobile
Dietphotoautotroph
Taphonomysilica
Primary Reference (PBDB)C. Cervato. 2005. personal opinion.
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysophyceae

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Chloramoebales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chromulinales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chrysamoebidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chrysocapsales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chrysosphaerales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterogloeales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hibberdiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hydrurales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ochromonadales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parmales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Synurales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thallochrysidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeomonadaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aurosphaeraceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chrysosaccaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhizochrysidaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhizochysidaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Phytomastigophora
order
Not linked to GBIF83extant83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
13.8 Ma
Miocene

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Chrysophyta GBIFphylumChromista : Chrysophyta
Chrysomonadida GBIForderChromista : Ochrophyta : Chrysophyceae : Chrysomonadida

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
2004Chrysophyceae Kiessling

References

Cervato C. (2005) personal opinion.
Kiessling W. (2004) Ecology opinions
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Guiry, G.M. (2011) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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