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Cyanobacteria

Description

Cyanobacteria , also known as Cyanophyta, are a phylum consisting of free-living bacteria and the endosymbiotic plastids, a sister group to Gloeomargarita, that are present in some eukaryotes. They commonly obtain their energy through oxygenic photosynthesis. The oxygen gas in the atmosphere of earth is produced by cyanobacteria of this phylum, either as free-living bacteria or as the endosymbiotic plastids. The name cyanobacteria comes from the color of the bacteria (Greek: κυανός, romanized: kyanós, lit. 'blue'). Cyanobacteria, which are prokaryotes, are also called "blue-green algae", though some modern botanists restrict the term algae to eukaryotes. Cyanobacteria appear to have originated in freshwater or a terrestrial environment.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)68https://www.gbif.org/species/68
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)67023https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=67023
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Bacteria : Cyanobacteria
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Cyanobacteria
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
Life
Prokaryota
BacteriaWoese et al. 1990
Negibacteria
phylumCyanobacteria
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameCyanobacteria
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)51
Extant Size (PBDB)3 (5.9%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Environmenthypersaline,marine,brackish,freshwater
Motilitystationary
Dietphotoautotroph
Primary Reference (PBDB)W. Kiessling. 2003. Personal data.
Common Name(s) Blue-green Algae
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyanobacteria

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Cyanophyceae
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Garwoodiaceae
family
accepted25541 Ma
Cambrian
206 Ma
Late Triassic
Oscillatoriacea
family
accepted13530 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Scytonemaceae
family
accepted237.2 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Desmekalamos
genus
accepted1222 Ma
Late Triassic
216 Ma
Late Triassic
Peloploca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hygrocrocis fasciculata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hygrocrocis rigidula
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mastigothrix turgida
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schizosiphon gracilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Porostromata
class
Not linked to GBIF75450 Ma
Late Ordovician
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Ludlovia
genus
Not linked to GBIF5extinct433 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Sphaerina
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct433 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Tuxekanella
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct433 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Bevocastria
genus
Not linked to GBIF17extinct443 Ma
Silurian
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Subtifloria
genus
Not linked to GBIF9extinct635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Sigmopollis
genus
Not linked to GBIF6extinct83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Obruchevella
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
499 Ma
Cambrian

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
2003Cyanophyta Kiessling
2006Cyanobacteria Kiessling
2008Cyanobacteria Taylor et al. p. 1027
2015Cyanobacteria Ruggiero et al. p. 11

References

Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Kiessling W. (2006) Compendium of calcimicrobes
Taylor E., Taylor T., et al (2008) Paleobotany: The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants, 1-1230
Ruggiero M. A., Gordon D. P., et al (2015) A higher level classification of all living organisms, PLoS One 10 4, e0119248 doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0119248
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Bengt Karlson (2008) Bearbetad lista över encelliga organismer i marin miljö. Listan följer Algaebase (http://www.algaebase.org) och har bearbetats av Bengt Karlson (SMHI). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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