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Arthropoda

Description

An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot" (gen. ποδός)) is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton, a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages. Arthropods form the phylum Euarthropoda, which includes insects, arachnids, myriapods, and crustaceans. The term Arthropoda as originally proposed refers to a proposed grouping of Euarthropods and the phylum Onychophora.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)54https://www.gbif.org/species/54
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)18891https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=18891
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameArthropoda
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)71,493
Extant Size (PBDB)13,479 (19%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Motilityactively mobile
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Arthropods, Arthropod
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthropoda

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Arachnida
class
accepted3,515439 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Branchiopoda
class
acceptedBranchiopod164520 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Cephalocarida
class
accepted1501 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Chilopoda
class
acceptedCentipede52423 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Diplopoda
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Entognatha
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hexanauplia
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Insecta
class
acceptedInsect47,122372 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Malacostraca
class
accepted6,175530 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Maxillopoda
class
accepted1,054433 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Merostomata
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ostracoda
class
acceptedOstracod26,236541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Pauropoda
class
accepted138.0 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pycnogonida
class
acceptedSea Spider4433 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Remipedia
class
accepted1331 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Symphyla
class
accepted599.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Trilobita
class
acceptedTrilobite52,454541 Ma
Cambrian
252 Ma
Permian
Mystacocaridida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aglaspididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amplectobeluidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anomalocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archidesmidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arrhopalitida
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arthropleuridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Beckwithiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bomakellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bourletiellida
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Burgessiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cetiocaridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chengjiangocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Concavicarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corcoraniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cowiedesmidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dicyrtomida
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Enaliktidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eoarthropleuridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euphoberidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euthycarcinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fortiforcipidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fuxianhuiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Guangweicarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hurdiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Katiannida
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kootenichelidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kottixerxidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leanchoiliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marrellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microcarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microdecemplicidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mictomeridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neelida
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oelandocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Offacolidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Onychopterellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Opabiniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ostenocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paleomeridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parvancorinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurojulidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Praentombryidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proiulidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proscorpionidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rogerellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sidneyiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinaglaspidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Slimonidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sminthurida
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sminthuridida
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sottyxerxidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sprigginidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Strabopidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Waptiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yohoiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actaeus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actoecia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alaskalethe
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Albadesmus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Almenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Americotrimeria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anatifera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anatium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthracodesmus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arator
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeopilumnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archeobius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archicambala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arlea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Auricula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Australimicola
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Awaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baltocyamus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bidentia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Blodgettia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bolina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calycoscutellum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Camptocladus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Capayanichnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carbotubulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carpiliopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caryosyntrips
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cephaloculus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cephaloxus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chagosia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlupaciparia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chraspedops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cindarella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cineras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clausocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Concavicaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conchotrya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Convexicaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cornia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corobalanus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cretoperipatus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryptozoe
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cultrops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclestherioides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dagoerayella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dicerocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dicranocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dicranocentroides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dioxycaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Donaldsoncythere
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dongshanocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Donovania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dunopyge
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Editella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eileticus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Emeraldoides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eobalanus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eojulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Estheriellites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Estoniosylthere
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euacanthus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eulimene
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eumorphia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Feistia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Folguerolesia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gatuna
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glypheopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gudralisium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gymnolepas
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Habelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haikoucaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hastimima
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helmetia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemicycloleaia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemilithobius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemiphoberia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterovorhoeffia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Houghtonites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ilyodes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Isoxys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jianfengia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Juloites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kanabius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kerygmachela
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kirkbyrhiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kleptothule
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kralupia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Krauselloides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kuamaia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Laevanotella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptophilus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leverhulmia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lingyuanaspis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lockingtonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Longquania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Loricicaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Luohuilinella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Machairopus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Maldybulakia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mayrocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megadictyon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesoporcellio
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesosoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monoleiolophus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Montcestheria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Necrozius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nectotelson
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nelocira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neocypris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nereocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nettapezoura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Notopella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Odaraia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Odonterichthus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oelandocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Onebius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oniscina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Onychocythere
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oodeopus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Otion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pahvantia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeodesmus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pamina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Panlongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paracreusia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paraostenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parapaleomerus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parathanas
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parodolepas
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parvancorina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paulinecaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pauloterminus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pectocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pemphicyclus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peteinura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phylluropus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phytophilaspis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plagiolophus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platicytes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plenocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleuroschendyla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pogonoligia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polzia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Praelepas
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proboliella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Propemesira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protozoe
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protozoea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseuderichthus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoasmussia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudocypridina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoiulia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudontella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudovendia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterisopodus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pugilator
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Raninellopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Retifacies
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Retiprimites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhinediaptomus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhombicalvaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhynimonstrum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Roddyia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sagittapeltis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sandtneria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schizodiscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Shafferia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Shankouia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinoburius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphonocetes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Skioldia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Smithixerxes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sottyxerxes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spathiocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spencebatea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spinifer
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Squama
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Squamacula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Strongylonotus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Struveops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Suchonella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetrathrosoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thaliella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thylacares
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thylacocephalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trichelaspis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trichiulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trichorypha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Urokodia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Utahcaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vachonisia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Victoriacaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Weyerites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Whipplella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Wiedopterus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xandarella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zoontocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinobalnus collinsi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinobalnus floridanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alalcomenaeus cambricus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cestites mirebilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cylestherioides pintoi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Enosiaspis hrungnir
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Entocaris telleri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euscaplellum wheeleri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Huxleyoecia muscatensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyperbionx pluto
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Idiotheca rugosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kouphichnium arizonae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lisgocaris lutheri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachycrommium princetonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perspicaris dictynna
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perspicaris dilatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perspicaris ellipsopelta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perspicaris recondita
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platylepis wilsoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Redondestheria grovetonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sarotrocercus oblita
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stetaspis spinulosus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sudanonauter kagoroensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Radiodonta
order
Not linked to GBIF140extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
499 Ma
Cambrian
Scorpionida
class
Not linked to GBIF6extant443 Ma
Silurian
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Paratrilobita
class
Not linked to GBIF5635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
541 Ma
Cambrian
Merostomoidea
class
Not linked to GBIF1478 Ma
Early Ordovician
470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Retifacies
genus
Not linked to GBIF18extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Marrelomorpha
class
Not linked to GBIF0
Marrella
genus
Not linked to GBIF29extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Myriapoda
class
Not linked to GBIF415extant433 Ma
Silurian
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Actaeus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Aristocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Bostrichopus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Bundenbachiellus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Corcorania
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Dalmaniopsis
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Dicerocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Douglasocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Duslia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
456 Ma
Late Ordovician
Emeiella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Gaoqiaioella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Habelia
genus
Not linked to GBIF14extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Huangshandongia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Isoxys
genus
Not linked to GBIF102extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Jianfengia
genus
Not linked to GBIF5extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Jiucunella
genus
Not linked to GBIF21extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Kablikia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Liantuoia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Meristosomo
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Molaria
genus
Not linked to GBIF19extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Mollisonia
genus
Not linked to GBIF7extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Motina
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Naptile
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Oxyuropoda
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Pahvantia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Protocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Pseudarthron
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Pseudoarctolepis
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Quasicaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
456 Ma
Late Ordovician
Schizodiscus
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Serracaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Shafferia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Urokodia
genus
Not linked to GBIF6extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Utahcaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Hanburia
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Skaracarida
order
Not linked to GBIF2extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Orstenocarida
order
Not linked to GBIF1extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Cambropachycope
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Goticaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Henningsmoenicaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Martinssonia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Plenocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF16extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Rehbachiella
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Walossekia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Priscansermarinus
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Odaraia
genus
Not linked to GBIF18extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Pagurus
genus
Not linked to GBIF42extant161 Ma
Jurassic
Gammarus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Protocarcinus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1170 Ma
Middle Jurassic
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Mandibulata
subphylum
Not linked to GBIF133,726extant541 Ma
Cambrian
Bradoriida
order
Not linked to GBIF274extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Chelicerata
subphylum
Not linked to GBIF4,074extant520 Ma
Cambrian
Branchiata
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Dinocarida
class
Not linked to GBIF1extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Arachnomorpha
subphylum
Not linked to GBIF119extant520 Ma
Cambrian
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Conchostraca
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF71extant541 Ma
Cambrian
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Almenia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Clypecaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Cindarella
genus
Not linked to GBIF11extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Dongshanocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Sinoburius
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Ercaia
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Forfexicaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Occacaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Parapaleomerus
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Pectocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF6extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Pisinnocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Pseudoiulia
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Pygmaclypeatus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Rhombicalvaria
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Schinderhannes
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct408 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Parvancorinomorpha
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF20extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Longquania
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Guangweicarididae
family
Not linked to GBIF1extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Panlongia
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Hadranax
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Pauloterminus
genus
Not linked to GBIF2530 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Nektaspida
order
Not linked to GBIF139extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
443 Ma
Silurian
Kleptothule
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Platicytes
genus
Not linked to GBIF1359 Ma
Late Devonian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Proschizoramia
superclass
Not linked to GBIF35520 Ma
Cambrian
499 Ma
Cambrian
Fuxianhuiida
order
Not linked to GBIF25extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Xandarella
genus
Not linked to GBIF15extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Tanglangia
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Shankouia
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Arachnoidea
class
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Gigantopleurida
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Siberion
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Megadictyon
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Jianshanopodia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Artiopoda
class
Not linked to GBIF38extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
497 Ma
Cambrian
Cryptocaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Euthycarcinoidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF6extinct411 Ma
Early Devonian
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Rhynimonstrum
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct411 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Xandarellida
order
Not linked to GBIF1extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Esmeraldacaris
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
470 Ma
Middle Ordovician

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1758Aptera Linnaeus p. 341
1758Monoculus Linnaeus p. 634
1761Aptera Linnaeus p. 472
1761Monoculus Linnaeus p. 497
1762Monoculus Geoffroy p. 651
1763Pedestria Scopoli p. 378
1763Monoculus Scopoli p. 413
1764Aptera Müller p. 89
1764Monoculus Müller p. 95
1766Aptera Schaeffer
1767Aptera Linnaeus p. 1012
1767Monoculus Linnaeus p. 1057
1768Aptera Strøm p. 359
1770Aptera Drury
1775Monoculus Fabricius p. 294
1775Synistata Fabricius p. 294
1775Agonata Fabricius p. 399
1775Unogata Fabricius p. 420
1776Aptera Müller p. 183
1798Synistata Fabricius p. 197
1829Arthropoda Latreille
YearName and Author
1865Blattina splendens Göppert p. 276 figs. Pl 64, fig 11
1876Libellula carbonaria Scudder p. 89 fig. 2
1890Graeophonus Scudder p. 453
1890Graeophonus carbonarius Scudder p. 454 figs. Pl 40, figs 2,3,6
1897Geracus Matthew p. 55
1897Geracus tubifer Matthew p. 55 fig. 3
1899Kampecaris obanensis Peach p. 122 figs. Pl 4, fig 2
1901Kounicia Fric p. 175
1913Graeophonus carbonarius Petrunkevitch p. 67 figs. Pl 5, figs 27-29; text-figs 29-31
1953Graeophonus carbonarius Petrunkevitch p. 99
1963Poliochera pustulatus Laurentiaux-Vieira and Laurentiaux p. 25 figs. Pl 3, fig 3; text-fig 3
1976Schizoramia Bergström
1989Arthropoda Shoshani et al. p. 435
1998Arthropoda Zrzavy et al.
2002Arthropoda Sepkoski, Jr.
2011Arthropoda Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Arthropoda Nielsen p. 240 figs. Fig. 42.1
2013Graeophonus Dunlop et al. p. 190
2013Graeophonus carbonarius Dunlop et al. p. 190
2014Graeophonus Engel and Grimaldi p. 3
2017Graeophonus Garwood et al. p. 12

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Garwood R. J., Dunlop J. A., et al (2017) The phylogeny of fossil whip spiders, BMC Evolutionary Biology 17 105, 1-14
Engel M. S., Grimaldi D. A. (2014) Whipspiders (Arachnida: Amblypygi) in amber from the early Eocene and mid-Cretaceous, including maternal care, Novitates Paleoentomologicae 9, 1-17
Dunlop J. A., Penney D., et al (2013) A summary list of fossil spiders and their relatives, The World Spider Catalog, version 14.0. American Museum of Natural History
Dunlop J. A., Penney D., et al (2013) A summary list of fossil spiders and their relatives, The World Spider Catalog, version 14.0. American Museum of Natural History
Nielsen C. (2012) Animal Evolution : Interrelationships of the Living Phyla, 1-402
Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G., et al (2011) Higher-level metazoan relationships: recent progress and remaining questions, Organisms Diversity & Evolution 11 2, 151-172 doi:10.1007/s13127-011-0044-4
Zrzavy J., Mihulka S., et al (1998) Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence, Cladistics 14, 249-285
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Laurentiaux-Vieira F., Laurentiaux D. (1963) Sur quelques restes noveaux d'Arachnides du terrain houiller, Annales de la Société Géologique du Nord 83, 23-29
Petrunkevitch A. I. (1953) Paleozoic and Mesozoic Arachnida of Europe, Geological Society of America Memoir 53, 1-122
Petrunkevitch A. I. (1913) A monograph of the terrestrial Palaeozoic Arachnida of North America, Transactions of the Connecticut Acadamy of Arts and Sciences 18, 1-137
Fric A. (1901) Die thierischen Reste der Perucer Schichten, Archiv für die Naturwissenschaftliche Landesdurchforschung von Böhmen 11, 163-180
Peach B. N. On some new myriapods from the Palaeozoic rocks of Scotland, Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh 14, 113-126
Matthew G. F. Description of an extinct Palaeozoic insect, and a review of the fauna with which it occurs, Bulletin of the Natural History Society of New Brunswick 15, 49-60
Matthew G. F. Description of an extinct Palaeozoic insect, and a review of the fauna with which it occurs, Bulletin of the Natural History Society of New Brunswick 15, 49-60
Scudder S. H. Illustrations of the Carboniferous Arachnida of North America, of the orders Anthracomarti and Pedipalpi, Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History 4, 443-456
Scudder S. H. Illustrations of the Carboniferous Arachnida of North America, of the orders Anthracomarti and Pedipalpi, Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History 4, 443-456
Scudder S. H. New and interesting insects from the Carboniferous of Cape Breton, The Canadian Naturalist and Quarterly Journal of Science 8, 88-90
Göppert H. R. Die fossile Flora der Permischen Formation, Palaeontographica 12, 1-316
Fabricius J. C. , Supplementum Entomologiae Systematicae, 1-572
Müller O. F. , Zoologicae Danicae Prodromus, seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae Indigenarum. Characteres, Nomina et Synonyma Imprimis Popularium, 1-281
Fabricius J. C. , Systema Entomologiae, Sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus, 1-832
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Drury D. , Illustrations of Natural History. Wherein are Exhibited Upwards of Two Hundred and Forty Figures of Exotic Insects, According to Their Different Genera; Very Few of Which Have Hitherto Been Figured by any Author, Being Engraved and Coloured from Nature, with the Greatest Accuracy, and Under the Author's Own Inspection, on Fifty Copper-Plates. With a Particular Description of each Insect: Interspersed with Remarks and Reflections on the Nature and Properties of Many of Them 1, 1-130
Strøm H. Beskrivelse over norske insecter. Andet stykke, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 4, 313-371
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Müller O. F. , Fauna Insectorum Fridrichsdalina, Sive Methodica Descriptio Insectorum Agri Fridrichsdalensis, cum Characteribus Genericis et Specificis, Nominibus Trivialibus, Locis Natalibus, Iconibus Allegatis, Novisque Pluribus Speciebus Additis, 1-96
Müller O. F. , Fauna Insectorum Fridrichsdalina, Sive Methodica Descriptio Insectorum Agri Fridrichsdalensis, cum Characteribus Genericis et Specificis, Nominibus Trivialibus, Locis Natalibus, Iconibus Allegatis, Novisque Pluribus Speciebus Additis, 1-96
Scopoli G. A. , Entomologica Carniolica Exhibens Insecta Carnioliae Indigena et Distributa in Ordines, Genera, Species, Varietates Methodo Linnaeana, 1-421
Scopoli G. A. , Entomologica Carniolica Exhibens Insecta Carnioliae Indigena et Distributa in Ordines, Genera, Species, Varietates Methodo Linnaeana, 1-421
Geoffroy E. L. , Histoire Abregée des Insectes qui se Trouvent aux Environs de Paris, Tome Second, 1-690
Linnaeus C. , Fauna Svecica: Sistens Animalia Sveciae Regni: Mammalia, Aves, Amphibia, Pisces, Insecta, Vermes, Distributa per Classes & Ordines, Genera & Species, cum Differentiis Specierum, Synonymis Auctorum, Nominibus Incolarum, Locis Natalium, Descriptionibus Insectorum, 1-578
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Linnaeus C. , Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1, 1-824 doi:10.5962/bhl.title.542
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Ringuelet,Raul A. (1947) Aceros e insectos parásitos, nuevos para la fauna argentina - via Phthiraptera.info
Pavlovic,I.,Kulišić,Z.,Milutinovi,Ć.,Nešić,D. :. Valter,D. (1995) Significance of arthropoda in health problems of pheasants which are bred artificially - via Phthiraptera.info
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Eichler,Wolfdietrich,Bronns,H. G. (1963) Arthropoda. Insecta. Phthiraptera I. Mallophaga. - via Phthiraptera.info
Cloudsley-Thompson,J. L. (1975) Adaptations of Arthropoda to arid environments - via Phthiraptera.info
Urbanski,F. (1979) Arthropoda collected on small mammals in Wielkopolski. National Parc - via Phthiraptera.info
Baccetti,Baccio,Dallai,Romano,Rosati,Floriana (1969) The spermatozoon of Arthropoda. IV. Corrodentia, Mallophaga and Thysanoptera - via Phthiraptera.info
Beutel,Rolf G.,Gorb,Stanislav N. (2001) Ultrastructure of attachment specializations of hexapods (Arthropoda): evolutionary patterns inferred from a revised ordinal phylogeny - via Phthiraptera.info
Kim,Ke Chung,Beaucournu,Jean-Claude,Doby,J. M.,Kremer,M.,Leger,N.,Leclercq,M.,Olufsjev,N. G.,Challier,A.,Fain,A. (1978) Morphology and taxonomy of parasitic arthropoda - via Phthiraptera.info
Ricardo L. Palma,Lovis,P. M.,Tither,C. (1989) An annotated list of primary types of the phyla Arthropoda (except Crustacea) and Tardigrada held in the National Museum of New Zealand - via Phthiraptera.info
Olmos,Viviana,Muñoz,Gabriela (2006) Current state of knowledge of eumetazoan parasites of chilean freshwater ecosystems - via Phthiraptera.info
Dimitri Ivanovich Blagoveshtchensky (1937) Materialy po faune naruznych parasitov (Arthropoda) zyvotnych kasalinskogo i nekotorych drugich rajonov juznogo Kasakstana. Materialy po vreditelam zyvotnovodstva i fauna preimuscestvenno juznogo Kasakstana, pod red - via Phthiraptera.info
Green,R. H.,Munday,B. L. (1971) Parasites of Tasmanian native and feral fauna. Part 1. Arthropoda - via Phthiraptera.info
Hansen,Hans Jakob (1930) Studies on Arthropoda. III. On the comparative morphology of the appendages of the Arthropoda. B. Crustacea, Insecta, Myriopoda, and Arachnida - via Phthiraptera.info
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 1990: null. Invertebrates. xiii + 992. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 2002: null. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Stephen C. Barker,Campbell,N. J. H. (1998) An unprecedented major rearrangement in an arthropod mitochondrial genome - via Phthiraptera.info
Złotorzycka,Jadwiga (1972) Problemy wspolzaleznosci ewolucji Arthropoda i ich zywicieli - via Phthiraptera.info
Hegna, T. A.; Legg, D. A.; Møller, O. S.; Van Roy, P.; Lerosey-Aubril, R. (2013). The correct authorship of the taxon name 'Arthropoda'. Arthropod Systematics & Philogeny. 71(2), 71-74. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Zhang, Z.-Q. (2013). Phylum Arthropoda. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa. 3703(1): 17-26. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Zhang, Z.-Q. Phylum Arthropoda von Siebold, 1848 In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 4138: 99-103. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Hegna, T. A.; Legg, D. A.; Møller, O. S.; Van Roy, P.; Lerosey-Aubril, R. (2013). The correct authorship of the taxon name 'Arthropoda'. Arthropod Systematics & Philogeny. 71(2), 71-74. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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