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Arthropoda

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Description

An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot" (gen. ποδός)) is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton, a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages. Arthropods form the phylum Euarthropoda, which includes insects, arachnids, myriapods, and crustaceans. The term Arthropoda as originally proposed refers to a proposed grouping of Euarthropods and the phylum Onychophora.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)54https://www.gbif.org/species/54
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)18891https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=18891
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Ecdysozoa
-Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
Common Namearthropod
Scientific NameArthropoda
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Arthropodaphylumbelongs to Metazoastated without evidenceShoshani et al., 1989
Arthropodaphylumbelongs to Panarthropodastated without evidenceZrzavy et al., 1998
Arthropodaphylumbelongs to Metazoasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Arthropodaphylumbelongs to Ecdysozoastated without evidenceEdgecombe et al., 2011
Arthropodaphylumbelongs to Panarthropodastated without evidenceNielsen, 2012
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)71,493
Extant Size (PBDB)13,479 (19%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Motilityactively mobile
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Arthropods, Arthropodes, Artrópode, Arthropod, Leddjur, Gliederfüßer, Geleedpotigen, Arthropoden, Членистоногі, 節足動物
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthropoda

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Arachnomorpha
subphylum
listed (PBDB)Trilobite-like119520 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Chelicerata
subphylum
listed (PBDB)4,074520 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Mandibulata
subphylum
listed (PBDB)133,726541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Proschizoramia
superclass
listed (PBDB)35520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Arachnida
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3,515439 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Arachnoidea
class
listed (PBDB)
Artiopoda
class
listed (PBDB)Artiopod38520 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Branchiopoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Branchiopod164520 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Cephalocarida
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1501 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Chilopoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Centipede52423 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Dinocarida
class
listed (PBDB)1513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Diplopoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Millipede338433 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Entognatha
class
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hexanauplia
class
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Insecta
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Insect47,122372 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Malacostraca
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6,175530 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Marrelomorpha
class
listed (PBDB)
Maxillopoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,054433 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Merostomata
class
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Merostomoidea
class
listed (PBDB)1478 Ma
Early Ordovician
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Myriapoda
class
listed (PBDB)415433 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Ostracoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ostracod26,236541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Paratrilobita
class
listed (PBDB)5635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Pauropoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
138.0 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pycnogonida
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sea Spider4433 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Remipedia
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1331 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Scorpionida
class
listed (PBDB)Scorpion6443 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Symphyla
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
599.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Trilobita
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Trilobite52,454541 Ma
Cambrian
254 Ma
Permian
Euthycarcinoidea
subclass
listed (PBDB)6411 Ma
Early Devonian
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Bradoriida
order
listed (PBDB)274541 Ma
Cambrian
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Fuxianhuiida
order
listed (PBDB)25541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Gigantopleurida
order
listed (PBDB)
Mystacocaridida
order
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nektaspida
order
listed (PBDB)139520 Ma
Cambrian
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Orstenocarida
order
listed (PBDB)1501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Radiodonta
order
listed (PBDB)140541 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Skaracarida
order
listed (PBDB)2501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Xandarellida
order
listed (PBDB)1520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Aglaspididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Amplectobeluidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anomalocarididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archidesmidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arrhopalitida
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arthropleuridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Beckwithiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bomakellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bourletiellida
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Burgessiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cetiocaridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chengjiangocarididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Concavicarididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Corcoraniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cowiedesmidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dicyrtomida
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Enaliktidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eoarthropleuridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Euphoberidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Euthycarcinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fortiforcipidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fuxianhuiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Guangweicarididae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1516 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Hurdiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Katiannida
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kootenichelidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kottixerxidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leanchoiliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Marrellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Microcarididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Microdecemplicidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mictomeridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neelida
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oelandocarididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Offacolidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Onychopterellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Opabiniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ostenocarididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paleomeridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parvancorinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pleurojulidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Praentombryidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Proiulidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Proscorpionidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rogerellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sidneyiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sinaglaspidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Slimonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sminthurida
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sminthuridida
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sottyxerxidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sprigginidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Strabopidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Waptiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Yohoiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Actaeus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Actoecia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Alaskalethe
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Albadesmus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Almenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Americotrimeria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anatifera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anatium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anthracodesmus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arator
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archaeopilumnus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archeobius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archicambala
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aristocaris
genus
listed (PBDB)
Arlea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Auricula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Australimicola
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Awaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Baltocyamus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bidentia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Blodgettia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bolina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bostrichopus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Bundenbachiellus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Burgessia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
24513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Calycoscutellum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cambropachycope
genus
listed (PBDB)
Camptocladus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Capayanichnus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Carbotubulus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Carpiliopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Caryosyntrips
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cephaloculus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cephaloxus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chagosia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chlupaciparia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chraspedops
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cindarella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
11520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Cineras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clausocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clypecaris
genus
listed (PBDB)
Concavicaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Conchotrya
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Conia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Convexicaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Corcorania
genus
listed (PBDB)
Cornia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Corobalanus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cretoperipatus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cryptocaris
genus
listed (PBDB)
Cryptozoe
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cultrops
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cyclestherioides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dagoerayella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dalmaniopsis
genus
listed (PBDB)
Dicerocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Dicranocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dicranocentroides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dioxycaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Donaldsoncythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dongshanocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1516 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Donovania
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Douglasocaris
genus
listed (PBDB)1468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Dunopyge
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Duslia
genus
listed (PBDB)1461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Editella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eileticus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Emeiella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Emeraldoides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eobalanus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eojulus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ercaia
genus
listed (PBDB)2520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Esmeraldacaris
genus
listed (PBDB)3485 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Estheriellites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Estoniosylthere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Euacanthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eulimene
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eumorphia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Feistia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Folguerolesia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Forfexicaris
genus
listed (PBDB)1513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Gammarus
genus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Gaoqiaioella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Gatuna
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Glypheopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Goticaris
genus
listed (PBDB)
Gudralisium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gymnolepas
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Habelia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
14513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Hadranax
genus
listed (PBDB)2530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Haikoucaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hanburia
genus
listed (PBDB)4513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Hastimima
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Helmetia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemicycloleaia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemilithobius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemiphoberia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Henningsmoenicaris
genus
listed (PBDB)
Heterovorhoeffia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Houghtonites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Huangshandongia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Ilyodes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Isoxys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
102530 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Jianfengia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Jianshanopodia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Jiucunella
genus
listed (PBDB)21530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Juloites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kablikia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Kanabius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kerygmachela
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kirkbyrhiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kleptothule
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Kralupia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Krauselloides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kuamaia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Laevanotella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leptophilus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leverhulmia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Liantuoia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Lingyuanaspis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lockingtonia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Longquania
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1516 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Loricicaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Luohuilinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Machairopus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Maldybulakia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Marrella
genus
listed (PBDB)29513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Marria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Martinssonia
genus
listed (PBDB)1501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Mayrocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Megadictyon
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Meristosomo
genus
listed (PBDB)
Mesoporcellio
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mesosoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Molaria
genus
listed (PBDB)19513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Mollisonia
genus
listed (PBDB)7513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Monoleiolophus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Montcestheria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Motina
genus
listed (PBDB)
Naptile
genus
listed (PBDB)
Necrozius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nectotelson
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nelocira
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nereocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nettapezoura
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Notopella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Occacaris
genus
listed (PBDB)
Odaraia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
18520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Odonterichthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oelandocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Onebius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oniscina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Onychocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oodeopus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Otion
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oxyuropoda
genus
listed (PBDB)
Pagurus
genus
listed (PBDB)42161 Ma
Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Pahvantia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Palaeodesmus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pamina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Panlongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3516 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Paracreusia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paraostenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parapaleomerus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Parathanas
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parodolepas
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parvancorina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paulinecaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pauloterminus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2530 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Pectocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Pemphicyclus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Peteinura
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phylluropus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phytophilaspis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pisinnocaris
genus
listed (PBDB)2541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Plagiolophus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Platicytes
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Plenocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
16513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Pleuroschendyla
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pogonoligia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polzia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Praelepas
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Priscansermarinus
genus
listed (PBDB)2513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Proboliella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Propemesira
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protocarcinus
genus
listed (PBDB)1170 Ma
Middle Jurassic
170 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Protocaris
genus
listed (PBDB)3530 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Protozoe
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protozoea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudarthron
genus
listed (PBDB)
Pseuderichthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudoarctolepis
genus
listed (PBDB)2513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Pseudoasmussia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudocypridina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudoiulia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4516 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Pseudontella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudovendia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pterisopodus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pugilator
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pygmaclypeatus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Quasicaris
genus
listed (PBDB)1461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Raninellopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rehbachiella
genus
listed (PBDB)1501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Retifacies
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
18520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Retiprimites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhinediaptomus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhombicalvaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Rhynimonstrum
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1411 Ma
Early Devonian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Roddyia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sagittapeltis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sandtneria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Schinderhannes
genus
listed (PBDB)1408 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Schizodiscus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3388 Ma
Middle Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Serracaris
genus
listed (PBDB)1516 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Shafferia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Shankouia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Siberion
genus
listed (PBDB)
Sinoburius
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Siphonocetes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Skioldia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Smithixerxes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sottyxerxes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spathiocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spencebatea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spinifer
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Squama
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Squamacula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Strongylonotus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Struveops
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Suchonella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tanglangia
genus
listed (PBDB)2520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Tetrathrosoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thaliella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thylacares
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thylacocephalus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trichelaspis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trichiulus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trichorypha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Urokodia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Utahcaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Vachonisia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Victoriacaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Walossekia
genus
listed (PBDB)1501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Weyerites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Whipplella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Wiedopterus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xandarella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
15520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Zoontocaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Actinobalnus collinsi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Actinobalnus floridanus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Alalcomenaeus cambricus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cestites mirebilis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cylestherioides pintoi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Enosiaspis hrungnir
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Entocaris telleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Euscaplellum wheeleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Huxleyoecia muscatensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hyperbionx pluto
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Idiotheca rugosa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kouphichnium arizonae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lisgocaris lutheri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachycrommium princetonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perspicaris dictynna
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perspicaris dilatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perspicaris ellipsopelta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perspicaris recondita
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Platylepis wilsoni
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Redondestheria grovetonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sarotrocercus oblita
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stetaspis spinulosus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sudanonauter kagoroensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Branchiata
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Conchostraca
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)Clam Shrimp71541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Parvancorinomorpha
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)20520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1758Aptera Linnaeus p. 341
1758Monoculus Linnaeus p. 634
1761Aptera Linnaeus p. 472
1761Monoculus Linnaeus p. 497
1762Monoculus Geoffroy p. 651
1763Pedestria Scopoli p. 378
1763Monoculus Scopoli p. 413
1764Aptera Müller p. 89
1764Monoculus Müller p. 95
1766Aptera Schaeffer
1767Aptera Linnaeus p. 1012
1767Monoculus Linnaeus p. 1057
1768Aptera Strøm p. 359
1770Aptera Drury
1775Monoculus Fabricius p. 294
1775Synistata Fabricius p. 294
1775Agonata Fabricius p. 399
1775Unogata Fabricius p. 420
1776Aptera Müller p. 183
1798Synistata Fabricius p. 197
1829Arthropoda Latreille
YearName and Author
1865Blattina splendens Göppert p. 276 figs. Pl 64, fig 11
1876Libellula carbonaria Scudder p. 89 fig. 2
1890Graeophonus Scudder p. 453
1890Graeophonus carbonarius Scudder p. 454 figs. Pl 40, figs 2,3,6
1897Geracus Matthew p. 55
1897Geracus tubifer Matthew p. 55 fig. 3
1899Kampecaris obanensis Peach p. 122 figs. Pl 4, fig 2
1901Kounicia Fric p. 175
1913Graeophonus carbonarius Petrunkevitch p. 67 figs. Pl 5, figs 27-29; text-figs 29-31
1953Graeophonus carbonarius Petrunkevitch p. 99
1963Poliochera pustulatus Laurentiaux-Vieira and Laurentiaux p. 25 figs. Pl 3, fig 3; text-fig 3
1976Schizoramia Bergström
1989Arthropoda Shoshani et al. p. 435
1998Arthropoda Zrzavy et al.
2002Arthropoda Sepkoski, Jr.
2011Arthropoda Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Arthropoda Nielsen p. 240 figs. Fig. 42.1
2013Graeophonus Dunlop et al. p. 190
2013Graeophonus carbonarius Dunlop et al. p. 190
2014Graeophonus Engel and Grimaldi p. 3
2017Graeophonus Garwood et al. p. 12

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Garwood R. J., Dunlop J. A., et al (2017) The phylogeny of fossil whip spiders, BMC Evolutionary Biology 17 105, 1-14
Engel M. S., Grimaldi D. A. (2014) Whipspiders (Arachnida: Amblypygi) in amber from the early Eocene and mid-Cretaceous, including maternal care, Novitates Paleoentomologicae 9, 1-17
Dunlop J. A., Penney D., et al (2013) A summary list of fossil spiders and their relatives, The World Spider Catalog, version 14.0. American Museum of Natural History
Nielsen C. (2012) Animal Evolution : Interrelationships of the Living Phyla, 1-402
Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G., et al (2011) Higher-level metazoan relationships: recent progress and remaining questions, Organisms Diversity & Evolution 11 2, 151-172 doi:10.1007/s13127-011-0044-4
Zrzavy J., Mihulka S., et al (1998) Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence, Cladistics 14, 249-285
Shoshani J., Fisher D. C., et al (1989) The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan, Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 27 14, 393-436
Laurentiaux-Vieira F., Laurentiaux D. (1963) Sur quelques restes noveaux d'Arachnides du terrain houiller, Annales de la Société Géologique du Nord 83, 23-29
Petrunkevitch A. I. (1953) Paleozoic and Mesozoic Arachnida of Europe, Geological Society of America Memoir 53, 1-122
Petrunkevitch A. I. (1913) A monograph of the terrestrial Palaeozoic Arachnida of North America, Transactions of the Connecticut Acadamy of Arts and Sciences 18, 1-137
Fric A. (1901) Die thierischen Reste der Perucer Schichten, Archiv für die Naturwissenschaftliche Landesdurchforschung von Böhmen 11, 163-180
Peach B. N. On some new myriapods from the Palaeozoic rocks of Scotland, Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh 14, 113-126
Matthew G. F. Description of an extinct Palaeozoic insect, and a review of the fauna with which it occurs, Bulletin of the Natural History Society of New Brunswick 15, 49-60
Scudder S. H. Illustrations of the Carboniferous Arachnida of North America, of the orders Anthracomarti and Pedipalpi, Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History 4, 443-456
Scudder S. H. New and interesting insects from the Carboniferous of Cape Breton, The Canadian Naturalist and Quarterly Journal of Science 8, 88-90
Göppert H. R. Die fossile Flora der Permischen Formation, Palaeontographica 12, 1-316
Fabricius J. C. , Supplementum Entomologiae Systematicae, 1-572
Müller O. F. , Zoologicae Danicae Prodromus, seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae Indigenarum. Characteres, Nomina et Synonyma Imprimis Popularium, 1-281
Fabricius J. C. , Systema Entomologiae, Sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus, 1-832
Drury D. , Illustrations of Natural History. Wherein are Exhibited Upwards of Two Hundred and Forty Figures of Exotic Insects, According to Their Different Genera; Very Few of Which Have Hitherto Been Figured by any Author, Being Engraved and Coloured from Nature, with the Greatest Accuracy, and Under the Author's Own Inspection, on Fifty Copper-Plates. With a Particular Description of each Insect: Interspersed with Remarks and Reflections on the Nature and Properties of Many of Them 1, 1-130
Strøm H. Beskrivelse over norske insecter. Andet stykke, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 4, 313-371
Linnaeus C. , Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Duodecima 1 2, 533-1327
Müller O. F. , Fauna Insectorum Fridrichsdalina, Sive Methodica Descriptio Insectorum Agri Fridrichsdalensis, cum Characteribus Genericis et Specificis, Nominibus Trivialibus, Locis Natalibus, Iconibus Allegatis, Novisque Pluribus Speciebus Additis, 1-96
Scopoli G. A. , Entomologica Carniolica Exhibens Insecta Carnioliae Indigena et Distributa in Ordines, Genera, Species, Varietates Methodo Linnaeana, 1-421
Geoffroy E. L. , Histoire Abregée des Insectes qui se Trouvent aux Environs de Paris, Tome Second, 1-690
Linnaeus C. , Fauna Svecica: Sistens Animalia Sveciae Regni: Mammalia, Aves, Amphibia, Pisces, Insecta, Vermes, Distributa per Classes & Ordines, Genera & Species, cum Differentiis Specierum, Synonymis Auctorum, Nominibus Incolarum, Locis Natalium, Descriptionibus Insectorum, 1-578
Linnaeus C. , Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1, 1-824 doi:10.5962/bhl.title.542
Ringuelet,Raul A. (1947) Aceros e insectos parásitos, nuevos para la fauna argentina - via Phthiraptera.info
Pavlovic,I.,Kulišić,Z.,Milutinovi,Ć.,Nešić,D. :. Valter,D. (1995) Significance of arthropoda in health problems of pheasants which are bred artificially - via Phthiraptera.info
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Eichler,Wolfdietrich,Bronns,H. G. (1963) Arthropoda. Insecta. Phthiraptera I. Mallophaga. - via Phthiraptera.info
Cloudsley-Thompson,J. L. (1975) Adaptations of Arthropoda to arid environments - via Phthiraptera.info
Urbanski,F. (1979) Arthropoda collected on small mammals in Wielkopolski. National Parc - via Phthiraptera.info
Baccetti,Baccio,Dallai,Romano,Rosati,Floriana (1969) The spermatozoon of Arthropoda. IV. Corrodentia, Mallophaga and Thysanoptera - via Phthiraptera.info
Beutel,Rolf G.,Gorb,Stanislav N. (2001) Ultrastructure of attachment specializations of hexapods (Arthropoda): evolutionary patterns inferred from a revised ordinal phylogeny - via Phthiraptera.info
Kim,Ke Chung,Beaucournu,Jean-Claude,Doby,J. M.,Kremer,M.,Leger,N.,Leclercq,M.,Olufsjev,N. G.,Challier,A.,Fain,A. (1978) Morphology and taxonomy of parasitic arthropoda - via Phthiraptera.info
Ricardo L. Palma,Lovis,P. M.,Tither,C. (1989) An annotated list of primary types of the phyla Arthropoda (except Crustacea) and Tardigrada held in the National Museum of New Zealand - via Phthiraptera.info
Olmos,Viviana,Muñoz,Gabriela (2006) Current state of knowledge of eumetazoan parasites of chilean freshwater ecosystems - via Phthiraptera.info
Dimitri Ivanovich Blagoveshtchensky (1937) Materialy po faune naruznych parasitov (Arthropoda) zyvotnych kasalinskogo i nekotorych drugich rajonov juznogo Kasakstana. Materialy po vreditelam zyvotnovodstva i fauna preimuscestvenno juznogo Kasakstana, pod red - via Phthiraptera.info
Green,R. H.,Munday,B. L. (1971) Parasites of Tasmanian native and feral fauna. Part 1. Arthropoda - via Phthiraptera.info
Hansen,Hans Jakob (1930) Studies on Arthropoda. III. On the comparative morphology of the appendages of the Arthropoda. B. Crustacea, Insecta, Myriopoda, and Arachnida - via Phthiraptera.info
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 1990: null. Invertebrates. xiii + 992. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 2002: null. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Stephen C. Barker,Campbell,N. J. H. (1998) An unprecedented major rearrangement in an arthropod mitochondrial genome - via Phthiraptera.info
Złotorzycka,Jadwiga (1972) Problemy wspolzaleznosci ewolucji Arthropoda i ich zywicieli - via Phthiraptera.info
Hegna, T. A.; Legg, D. A.; Møller, O. S.; Van Roy, P.; Lerosey-Aubril, R. (2013). The correct authorship of the taxon name 'Arthropoda'. Arthropod Systematics & Philogeny. 71(2), 71-74. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Zhang, Z.-Q. (2013). Phylum Arthropoda. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa. 3703(1): 17-26. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Zhang, Z.-Q. Phylum Arthropoda von Siebold, 1848 In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 4138: 99-103. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Hegna, T. A.; Legg, D. A.; Møller, O. S.; Van Roy, P.; Lerosey-Aubril, R. (2013). The correct authorship of the taxon name 'Arthropoda'. Arthropod Systematics & Philogeny. 71(2), 71-74. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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