SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo GalleriesSearch by Color今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography
BETA TEST - Fossil data and pages are very much experimental and under development. Please report any problems

Bryozoa

Description

Bryozoa (also known as the Polyzoa, Ectoprocta or commonly as moss animals) are a phylum of aquatic invertebrate animals. Typically about 0.5 millimetres (0.020 in) long, they are filter feeders that sieve food particles out of the water using a retractable lophophore, a "crown" of tentacles lined with cilia. Most marine species live in tropical waters, but a few occur in oceanic trenches, and others are found in polar waters. One class lives only in a variety of freshwater environments, and a few members of a mostly marine class prefer brackish water. Over 4,000 living species are known. One genus is solitary and the rest are colonial.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)53https://www.gbif.org/species/53
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)24773https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=24773
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Bryozoa
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
-Polyzoa
phylumBryozoaEhrenberg 1831
Common Namebryozoan
Scientific NameBryozoa
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Bryozoaclassbelongs to Molluscoideastated without evidenceUlrich and Bassler, 1904
Bryozoaphylumbelongs to Animaliastated without evidenceBoardman and Cheetham, 1987
Bryozoaphylumbelongs to Eucoelomatastated without evidenceZrzavy et al., 1998
Bryozoaphylumbelongs to Metazoasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Bryozoaunranked cladebelongs to Polyzoastated without evidenceEdgecombe et al., 2011
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)5,219
Extant Size (PBDB)850 (16%)
First Recorded Appearance488 - 478 Ma
Paleozoic
Motilitystationary, attached
Dietsuspension feeder
Taphonomylow Mg calcite
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Bryozoan, Bryozoans, Bryozoen, Moostierchen, Moostiere, Lace Animals, Lace Corals, Mosdiertjes, Moss Animals, Mossdjur, Sea Mats, 苔虫動物
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bryozoa

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Gymnolaemata
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5,321485 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Phylactolaemata
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Stenolaemata
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
20,577485 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Fenestellida
order
listed (PBDB)28403 Ma
Early Devonian
260 Ma
Permian
Acanthionella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archaeopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ascancestor
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ascosoecia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Astreptodictya
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bimulticavea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bryobrownius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bueltenopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bullaconopeum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cavea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cellarina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chasmatoporella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clausimultelea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clavicavea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Claviclausa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coeloconus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Confusocella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crateripora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Craticulacella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Criserpia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cytidmonea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dendropora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Desmeopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dictyocladia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diplodesmopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diplopholeos
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Discocavea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Discoflustrella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Discopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Domopora
genus
listed (PBDB)
Drymotrypa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eoescharopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eridocampylus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Escharellina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Escharinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fasciculiporina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fasciporina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Filiflustra
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Filiflustrella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Filiflustrellaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Filiflustrina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fitzroyopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Flabellaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Flustrina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Foratella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gemellaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Granivallum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemipachydictya
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Holostoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Homaeosolen
genus
listed (PBDB)5105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
85.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Hybopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Imponoglyphus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kunradocella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Laterocava
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lateroflustrella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lopholepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lunariopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Meandrocavea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Multescharipora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Multiclausa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Multicrisina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Multinodelea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Multiporina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Myriolithes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Naresia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nebulipora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nodelea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nodicava
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nodicrescis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Omniretepora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oochilina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Orbitulites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paricavea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pavotubigera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Percyopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Peronoporella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polytrema
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Poristoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pyriflustrella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pyriflustrina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Radiotubigera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptescharellina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptescharinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptocea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptocelleporaria
genus
listed (PBDB)
Reptoflustrella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptoflustrina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptolatereschara
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptonodicrescis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptoporella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reptoporellina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Retecavella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semicava
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semicelleporaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semicrescis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semiescharellina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semiescharipora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semiflustrella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semiflustrina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semimultelea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semimulticava
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semimulticlausa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semimulticrescis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semimultisparsa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semiporina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Septocea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sulcopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Taeniocellaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tervidmonea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thallostigma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trigonoecia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trochopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Unidistelopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vincularina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Brodiela ignota
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Buffonelloides baculina
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes compressa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes elegans
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes fusiforme
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes granulifera
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes irregularis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes muscatinensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes ponderosus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes venustus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chartecystis compressa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chlidoriopsis inflata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coelosphaeridium kohtlaense
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coscinopsis conchaea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Costicellaria solida
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Demafinga pennsylvanica
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diplodesmorpha alternata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diplonotus costulatum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diplonotus striatum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diplonotus supplicatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Distanescharella jacksonica
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Distanescharella lata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Erkosonia admota
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Erkosonia semota
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Graysonia bergquisti
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gulabronchus cellulanus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haploecia multilamellosa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haploecia straminea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemiulrichstylus lineatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Icthyaria oculata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Manorella proteus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Millepora straminea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Miroporella infundibulipora
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticuliporelli croneisi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticuliporelli peculiaris
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticuliporelli shideleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Multigalen marginata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nematotrypa spiralis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ogivalinala eximipora
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ogivalinala mutabilis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phylacyella columnaris
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plageoecia ambigua
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pleuronia pertusa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polyascoecia foraminosa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ptilopora cyclindracea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ptilopora paupera
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Quadricella caraibica
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sardesonia carinata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stereotoecthus typicus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tessarodoma bifax
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tessoradoma bifax
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tretonia levis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tretonia pooleyi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tubulelleria zanzibariensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Websteria cretacea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1831Bryozoa Ehrenberg
1861Dingeria Geinitz p. 111
1861Dingeria depressa Geinitz p. 111 figs. Pl 20, figs 18-22
1904Bryozoa Ulrich and Bassler p. 404
1987Bryozoa Boardman and Cheetham p. 506
1998Bryozoa Zrzavy et al.
2002Bryozoa Sepkoski, Jr.
2011Bryozoa Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Bryozoa Nielsen p. 208 figs. Fig. 23.1

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Geinitz H. B. Die animalischen ueberreste der Dyas, Dyas oder die Zechstein Formation und das Rothliegende, 1-130
Ulrich E. O., Bassler R. S. (1904) Bryozoa, Maryland Geological Survey Miocene Text, 430-431
Boardman R. S., Cheetham A. H. (1987) Phylum Bryozoa, Fossil Invertebrates, 497-549
Zrzavy J., Mihulka S., et al (1998) Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence, Cladistics 14, 249-285
Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G., et al (2011) Higher-level metazoan relationships: recent progress and remaining questions, Organisms Diversity & Evolution 11 2, 151-172 doi:10.1007/s13127-011-0044-4
Nielsen C. (2012) Animal Evolution : Interrelationships of the Living Phyla, 1-402
Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Hayward, P.J.,Barnes, R.S.K,Ryland, J.S.,Kermack, D.M. (1985) Cyclostome Bryozoans - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Ramadan, SH,Abdel-Salam, KH (2008) Fouling Bryozoa from some Alexandria harbours, Egypt. (II) Encursting species - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Hughes, David J,Gozalez Vecino, Joes L,Gage, John D (2002) Sieve size influence in estimating biomass, abundance and diversity in samples of deep-ea macrobenthos - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Narayanaswamy, Bhavani E,Lavaleye, Marc S S,Berge, Jorgen,Duineveld, Gerard C A,Brattegard, Torleiv,Renaud, Paul E,Reiss, Henning (2010) Biodiveristy Trends along the Western European Margin - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Scholz, J.,Bitschofsky, F.,Forster, S. (Feb) Regional and temporal changes in epizoobiontic bryozoan-communities of Flustra foliacea (Linnaeus, 1758) and implications for North Sea ecology - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
web search (AJR) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. - via World Register of Marine Species
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Gage, J D,Hughes, David J (2004) Benthic metazoan biomass, community structure and bioturbation at three contrasting deep-water sites on the northwest European continental margin - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
O'Dea, Aaron,Ostrovsky, Andrew N.,Rodriguez, Felix (2009) Comparative anatomy of internal incubational sacs in cupuladriid bryozoans and the evolution of brooding in free-living cheilostomes - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Jebram, Diethardt (1970) Preliminary experiments with Bryozoa in a simple apparatus for producing continuous water currents - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Carlton, James T (2004) Environmental Impacts of Marine Exotics - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Rouse, Sally,Porter, Joanne S.,Spencer Jones, Mary E. (2011) Spatial and temporal patterns of bryozoan distribution and diversity in the Scottish sea regions - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Nikulina, E. A.,Schafer, P.,Hanel, R. (2007) Cryptic speciation and paraphyly in the cosmopolitan bryozoan Electra pilosa - Impact of the Tethys closing on species evolution - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Bock, P. E.; Gordon, D. P. (2013). Phylum Bryozoa Ehrenberg, 1831. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa. 3703(1): 67-74. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Alroy, J. (2015) Fossilworks. Gateway to the Paleobiology Database. Online: http://fossilworks.org - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Ramadan, SH,Abdel-Salam, KH (2008) Fouling Bryozoa from some Alexandria harbours, Egypt. (I) Erect species - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Farrapeira, Cristiane M R (2011) The introduction of the bryozoan Zoobotryon verticillatum (Della Chiaje, 1822) in northeast of Brazil: a cause for concern - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Warwick, Richard M,Rowden, Ashely A,Gordon, Dennis P (2004) Bryozoan biodiveristy in the New Zealand region and implications for marine conservation - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Jebram, Diethardt (1980) Laboratory diets and qualitative nutritional requirements for bryozoans - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Hughesm David J,Sheilds, Mark A (2009) Large-scale variation in macrofaunal communities along the eastern Nordic Seas continental margin: A comparison of four stations with contrasting food supplys - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Heard, Jessica,Barton, Elizabeth (2005) Alien, non-native and invasive marine species - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Brands, S.J. (comp.) (2014) The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. [http://taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/]. 1989-present. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Jebram, Diethardt,Abbott, M,Larwood, G (1979) Interrelations of nutrition, food uptake and growth in bryozoans - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Jebram, Diethardt (1977) Experimental techniques and culture methods - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Hayward, P.J.,Ryland, J.S.,Barnes, R.S.K,Crothers, J.H., (1998) Cheilostomatous Bryozoa Part 1. Aeteoidea - Cribrilinoidea - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Amat, Jaen N,Tempera, F (2009) Zoobotryon verticillatum Dell Chiaje, 1822 (Bryozoa), a new occurrence in the archipelago of the Azores (north-eastern Atlantic) - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Rowden, Ashely A,Clark, Malcolm R (2009) Effect of deepwater trawling on the macro-invertebrate assemblages of seamounts on the Chatham Rise, New Zealand - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Nielsen, C (1981) On morphology and reproduction of 'Hippodiplosia' insculpta and Fenestrulina malusii (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Taylor, Paul D,Ramalho, Lais V,Gordon, Dennis P (2006) An unreported invasive bryozoan that can affect livelihoods - Membraniporopsis tubigera in New Zealand and Brazil - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Simberloff, Daniel (2000) Introduced species: the threat to biodiversity and what can be done - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Winston, Judith E. (1977) Distribution and Ecology of Estuarine Ectoprocts: A Critical Review - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
Grischenko, A. V.,Dick, M. H.,Mawatari, S. F. (2007) Diversity and taxonomy of intertidal Bryozoa (Cheilostomata) at Akkeshi Bay, Hokkaido, Japan - via Bryozoa of the British Isles
De Blauwe, H. (2009) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 1990: null. Invertebrates. xiii + 992. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.9.21 21:05:22 Page generated: 2020.5.3 22:17:07
Go to top of page