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Chromista

Description

Chromista is a biological kingdom of some single-celled eukaryotic organisms, which are probably polyphyletic. It includes all protists whose photosynthetic organelle (plastids) contain chlorophyll c. As it is assumed the last common ancestor already possessed chloroplasts of red algal origin, the non-photosynthetic forms evolved from ancestors able to perform photosynthesis. These plastids are surrounded by four membranes, and are believed to have been acquired from some red algae.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)4https://www.gbif.org/species/4
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)87643https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=87643
Rankkingdom
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Chromista
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
kingdomChromistaCavalier-Smith 1981
Scientific NameChromista
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Chromistakingdombelongs to Protistastated without evidenceKiessling, 2003
Chromistakingdominvalid subgroup of Eukaryotastated with evidenceBlackwell, 2004
Chromistakingdombelongs to Eukaryotastated with evidenceRuggiero et al., 2015
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)3
Extant Size (PBDB)3 (100%)
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. R. Bown and J. R. Young. 1997. Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton classification. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 19:21-36
Common Name(s) Kromister
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromista

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Acavomonidia
phylum
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bigyra
phylum
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cercozoa
phylum
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ciliophora
phylum
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
513156 Ma
Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Cryptophyta
phylum
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Foraminifera
phylum
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Foram47,376635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
0 Ma
Extant
Haptophyta
phylum
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Haptophyte Alga1,791304 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Heliozoa
phylum
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Myzozoa
phylum
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
32172 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Ochrophyta
phylum
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oomycota
phylum
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Picozoa
phylum
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Radiozoa
phylum
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Radiolarian49,009513 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Endohelea
class
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Actinastridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Astrolophidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chloromonadaceae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Corythoecidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1383 Ma
Late Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Hexalonchidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
46247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Hexastylidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
30235 Ma
Late Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Palacantholithidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeodiscaleksidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeolithocycliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
23359 Ma
Late Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Paracuboctostylidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polyentactiniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Pseudolitheliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
24273 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Secuicollactidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sticholonchidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thalassosphaeridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Trimeridianellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trizonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Verrucalvaceae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Adlerocystis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Amphicraspedum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Caminosphaera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clathrosphaerula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Collodastrum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Collodinium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Collophidium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cornutanna
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cromyostylus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cubosphaera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hexadorium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lamarkina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lampoxanthella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Odontosphaera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pentaspyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pentinastrum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pharyngosphaera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polymorpha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhaphidoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhaphidonactis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Saldorfus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Saturnalina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semivalvulina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Sethosphaera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Solenosphactra
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Soreuma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sphaerozonoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spongolonchis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tessarospyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thalassicollidium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thalassopila
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thalassoxanthomma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thecosphaerantha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Theosyringium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tholomura
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tripodocorys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trypanosphaera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trypanosphaerula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xanthiosphaera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xiphostylantha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xiphostylomma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hacrobia
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Harosa
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1981Chromista Cavalier-Smith
2003Chromista Kiessling
2015Chromista Ruggiero et al. p. 18

References

Bown P. R., Young J. R. (1997) Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton classification., Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 19, 21-36
Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Ruggiero M. A., Gordon D. P., et al (2015) A higher level classification of all living organisms, PLoS One 10 4, e0119248 doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0119248
Guiry, G.M. (2011) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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