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Chilopoda

Description

Centipedes (from the New Latin prefix centi-, "hundred", and the Latin word pes, pedis, "foot") are predatory arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes millipedes and other multi-legged creatures. Centipedes are elongated metameric creatures with one pair of legs per body segment. Most centipedes are generally venomous and could inflict a painful bite, injecting their venom through pincer-like appendage known as forcipules. Despite the name, centipedes can have a varying number of legs, ranging from 30 to 354. Centipedes always have an odd number of pairs of legs. Therefore, no centipede has exactly 100 legs. Similar to spiders and scorpions, centipedes are predominantly carnivorous.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)360https://www.gbif.org/species/360
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)205077https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=205077
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Chilopoda
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
classMyriapodaLatreille 1802
classChilopoda(Latreille 1817)
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameChilopoda
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)68
Extant Size (PBDB)25 (37%)
First Recorded Appearance423 - 419 Ma
Paleozoic
Motilityactively mobile (based on Arthropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)L. Piton. 1940. Paléontologie du Gisement Éocéne de Menat (Puy-de-Dôme) (Flore et Faune)
Common Name(s) Centipedes, Centipeds, Centipede, Chilopods
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilopoda

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Craterostigmomorpha
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geophilomorpha
order
accepted13156 Ma
Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Lithobiomorpha
order
accepted1199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Scolopendromorpha
order
accepted12280 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Scutigeromorpha
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anopsobiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ballophidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cermatobiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chilenophilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Devonobiidae
family
accepted4388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Gosibiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Latzeliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sogonidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryotion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Devonobius
genus
accepted4388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Nearia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Afronyx phanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Campephilus hondurasensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cleiletha phoenix
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diplinanus branneri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elachistion ellipsis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Encobius monticolens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gnathobius phanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyphilus savanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Labrobrius cobulcanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myxips latens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Rhyniognatha
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct411 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Notostigmophora
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF8extant411 Ma
Early Devonian
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Pleurostigmophora
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF40extant388 Ma
Middle Devonian
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Anamorpha
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1817Chilopoda Latreille
1940Chilopoda Piton p. 104
2007Chilopoda Edgecombe and Giribet

References

Piton L. (1940) , Paléontologie du Gisement Éocéne de Menat (Puy-de-Dôme) (Flore et Faune), 1-303
Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G. (2007) Evolutionary biology of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda), Annual Reviews of Entomology 52, 151-170
Edgecombe, Gregory D., and Gonzalo Giribet, 2006: Evolutionary Biology of Centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda). Annual Review of Entomology, vol. 52. 151-170. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Bonato, L., G. D. Edgecombe, and M. Zapparoli / Minelli, A., ed., 2011: Chilopoda - Taxonomic overview. Treatise on Zoology - The Myriapoda, vol. 1. 363-443. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 2002: null. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Andersson, Meidell, A, Scheller, Winqvist, Osterkamp Madsen, Djursvoll, Budd & Gärdenfors (2005) Nationalnyckeln till Sveriges flora och fauna. Mångfotingar. Myriapoda. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Barber, A. D. (2009). Littoral myriapods. a review. Soil Organisms. 81(3): 735-760. - via World Register of Marine Species
Barber, A.D. (2009a) Centipedes. Linnean Society Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series) 58. Field Studies Council, Shrewsbury. - via World Register of Marine Species
Roth, V.D. & Brown, W.L. (1976) Other air-breathing arthropods in Cheng, L. Marine Insects. North-Holland Publishing, Amsterdam-Oxford, American Elsevier, New York. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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