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Mammalia

Description

Mammals (from Latin mamma "breast") are vertebrate animals constituting the class Mammalia, and characterized by the presence of mammary glands which in females (and sometimes males) produce milk for feeding (nursing) their young, a neocortex (a region of the brain), fur or hair, and three middle ear bones. These characteristics distinguish them from reptiles and birds, from which they diverged in the late Triassic, 201–227 million years ago. There are around 5,450 species of mammals. The largest orders are the rodents, bats and Soricomorpha (shrews and others). The next three are the Primates (apes, monkeys, and others), the Cetartiodactyla (cetaceans and even-toed ungulates), and the Carnivora (cats, dogs, seals, and others).


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)359https://www.gbif.org/species/359
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)36651https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=36651
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
Pancrustacea
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
CercofilataKukalová-Peck 1987
classInsectaLinnaeus 1758
Dicondylia
ParanotaliaSroka et al. 2014
subclassPterygotaBrauer 1885
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923
Holometabola
Aparaglossata
ColeopteridaKukalová-Peck and Lawrence 2004
orderColeopteraLinnaeus 1758
suborderPolyphagaEmery 1886
infraorderCucujiformiaLameere 1938
Phytophaga
superfamilyCurculionoideaLatreille 1802
AspidapiitaeAlonso-Zarazaga 1990
ApionitaeSchonherr 1823
tribeAplemoniniKissinger 1968
PalaeotanaitaeLegalov et al. 2019
tribePalaeotanainiLegalov et al. 2019
familyCurculionidaeLatreille 1802
subfamilyBagoinaeThomson 1859
subfamilyBrachycerinaeBillberg 1820
subfamilyConoderinaeSchoenherr 1833
subfamilyCossoninaeSchoenherr 1825
subfamilyCryptorhynchinaeSchoenherr 1825
subfamilyCryptorrhynchinaeSchoenherr 1825
subfamilyCurculioninaeLatreille 1802
subfamilyCyclominaeSchoenherr 1826
subfamilyDryophthorinaeSchoenherr 1825
subfamilyEctemnorrhininae
subfamilyEntiminaeSchoenherr 1823
subfamilyErirhininaeSchoenherr 1825
subfamilyHylobiinaeThompson 1865
subfamilyHyperinaeMarseul 1863
subfamilyLixinaeSchonherr 1823
subfamilyMesoptiliinaeLacordaire 1863
subfamilyMolytinaeSchonherr 1823
subfamilyOrobitidinaeThomson 1859
tribePalaeocryptorhynchiniPoinar and Legalov 2014
subfamilyPlatypodinaeShuckard 1839
tribeRhytirhinini
subfamilyScolytinaeLatreille 1804
tribeCorthyliniLeconte 1876
tribeCryphalini
tribeCrypturginiLe Conte 1876
tribeCtenophoriniChapuis 1869
tribeCylindrobrotiniKirejtshuk et al. 2009
tribeDryocoetiniLindemann 1877
tribeHexacolini(Eichhoff 1878)
tribeHylastiniLeconte 1876
tribeHylesininiErichson 1836
HylesinitaeErichson 1836
tribeHylurginiGistel 1848
tribeXyloctonini(Eichhoff 1878)
tribeXyloteriniLe Conte 1876
TriploblasticaLankester 1877
NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
OsteichthyesHuxley 1880
SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorphaAhlberg 1991
TetrapodaJaekel 1911
ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
BatrachosauriaEfremov 1946
CotylosauriaCope 1880
AmniotaHaeckel 1866
SynapsidaOsborn 1903
TherapsidaBroom 1905
infraorderCynodontiaOwen 1861
EpicynodontiaHopson and Kitching 2001
infraorderEucynodontiaKemp 1982
ProbainognathiaHopson 1990
MammaliamorphaRowe 1988
MammaliaformesRowe 1988
classMammaliaLinnaeus 1758
genusMammaliaHong and Wang 1987
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameMammalia
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)23,875
Extant Size (PBDB)4,367 (18%)
First Recorded Appearance247 - 242 Ma
Triassic
Environmentterrestrial
Motilityactively mobile (based on Osteichthyes)
Dietinsectivore (based on Mammaliaformes)
Ecospace CommentsSee Jenkins, Jr. and Parrington (1976)
Whatley and Carrano set this to scansorial insectivore oviparous and I am unsetting it because it causes all sorts of bizarre problems; individual orders and families should be set instead
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824
Common Name(s) Mammals, Mammal
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mammalia

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Afrosoricida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Artiodactyla
order
acceptedEven-toed Ungulate20,15661.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Carnivora
order
acceptedCarnivoran11,76566.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Cetacea
order
acceptedWhale4,63956.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Chiroptera
order
acceptedBat1,42756.8 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Cingulata
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dasyuromorphia
order
accepted27558.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Dermoptera
order
acceptedColugo7563.3 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Didelphimorphia
order
accepted696105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Diprotodontia
order
acceptedDiprotodont Marsupial1,38233.9 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Erinaceomorpha
order
accepted14766.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Hyracoidea
order
acceptedHyrax23856.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Lagomorpha
order
accepted2,94058.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Macroscelidea
order
acceptedElephant Shrew1,10866.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Microbiotheria
order
accepted7166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Monotremata
order
acceptedMonotreme31122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Notoryctemorphia
order
accepted223.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Paucituberculata
order
accepted13959.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Peramelemorphia
order
accepted10628.4 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Perissodactyla
order
acceptedOdd-toed Ungulate12,47459.2 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pholidota
order
acceptedPangolin2048.6 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pilosa
order
accepted1,18641.3 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Primates
order
acceptedPrimate4,82166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Proboscidea
order
acceptedProboscidean3,59759.2 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Rodentia
order
acceptedRodent22,63558.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Scandentia
order
acceptedTreeshrew1748.6 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Sirenia
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Soricomorpha
order
accepted2,58193.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Tubulidentata
order
acceptedAardvark10228.1 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Acoelodidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aculeata
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Adianthidae
family
accepted1848.6 Ma
Eocene
15.5 Ma
Miocene
Aegialodontidae
family
accepted0
Agilia
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Albertogaudryidae
family
accepted0
Albionbaataridae
family
accepted5157 Ma
Jurassic
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Alcidedorbignyidae
family
accepted266.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Allodontidae
family
accepted13157 Ma
Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Amblyctonidae
family
accepted0
Amblytheriidae
family
accepted0
Amebelodontidae
family
accepted1823.0 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Ameghinichnidae
family
accepted10122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Amilnedwardsiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphidontidae
family
accepted6183 Ma
Early Jurassic
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Amphilestidae
family
accepted14174 Ma
Middle Jurassic
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Amphitheriidae
family
accepted5168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Apatemyidae
family
accepted23663.3 Ma
Paleocene
30.8 Ma
Oligocene
Apternodontidae
family
accepted8061.7 Ma
Paleocene
33.3 Ma
Oligocene
Arboroharamiyidae
family
accepted2168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Archaeohyracidae
family
accepted8156.0 Ma
Paleocene
21.0 Ma
Miocene
Archaeolambdidae
family
accepted458.7 Ma
Paleocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Archaeomerycidae
family
accepted2248.6 Ma
Eocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Archaeopithecidae
family
accepted2756.0 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Arctocyonidae
family
acceptedCondylarth80672.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Arctostylopidae
family
accepted4461.7 Ma
Paleocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Arginbaataridae
family
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Arguimuridae
family
accepted0
Arguitheriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arsinoitheriidae
family
accepted1256.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Asiatheriidae
family
accepted0
Asioryctidae
family
accepted0
Astigalidae
family
accepted566.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Astrapotheriidae
family
accepted13248.6 Ma
Eocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Atryptheridae
family
accepted0
Ausktribosphenidae
family
accepted0
Austrotriconodontidae
family
accepted0
Barbereniidae
family
accepted0
Barylambdidae
family
accepted2861.7 Ma
Paleocene
50.3 Ma
Eocene
Bemalambdidae
family
accepted2566.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Bobolestidae
family
accepted0
Boffiidae
family
accepted166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Bolodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bondesiidae
family
accepted183.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Borhyaenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brandoniidae
family
accepted0
Breviodontidae
family
accepted0
Brontotheridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caenopidae
family
accepted0
Caenotheriidae
family
accepted0
Calamodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Camelopardalidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Campanorcidae
family
accepted248.6 Ma
Eocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Canthumerycidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Capridae
family
accepted10.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Carodniidae
family
accepted561.7 Ma
Paleocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Casamiquelidae
family
accepted383.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Centetidae
family
accepted0
Ceutholestidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chambelestidae
family
accepted156.0 Ma
Paleocene
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Changlelestidae
family
accepted3955.8 Ma
Eocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Chirogidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlamydotheridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Choloepidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chriacidae
family
accepted1466.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
56.8 Ma
Paleocene
Chronoperatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cimolestidae
family
accepted19283.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Cimolodontidae
family
accepted167105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Cimolomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cimolomyidae
family
accepted28785.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cingulata
family
accepted84658.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Conoryctidae
family
accepted1963.3 Ma
Paleocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Cornwalliusidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corriebaataridae
family
accepted1122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Coryphodontidae
family
accepted53056.8 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Cotylopidae
family
accepted0
Cunicularia
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Cymaprimadontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyriacotheriidae
family
accepted2263.3 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Decipomyidae
family
accepted155.8 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Deltatheridiidae
family
accepted31125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Deltatheroididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Desmostylidae
family
accepted12433.9 Ma
Oligocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Dichodontidae
family
accepted0
Dicrocynodontidae
family
accepted0
Didolodontidae
family
accepted5766.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Dimylidae
family
accepted10128.4 Ma
Oligocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Dipodiscidae
family
accepted1201 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Dipriodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Djadochtatheriidae
family
accepted1983.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Docodontidae
family
accepted28183 Ma
Early Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Doedicuridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Donodontidae
family
accepted4152 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Dormaaliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dryolestidae
family
accepted88168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Duplicidentata
family
accepted2,94566.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Ectoganidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eggysodontidae
family
accepted2337.2 Ma
Eocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Eleutherodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Endotheriidae
family
accepted0
Eoastrapostylopidae
family
accepted0
Eobaataridae
family
accepted28183 Ma
Early Jurassic
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Eopentapodiscidae
family
accepted2201 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Epoicotheriidae
family
accepted4055.8 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Ernanodontidae
family
accepted258.7 Ma
Paleocene
50.3 Ma
Eocene
Esthonychidae
family
accepted37261.7 Ma
Paleocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Etayoidae
family
accepted0
Eucosmodontidae
family
accepted9583.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Eurymylidae
family
accepted1766.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Eurytheriidae
family
accepted0
Eutrachytheridae
family
accepted0
Eutrachytheriidae
family
accepted0
Ferugliotheriidae
family
accepted283.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Geolabididae
family
accepted20163.3 Ma
Paleocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Gobiatheriidae
family
accepted0
Gobiconodontidae
family
accepted30191 Ma
Early Jurassic
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Gondwanatheriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hahnodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hahnotheriidae
family
accepted3168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Halamydae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Haplodontheriidae
family
accepted2111.6 Ma
Miocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Haramiyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haramyidae
family
accepted3156 Ma
Jurassic
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Harpaladae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Harpyodidae
family
accepted0
Hathliacynidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hegetotheriidae
family
accepted19633.9 Ma
Oligocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Henkelotheriidae
family
accepted0
Henosferidae
family
accepted2180 Ma
Early Jurassic
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Henricosborniidae
family
accepted6161.7 Ma
Paleocene
21.0 Ma
Miocene
Heptodontidae
family
accepted0
Herpetotheriidae
family
accepted48583.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Heterosoricidae
family
accepted19546.2 Ma
Eocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Hispanomerycidae
family
accepted0
Holoclemensiidae
family
accepted6122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Homalodontotheridae
family
accepted229.0 Ma
Oligocene
11.8 Ma
Miocene
Homalodotheriidae
family
accepted1237.2 Ma
Eocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Hondadelphidae
family
accepted1123.0 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Hyaenodontidae
family
accepted75161.6 Ma
Paleocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Hyopsodontidae
family
acceptedCondylarth1,22566.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Hypsodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyracotheriidae
family
accepted0
Ierboidae
family
accepted115.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Indolophidae
family
accepted441.3 Ma
Eocene
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Interatheriidae
family
accepted13056.0 Ma
Paleocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Isotemnidae
family
accepted15259.0 Ma
Paleocene
11.8 Ma
Miocene
Jaskhadelphyidae
family
accepted466.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Jeholodentidae
family
accepted1129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Kelbidae
family
accepted320.4 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Kennalestidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kermackiidae
family
accepted4122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Kermackodontidae
family
accepted2168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Klameliidae
family
accepted3166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Kogaionidae
family
accepted25101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Koladae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Kollpaniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kuehneotheriidae
family
accepted3209 Ma
Late Triassic
183 Ma
Early Jurassic
Lagostomyidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Lambdopsalidae
family
accepted1358.7 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Lambdotheriidae
family
accepted0
Leontiniidae
family
accepted7756.0 Ma
Paleocene
7.25 Ma
Miocene
Limnocyonidae
family
accepted0
Macraucheniidae
family
accepted16359.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Macropoda
family
accepted12.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Marsupialia
family
acceptedMarsupial3,308113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Mayulestidae
family
accepted266.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Megazostrodontidae
family
accepted0
Meniscotheridae
family
accepted0
Merycopotamidae
family
accepted0
Mesorhinidae
family
accepted1129.0 Ma
Oligocene
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Mesotheriidae
family
accepted9733.9 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Mesungulatidae
family
accepted886.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Metacheiromyidae
family
accepted10661.7 Ma
Paleocene
46.2 Ma
Eocene
Microcosmodontidae
family
accepted3466.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Micropternodontidae
family
accepted2355.8 Ma
Eocene
20.4 Ma
Miocene
Mimolagidae
family
accepted1661.7 Ma
Paleocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Mimotonidae
family
accepted1761.7 Ma
Paleocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Mingotheriidae
family
accepted266.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Mioclaenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Morganucodontidae
family
accepted21237 Ma
Middle Triassic
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Mozomuridae
family
accepted1122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
109 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Mythomyidae
family
accepted0
Nanocuridae
family
accepted0
Necrolestidae
family
accepted423.0 Ma
Miocene
13.8 Ma
Miocene
Neoplagiaulacidae
family
accepted599105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Notohippidae
family
accepted7256.0 Ma
Paleocene
11.8 Ma
Miocene
Notonychopidae
family
accepted466.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Notopithecidae
family
accepted9059.0 Ma
Paleocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Notostylopidae
family
accepted8258.7 Ma
Paleocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Numbigilgidae
family
accepted15.33 Ma
Miocene
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Ocepeiidae
family
accepted0
Ochtodontidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Oldfieldthomasiidae
family
accepted7759.0 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Oligoryctidae
family
accepted246.2 Ma
Eocene
40.4 Ma
Eocene
Ortotheridae
family
accepted0
Oxyaenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oxyclaenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachyrucidae
family
accepted0
Palaeoamasidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoryctidae
family
accepted11183.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Paleoparadoxidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paleoparadoxiidae
family
accepted5828.1 Ma
Oligocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Palmipeda
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Pantolambdidae
family
accepted3863.3 Ma
Paleocene
50.3 Ma
Eocene
Pantolambdodontidae
family
accepted2661.7 Ma
Paleocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Pantolestidae
family
accepted23466.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Pappotheriidae
family
accepted8122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Paraceratheriidae
family
accepted11055.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Paraeopentapodiscidae
family
accepted2201 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Parapternodontidae
family
accepted555.8 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Paroxyclaenidae
family
accepted1656.0 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Pastoralodontidae
family
accepted1266.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Paulchoffatiidae
family
accepted37168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pediomyidae
family
accepted19986.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Peligrotheriidae
family
accepted166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Pentacodontidae
family
accepted7766.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
50.3 Ma
Eocene
Peramuridae
family
accepted6168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Periptychidae
family
acceptedCondylarth34393.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Perutheriidae
family
accepted158.7 Ma
Paleocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Petrolemuridae
family
accepted261.7 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Phenacodontidae
family
acceptedCondylarth1,27263.3 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Phenacolophidae
family
accepted1161.7 Ma
Paleocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Picopsidae
family
accepted985.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pinheirodontidae
family
accepted13161 Ma
Jurassic
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Plagiaulacidae
family
accepted32209 Ma
Late Triassic
61.7 Ma
Paleocene
Plesiorycteropodidae
family
accepted0
Plesiosoricidae
family
accepted5755.8 Ma
Eocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Plethorodontidae
family
accepted0
Pleuraspidotheriidae
family
accepted1466.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Plicatodontidae
family
accepted0
Polymastodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Potamogalidae
family
accepted141.3 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Praetragulidae
family
accepted2846.2 Ma
Eocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Praopidae
family
accepted0
Prionogalidae
family
accepted223.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Proborhyaenidae
family
accepted1858.7 Ma
Paleocene
21.0 Ma
Miocene
Proboscidea
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prodinoceratidae
family
accepted8161.7 Ma
Paleocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Prodremotheridae
family
accepted0
Proscalopidae
family
accepted10040.4 Ma
Eocene
13.6 Ma
Miocene
Proterotheriidae
family
accepted20459.0 Ma
Paleocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Proterotherioidea
family
accepted0
Protolipternidae
family
accepted1059.0 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Protoxodontidae
family
accepted0
Protypotheriidae
family
accepted9029.0 Ma
Oligocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Pseudolemuridae
family
accepted0
Pseudorhyncocyonidae
family
accepted2666.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Ptilodontidae
family
accepted15883.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Ptolemaiidae
family
accepted533.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Pucadelphydae
family
accepted266.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Pyrotheridae
family
accepted1429.0 Ma
Oligocene
21.0 Ma
Miocene
Pyrotheriidae
family
accepted1255.8 Ma
Eocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Reigitheriidae
family
accepted483.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Repenomamidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhodopagidae
family
accepted0
Rhombomylidae
family
accepted158.7 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Scalopidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Shuotheriidae
family
accepted5168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
157 Ma
Jurassic
Simpsonodontidae
family
accepted3168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Sinoconodontidae
family
accepted0
Sirenia
family
acceptedSirenian84656.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Sloanbaataridae
family
accepted583.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Sororyctidae
family
accepted0
Spalacotheriidae
family
accepted62157 Ma
Jurassic
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Sparnotheriodontidae
family
accepted1356.0 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Stegotheridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stylinodontidae
family
accepted14470.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Subungulata
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Sudamericidae
family
accepted18101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Taeniolabidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Taeniolabididae
family
accepted5470.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
56.8 Ma
Paleocene
Tegotheriidae
family
accepted10168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Tembotheridae
family
accepted0
Teratodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thereuodontidae
family
accepted2145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Theroteinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thylacosmilidae
family
accepted1421.0 Ma
Miocene
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Tillotheriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tinodontidae
family
accepted3166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Titanoideidae
family
accepted4061.7 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Todralestidae
family
accepted859.2 Ma
Paleocene
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Toxodontidae
family
accepted27929.0 Ma
Oligocene
Triconodontidae
family
accepted67191 Ma
Early Jurassic
83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Trigonolestidae
family
accepted0
Trigonostylopidae
family
accepted6459.0 Ma
Paleocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Triisiodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Triplopidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tylopoda
family
accepted2,41948.6 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Typotheriidae
family
accepted52.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Uintatheriidae
family
accepted7758.7 Ma
Paleocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Ursinidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Vastanidae
family
accepted156.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Vincelestidae
family
accepted0
Wangliidae
family
accepted0
Woutersiidae
family
accepted3209 Ma
Late Triassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Wyolestidae
family
accepted0
Xotodontidae
family
accepted19.00 Ma
Miocene
4.00 Ma
Pliocene
Yalkaparidontidae
family
accepted323.0 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Yingabalanaridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yuesthonychidae
family
accepted258.7 Ma
Paleocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Zhangheotheriidae
family
accepted4129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Zhelestidae
family
accepted65157 Ma
Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Zofiabaataridae
family
accepted1152 Ma
Late Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Achaenodon
genus
accepted1346.2 Ma
Eocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Acristatherium
genus
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Adelodelphys
genus
accepted4105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Adelotherium
genus
accepted0
Adrastotherium
genus
accepted0
Agilodocodon
genus
accepted1165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
161 Ma
Jurassic
Akhnatenavus
genus
accepted133.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Alce
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Altacreodus
genus
accepted1072.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ambilestes
genus
accepted970.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
63.3 Ma
Paleocene
Ameribaatar
genus
accepted5105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Amphimoschus
genus
accepted1320.4 Ma
Miocene
7.25 Ma
Miocene
Anathitus
genus
accepted117.5 Ma
Miocene
16.3 Ma
Miocene
Anatoliadelphys
genus
accepted147.8 Ma
Eocene
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Antarctodon
genus
accepted256.0 Ma
Paleocene
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Arcantiodelphys
genus
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Archaeonothos
genus
accepted156.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Archaeoplus
genus
accepted156.0 Ma
Paleocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Arcticanodon
genus
accepted155.8 Ma
Eocene
50.3 Ma
Eocene
Argentodites
genus
accepted183.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Argillomys
genus
accepted1122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Arrhinolemur
genus
accepted0
Arvaldus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baidabatyr
genus
accepted1129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Bathyleptodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Benaius
genus
accepted166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.7 Ma
Paleocene
Brachyostracon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bridetherium
genus
accepted1201 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bularchus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buselaphus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Camelopardalis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carnilestes
genus
accepted566.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.7 Ma
Paleocene
Cedaromys
genus
accepted23113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ceruttia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chalepotherium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chaoyangodens
genus
accepted1129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cherwellia
genus
accepted1168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Chunnelodon
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Clenialites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Creotarsus
genus
accepted0
Cronopio
genus
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Crustulus
genus
accepted166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
63.3 Ma
Paleocene
Culicolestes
genus
accepted6105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Dawsonicyon
genus
accepted150.3 Ma
Eocene
46.2 Ma
Eocene
Dilambdogale
genus
accepted138.0 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Dinosorex
genus
accepted5528.4 Ma
Oligocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Discritochoerus
genus
accepted0
Docofossor
genus
accepted1164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
157 Ma
Jurassic
Dorsetodon
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Drescheratherium
genus
accepted1157 Ma
Jurassic
152 Ma
Late Jurassic
Durlstodon
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Durlstotherium
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Eleutherodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Entocasmus
genus
accepted0
Eoastrapostylops
genus
accepted158.7 Ma
Paleocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Eodidelphys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eolantianus
genus
accepted0
Eolicaphrium
genus
accepted148.6 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Eomaia
genus
accepted1129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Eotetrapodiscus
genus
accepted2201 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Eoungulatum
genus
accepted493.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
86.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ergilia
genus
accepted437.2 Ma
Eocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Eudiastatus
genus
accepted0
Fieratherium
genus
accepted129.0 Ma
Oligocene
21.0 Ma
Miocene
Fractinus
genus
accepted0
Fruitafossor
genus
accepted2164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Ganungulatum
genus
accepted158.7 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Garzonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gerontochoerus
genus
accepted857.25 Ma
Miocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Ghambilentes
genus
accepted0
Glirodon
genus
accepted4164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Gobisorex
genus
accepted1833.9 Ma
Oligocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Griphotherion
genus
accepted148.6 Ma
Eocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Guimarota
genus
accepted0
Hadrocodium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hakusanodon
genus
accepted1140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Hiskatherium
genus
accepted113.8 Ma
Miocene
11.8 Ma
Miocene
Horolodectes
genus
accepted361.7 Ma
Paleocene
56.8 Ma
Paleocene
Huananius
genus
accepted166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
58.7 Ma
Paleocene
Hyainailouros
genus
accepted1528.4 Ma
Oligocene
7.25 Ma
Miocene
Iberica
genus
accepted3130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Itatodon
genus
accepted1168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Jamilcotatus
genus
accepted216.0 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Janumys
genus
accepted7125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Jeholodens
genus
accepted1130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Juchilestes
genus
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Juramaia
genus
accepted2168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Kalakotia
genus
accepted748.6 Ma
Eocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Kharmerungulatum
genus
accepted172.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Khuduklestes
genus
accepted0
Kirtlingtonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lamprodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liaoconodon
genus
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Lotor
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lutrictis
genus
accepted0
Machocyon
genus
accepted256.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Magnimus
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Malutitetrapodiscus
genus
accepted3191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Malutitetrasauropodiscus
genus
accepted0
Maotherium
genus
accepted2125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Microbunodon
genus
accepted1437.2 Ma
Eocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Millsodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Minimus
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Mixoclaenus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Molaetherium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mondegodon
genus
accepted155.8 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Mongoloscapter
genus
accepted133.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Montanalestes
genus
accepted1113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mosaicomeryx
genus
accepted1033.9 Ma
Oligocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Murtoilestes
genus
accepted2130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Myonax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nanolestes
genus
accepted3164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Noaditherium
genus
accepted0
Nosella
genus
accepted259.2 Ma
Paleocene
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Notoetayoa
genus
accepted161.7 Ma
Paleocene
58.7 Ma
Paleocene
Obashtakaia
genus
accepted156.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Ocepeia
genus
accepted361.6 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Olbitherium
genus
accepted155.8 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Olygodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paalitherium
genus
accepted133.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Paceyodon
genus
accepted1201 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Pagiodon
genus
accepted0
Palaeochoerus
genus
accepted1533.9 Ma
Oligocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Palaeomylus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parahyracodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paratritemnodon
genus
accepted547.8 Ma
Eocene
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Paroxyaena
genus
accepted237.2 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Passumys
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
136 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Phthinylla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Picunia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plagiocoelus
genus
accepted117.5 Ma
Miocene
16.3 Ma
Miocene
Platacodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurocyon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Potamotelses
genus
accepted185.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Prohyrax
genus
accepted323.0 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Prolatidens
genus
accepted166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Prosimia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Purbeckodon
genus
accepted2145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Qatranilestes
genus
accepted133.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Quercysorex
genus
accepted533.9 Ma
Oligocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Quercytherium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Quettacyon
genus
accepted256.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Rugosodon
genus
accepted1164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
157 Ma
Jurassic
Sahnitherium
genus
accepted172.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Sasayamamylos
genus
accepted1112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
109 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Sazlestes
genus
accepted193.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Schadipes
genus
accepted272.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Schizotheriodes
genus
accepted146.2 Ma
Eocene
40.4 Ma
Eocene
Scollardius
genus
accepted370.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Sectisodon
genus
accepted120.4 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Sederipes
genus
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Shenshou
genus
accepted1164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
157 Ma
Jurassic
Simplodon
genus
accepted161.7 Ma
Paleocene
58.7 Ma
Paleocene
Sinbadelphys
genus
accepted7113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Sinobaatar
genus
accepted4129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Sinomylus
genus
accepted158.7 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Sororocyon
genus
accepted156.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Stylidens
genus
accepted1168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Suleimania
genus
accepted128.4 Ma
Oligocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Talpavoides
genus
accepted961.7 Ma
Paleocene
50.3 Ma
Eocene
Tapinochoerus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tashkumyrodon
genus
accepted2166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Tendagurodon
genus
accepted1156 Ma
Jurassic
151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tetrodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thulitheripus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tikitherium
genus
accepted1237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Tinoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tribactonodon
genus
accepted1145 Ma
Late Jurassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Tricorynopus
genus
accepted1109 Ma
Early Cretaceous
105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Trimerostephanus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tupaja
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turicius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Venyukovia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Walshius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Widanelfarasia
genus
accepted233.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Wirunodon
genus
accepted137.2 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Xenochoerus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yubaatar
genus
accepted1101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Zhangheotherium
genus
accepted2129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Zodiocyon
genus
accepted155.8 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Alicedorbignya inopinata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chundaria illuminatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Regitherium bunodonta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sorolestes mifunensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thylaloleo carnifex
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zetacodon solus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Prototheria
subclass
Not linked to GBIF1extant156 Ma
Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Docodonta
order
Not linked to GBIF55extinct183 Ma
Early Jurassic
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Allotheria
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF2,105extinct228 Ma
Late Triassic
17.5 Ma
Miocene
Archaeoceti
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF22extinct56.0 Ma
Paleocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Eotheria
subclass
Not linked to GBIF11183 Ma
Early Jurassic
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Yinotheria
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0
Eutriconodonta
order
Not linked to GBIF129extinct191 Ma
Early Jurassic
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Volaticotheria
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Ovovivipara
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Holotheria
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF10extant209 Ma
Late Triassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Tribosphenida
subclass
Not linked to GBIF96,764extant168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Ausktribosphenida
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Bellua
order
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Erecta
order
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Prensiculantia
order
Not linked to GBIF1extant2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Bunotheria
order
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Theriamorpha
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF4,862extant209 Ma
Late Triassic
Simioidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Promammalia
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Pleurodon
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Morganucodonta
order
Not linked to GBIF30extinct237 Ma
Middle Triassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Bolotridon
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct247 Ma
Early Triassic
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Sarcobora
order
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Ditremata
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Hypotheria
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Ptolemaiida
order
Not linked to GBIF9extinct33.9 Ma
Oligocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Arrhinolemuroidea
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Apotheria
subclass
Not linked to GBIF6extinct199 Ma
Early Jurassic
157 Ma
Jurassic
Acrotheria
subclass
Not linked to GBIF23extant209 Ma
Late Triassic
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pachydermata
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Solipedia
order
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Pansirenia
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF846extant56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Miotheria
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Mesotheria
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Holotheria
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Protobradydae GBIFfamilyAnimalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Protobradydae
Blaria Gray, 1843GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Blaria

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1758Mammalia Linnaeus p. 12
1792Sukotyro Kerr
1800Trichechus hydropithecus Shaw p. 247
1829Manatus hydropithecus Fischer p. 502
1839Phoca aegyptiaca Blainville pp. p. 43, 51 figs. Plate 10, Fig. 2
1839Phoca aegyptiaca antiqua Blainville pp. 43, 51 figs. Plate 10, fig. 2
1866Mammalia Haeckel p. CXLI
1894Homunculus imago Ameghino p. 10
1897Pachypithecus Ameghino p. 423
1897Pachypithecus macrognathus Ameghino p. 423
1898Mammalia Gadow p. 39
1901Stenogenium aenigmaticum Ameghino p. 411
1901Diplodon Roth
1901Diplodon ampliatus Roth
1902Proplanodus Ameghino p. 22
1902Proplanodus adnepos Ameghino p. 22
1902Anisorhizus Ameghino p. 27
1902Anisorhizus atriarius Ameghino p. 27
1902Diplodonops Ameghino p. 28
1902Diplodonops ampliatus Ameghino p. 28
1902Protobradidae Ameghino p. 49
1902Protobradys Ameghino p. 49
1902Protobradys harmonicus Ameghino p. 49
1902Mammalia Hay p. 553
1902Prostylophorus Roth p. 252
1902Prostylophorus margeriei Roth p. 252
1902Picunia Roth p. 254
1904Anagonia Ameghino p. 70
1904Anagonia insulata Ameghino p. 70
1904Mammalia Case p. 3
YearName and Author
1904Isolophodon aplanatus Roth p. 144
1905Archaeorycteropus patagonicus Ameghino p. 226
1911Mammalia Jaekel p. 197
1913Aquila ferox Shufeldt p. 297
1930Mammalia Hay p. 360
1933Aquila ferox Lambrecht p. 409
1934Mammalia Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1947Marsupionta Gregory p. 46
1948Protobradys Simpson
1948Protobradys harmonicus Simpson
1981Mammalia Thurmond and Jones p. 164
1982Mammalia Gardiner p. 229
1989Mammalia Gauthier et al. p. 342
1989Mammalia Shoshani et al. p. 436
1991Mammalia Wible
1997Mammalia McKenna and Bell
1997Protobradidae McKenna and Bell p. 82
1997Protobradys McKenna and Bell p. 82
1998Mammalia Barnes
1998Marsupionta Kirsch and Mayer p. 1234
1999Mammalia Flynn et al. p. 58
2001Australosphenida Luo et al. p. 53 fig. 57
2002Mammalia Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Australosphenida Luo et al. p. 1938
2003Mammalia Luo et al. p. 1938
2004Australosphenida Kielan-Jaworowska et al. p. 206
2008Mammalia Rowe et al. p. 1241
2011Australosphenida Averianov and Lopatin p. 34
2011Praephoca Diedrich p. 916
2011Praephoca bendullensis Diedrich p. 916 figs. Figure 1a

References

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Fischer J. B. , Synopsis Mammalium, 1-752
Haeckel E. , Generelle Morphologie der Organismen, Allgemeine Grundzuge der Organischen Formen-Wissenschaft, Mechanisch Begründet Durch die von Charles Darwin Reformirte Descendez-Theorie. Verlag von Georg Reimer, Berlin, CLX-462
Ameghino F. Enumeration synoptique des especes de mammifères fossiles des formations éocènes de Patagonie, Boletin de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias en Cordoba (Republica Argentina) 13, 259-452
Ameghino F. Mammiféres crétacés de l’Argentine (Deuxième contribution à la connaissance de la fauna mammalogique de couches à Pyrotherium) [Cretaceous mammals of Argentina (second contribution to the knowledge of the mammalian fauna of the Pyrotherium Beds)], Boletin Instituto Geografico Argentino 18 4–9, 406-521
Ameghino F. Mammiféres crétacés de l’Argentine (Deuxième contribution à la connaissance de la fauna mammalogique de couches à Pyrotherium) [Cretaceous mammals of Argentina (second contribution to the knowledge of the mammalian fauna of the Pyrotherium Beds)], Boletin Instituto Geografico Argentino 18 4–9, 406-521
Gadow H. , A Classification of Vertebrata Recent and Extinct, xvii-82
Ameghino F. (1901) Notices préliminaires sur des ongulés nouveaux des terrains crétacés de Patagonie [Preliminary notes on new ungulates from the Cretaceous terrains of Patagonia], Boletin de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Córdoba 16, 349-429
Ameghino F. (1902) Notices préliminaires sur des mammifères nouveaux des terrains Crétacé de Patagonie {preliminary notes on new mammals from the Cretaceous terrains of Patagonia], Boletin de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Córdoba 17, 5-70
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Ameghino F. (1902) Notices préliminaires sur des mammifères nouveaux des terrains Crétacé de Patagonie {preliminary notes on new mammals from the Cretaceous terrains of Patagonia], Boletin de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Córdoba 17, 5-70
Ameghino F. (1902) Notices préliminaires sur des mammifères nouveaux des terrains Crétacé de Patagonie {preliminary notes on new mammals from the Cretaceous terrains of Patagonia], Boletin de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Córdoba 17, 5-70
Hay O. P. (1902) , Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey 179, 1-868
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Case E. C. (1904) Systematic Paleontology: Mammalia, Maryland Geological Survey Miocene: Text, 1-58
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Hay O. P. (1930) Second Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America, Carnegie Institution of Washington 390 II, 1-1074
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Säve-Söderbergh G. (1934) Some points of view concerning the evolution of the Vertebrates and the classification of this group, Arkiv för Zoologi 26A 17, 1-20
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Gauthier J. A., Cannatella D., et al (1989) Tetrapod phylogeny, In B. Fernholm, K. Bremer, & H. Jörnvall (eds.), The Hierarchy of Life. Elsevier Science Publishers B. V., Amsterdam, 337-353
Shoshani J., Fisher D. C., et al (1989) The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan, Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 27 14, 393-436
Wible J. R. (1991) Origin of Mammalia: the craniodental evidence reexamined, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 11 1, 1-28
McKenna M. C., Bell S. K. (1997) , Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level, 1-640
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McKenna M. C., Bell S. K. (1997) , Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level, 1-640
Flynn J. J., Parrish J. M., et al (1999) A Middle Jurassic mammal from Madagascar, Nature 401, 57-60 doi:10.1038/43420
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Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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