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Ostracoda

Description

Ostracods, or ostracodes, are a class of the Crustacea (class Ostracoda), sometimes known as seed shrimp. Some 70,000 species (only 13,000 of which are extant) have been identified, grouped into several orders. They are small crustaceans, typically around 1 mm (0.039 in) in size, but varying from 0.2 to 30 mm (0.008 to 1.181 in) in the case of Gigantocypris. Their bodies are flattened from side to side and protected by a bivalve-like, chitinous or calcareous valve or "shell". The hinge of the two valves is in the upper (dorsal) region of the body. Ostracods are grouped together based on gross morphology. While early work indicated the group may not be monophyletic; and early molecular phylogeny was ambiguous on this front, recent combined analyses of molecular and morphological data found support for monophyly in analyses with broadest taxon sampling


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)353https://www.gbif.org/species/353
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)22826https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=22826
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Ecdysozoa
-Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
-Pancrustacea
subphylumCrustaceaBrünnich 1772
classOstracodaLatreille 1802
Common Nameostracod
Scientific NameOstracoda
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Ostracodaclassbelongs to Crustaceastated without evidenceUlrich and Bassler, 1904
Ostracodaclassbelongs to Arthropodasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Ostracodaclassbelongs to Crustaceastated without evidenceKiessling, 2003
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)4,141
Extant Size (PBDB)358 (8.6%)
First Recorded Appearance541 - 516 Ma
Cambrian
Environmenthypersaline,marine,brackish,freshwater
Motilityactively mobile
Visionlimited
Taphonomylow Mg calcite
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. A. Latreille. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes, Tome Troisième
Common Name(s) Ostracods, Ostracodes, Musselkräftor, Ostracod, Mussel Shrimps, Muschelkrebse, Ostracoden, Mosselkreeftjes, Mussel Shrimp, Seed Shrimp, Seed Shrimps, 貝形虫
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostracoda

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Myodocopa
subclass
listed (PBDB)554461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Podocopa
subclass
listed (PBDB)22,411488 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Beyrichiocopa
order
listed (PBDB)2458 Ma
Late Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Halocyprida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
18260 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Leperditicopida
order
listed (PBDB)809513 Ma
Cambrian
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Metacopida
order
listed (PBDB)208470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
199 Ma
Early Jurassic
Myodocopida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
536461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Palaeocopida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4,695488 Ma
Cambrian
93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Platycopina
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
397427 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Podocopida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
14,458485 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Paleocopa
suborder
listed (PBDB)820485 Ma
Cambrian
260 Ma
Permian
Beyrichonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bodzentiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bolbinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bradoriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Budnianellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Buregiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cambriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clavofabellinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Comptalutidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Conchoprimitiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Cryptophyllidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cyclocyprididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Duibianellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eridoconchidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Euprimitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1450 Ma
Late Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Falitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fallaticellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Glanditidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gotlandellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haoiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hatangeidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hesslandonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hipponicharionidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hithidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Imangditidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Indianidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Isochilinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
439 Ma
Silurian
Jaanussonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jaanussoniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Janischewskyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kielcellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kloedenellitinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kloedeniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Krausellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kunmingellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leguminocythereididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leperditiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
682513 Ma
Cambrian
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Lichwiniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Limbatulidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lysogorellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monasteriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neodrepanellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neoulrichiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nezamysliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oepikalutidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Orcofabellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ordovizonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parapribylitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perprimitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polenovulidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pribylitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Primitiopsidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Punciidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rectellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ropolonellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rozhdestvenskayitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Schmidtellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sigmoopsiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
57472 Ma
Early Ordovician
439 Ma
Silurian
Sinocoelonellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sulcacellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sulcaticellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Svealutidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tetrasacculidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Triemilomatellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ulopsidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Urftellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ventrigyridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Venzavellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vestrogothiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Volganellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3269 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Zhexiellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aboilia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Acanthomeridion
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Acrossula
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Aequacytheridea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Akrogmocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Alciella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Allostraca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Alveus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Americoncha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Amicytheridea
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
23170 Ma
Middle Jurassic
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Amsdenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anabarochilina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Anfedatia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Antepaijenborchella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aristaluta
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Arruzocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulacocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aurilia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
116.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Australopsis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bairdites
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Baritella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bassleria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Belekocytheridea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Beninea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bennviaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Berdanopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Biaurina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bicornucandona
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bigornucythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bingeria
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5427 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Birdsallella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
16388 Ma
Middle Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Bivia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1472 Ma
Early Ordovician
472 Ma
Early Ordovician
Bopaina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Borodiella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Boucekites
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Brachycytheropteron
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Brillius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Budnianella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bullaluta
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bursulella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bythocytheremorpha
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
138.0 Ma
Eocene
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Cambraechmina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Capricambria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Carbonita
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9365 Ma
Late Devonian
296 Ma
Permian
Carboprimitia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Carnarvonia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Caspiocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cavellinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cedocamia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Celechovites
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1388 Ma
Middle Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Ceratocypris
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ceratoleperditia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5479 Ma
Early Ordovician
479 Ma
Early Ordovician
Cetollina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6260 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Cheikella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chejucythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chelocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chevroleperditia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chuandianella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cladarocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Clinocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cloughtonella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Combinivalvula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Comptaluta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Conchoides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cornucandona
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cornulina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coryellites
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
20303 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Craspedopyxion
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Crescenticythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Cyclocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
711.6 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Cyprinotus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
672.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Cyrtocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cytheropsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Damaoella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Darwinula
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
54259 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Denisonella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Denticulocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dhrumaella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Dolichocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dorispina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Dorsoobliquella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dryelba
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Duibianella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1516 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Egacythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Elachistocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eodominina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eopilla
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eoprimitia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eucraterellina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3423 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Eumiraculum
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
12254 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Eurybolbina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Evisceratocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Falites
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Favella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
716.0 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Fengtaiella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Fiorello
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Flemingia
genus
listed (PBDB)3513 Ma
Cambrian
339 Ma
Carboniferous
Flemingopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Forcipicythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fronslarvata
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Galeopsis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gamagyangnella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Gelidicella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gephyropsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gerdalia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
13259 Ma
Permian
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Gerubiella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ginella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Gipsella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gladioscutum
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Glyptopleurites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Golcondella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gutschickia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hamanella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hameaschmidtella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Hanchiangella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hardinia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hastifaba
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hekistocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Herpetocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hesperocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hesslandona
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5520 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Heterocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
620.4 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Hilseweckella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hogmochilina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3433 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Hollites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Howecythereis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Huanghuaella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Hupehella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Hyperchilarina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Idiomorphina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ilhasina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ilmenoindivisia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Infractivelum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Infracytheropteron
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7182 Ma
Early Jurassic
172 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Isomoenocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Issacharella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jainella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jamischjewskya
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Janetina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jixinglingella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Kanyginia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kenodontochilina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Khataiella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kiltsiella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kuiperiana
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
637.2 Ma
Eocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Kuresaaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
13426 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Lepiditta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Liagnshanella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Lichnocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lichvinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Limnocypridea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Linocheles
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lochriella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lodesia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Longispinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Looneyellopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Loquitzella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lublinella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Lucasocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ludvigsenites
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Macrocytherina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Maghrebeis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Majiashanella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Malongella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Malzia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mannosocmia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Marginotimorites
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Mesocytheridea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Microcoeloenella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Microcosmia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Microschmidtella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Moenocypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monasterium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monoasterope
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Morrowina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nanocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Navicularina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Nematohamma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nensomites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neoesidea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neonsidea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Netzkaina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ningulella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Normania
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Novakina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Nuferella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ochesaarina
genus
listed (PBDB)
Octonaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
24466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Octonariella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Octonariellina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Oepikaluta
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1505 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Oertliana
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ogilvites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Okinawaella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Otikocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paikcythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pakistanella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paleocythere
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Paleodarwinula
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
46272 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Parabingeria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parabriartina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paragraphylus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parahemingnayella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parashergoldopsis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Paratsunyiella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Persansabella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perspicytherois
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Petrobrasia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phasoia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Phractocytheridea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phrixocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Placentella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Platycosta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plesidielymella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ploteristes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ponthocythere
genus
listed (PBDB)116.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Prasuchonella
genus
listed (PBDB)16272 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Primitivothlipsurella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prodictyocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protobasslerites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudonodellina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Pulvillites
genus
listed (PBDB)
Punctoprimitia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pyxiprimitia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1458 Ma
Late Ordovician
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Quasibollia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Qujingsia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Raoimella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reconcavona
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Renicytherura
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2190 Ma
Early Jurassic
172 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Reticulocambria
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Reversoparaparchites
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Rhizagravia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhociobairdia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Riekocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rothella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3423 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Rudderina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sansabelloides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Saturnites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Schallreuterina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Schizoptocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Schohariella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semidarwinula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semillia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Seminolites
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5359 Ma
Late Devonian
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Senescella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Septadella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Shattuckocythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Shenandoia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Shergoldopsis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sigillium
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Silus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sinessites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Southcavea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spinicytheridea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spinomicrocheilinell
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spinospitella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spinovina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spytihnevites
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sternbergella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stibus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Strepulites
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3388 Ma
Middle Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Striabythere
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Subarctichites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Suchonellina
genus
listed (PBDB)14269 Ma
Permian
259 Ma
Permian
Supratoarcina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2182 Ma
Early Jurassic
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Svealuta
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Tandonella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tatariella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tegaspis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tethysia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3172 Ma
Middle Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Tethysobuntonia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tetracytheridea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tetradellina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tetrasulcata
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Thlipsurina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Thlipsuroides
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1443 Ma
Silurian
443 Ma
Silurian
Tirisochilina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Torusilina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Trapezisylthere
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Trapezoidella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Triglavus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trispinatia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trubinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tsunyiella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tubupestis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ulopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Uninodobolba
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Uthoerina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Utsatia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Uvonhactia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Valcouropsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Valentinia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Varix
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vauscripta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vecticypris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Venzavella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Verrucocythereis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Verrucosella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vestrogothia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Vietor
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vitella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Voibokalina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Waldoria
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Yaxianella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Yulinella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1419 Ma
Early Devonian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Zerqacythere
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Zeuschnerina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Zygobolbina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Zygobursa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Acanthocytheres acroreticulata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bairdiahealdites scapulatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bairdoppitata paraalayonicola
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bairdoppitata paracratericola
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cohenia taiti
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Croninocythereis cronini
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Croninocythereis tridentiferi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eororundracythere levigata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Florello asymmetricus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Florello rousseaui
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Florello sigmoidalis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Florello umbonatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Graphiopunchites abednegi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Krutakia cocoaensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Microchilinella inflata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paracredneria vandenboldi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plicocandona valentis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ryugucivis acuminata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ryugucivis jablonskii
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ryugucivis obtusa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Strasburgites shenandoahensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Strasburgites virginiensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tiskentensis tasketi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tuberocypris acuminatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tuberocypris ovalis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tuberocypris quadralis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tuberocyproides dipleura
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Altha Neckaja, 1958GBIFgenusAnimalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Altha

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1802Ostracoda Latreille
1904Ostracoda Ulrich and Bassler p. 94
1989Beichuania Xie
1989Beichuania subscalaris Xie
1992Ostracoda Bengtson p. 1022
2001Ostracoda Martin and Davis p. 64
2002Ostracoda Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Ostracoda Kiessling

References

Latreille P. A. , Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes, Tome Troisième, 1-467
Ulrich E. O., Bassler R. S. (1904) Ostracoda, Maryland Geological Survey Miocene Text, 98-129
Xie L. (1989) Ostracod names, in Ostracoda and Eurypteria, Study on the Permian-Triassic Biostratigraphy and Event Stratigraphy of Northern Sichuan and Southern Shaanxi, 211-220
Bengtson S. (1992) Proterozoic and earliest Cambrian skeletal metazoans, The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study, 1017-1034
Martin J. W., Davis G. E. (2001) An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Series 39, 1-124
Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Martin, Joel W., and George E. Davis, 2001: An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles, Science Series 39. 124. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Latreille, P. A. (1802). Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes. Histoires des Cypris et des Cytherées. 8 (4), 232-254. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Bowman, Thomas E., and Lawrence G. Abele / Lawrence G. Abele, ed. / Dorothy E. Bliss, ed.-in-chief, 1982: Chapter 1: Classification of the Recent Crustacea. The Biology of Crustacea, vol. 1: Systematics, the Fossil Record, and Biogeography. 1-27. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
WoRMS (2016) Accessed through World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Brusca, R.C.; Brusca, G.J. (1990). Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA (USA). ISBN 0-87893-098-1. 922 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Martin, J.W., & Davis, G.E. (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. Science Series, 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA (USA). 124 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Latreille, P. A. (1802). Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes. Histoires des Cypris et des Cytherées. 8 (4), 232-254. - via World Register of Marine Species
Brusca, R.C.; Brusca, G.J. (1990). Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA (USA). ISBN 0-87893-098-1. 922 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Martin, J.W., & Davis, G.E. (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. Science Series, 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA (USA). 124 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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