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Monoplacophora

Description

Monoplacophora, meaning "bearing one plate", is a polyphyletic superclass of molluscs with a cap-like shell now living at the bottom of the deep sea. Extant representatives were not recognized as such until 1952; previously they were known only from the fossil record.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)347https://www.gbif.org/species/347
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)57663https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=57663
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Monoplacophora
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
SerialiaGiribet et al. 2006
classMonoplacophoraKnight 1952
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameMonoplacophora
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)7
Extant Size (PBDB)1 (14%)
First Recorded Appearance541 - 516 Ma
Cambrian
Motilityactively mobile
Visionblind
Dietgrazer
Ecospace CommentsLIFE HISTORY: Epifaunal, fully motile slow, grazer according to Bambach et al (2007); data from Meyer and Davis (2009).
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. B. Knight. 1952. Primitive fossil gastropods and their bearing on gastropod classification. 117(13):1-56
Common Name(s) Monoplacophorans
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monoplacophora

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Tryblidiida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeopragidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archinacellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carcassonnellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtolitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtonellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hypseloconidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Maikhanellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metoptomatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeacmaeidae
family
accepted0
Pollicinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Shelbyoceridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinoconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anabarella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeotremaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cosminoconella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Costipelagiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Emeithella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eosoconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Granoconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kirengella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Laticonus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liantuoconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Patelliconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pilinopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platypilina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Postacanthella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protoconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoscenella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinuconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spatuloconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trigyra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Truncatoconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Wildernessia
genus
accepted0
Yangtzeconus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proecceyliopterus chronus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Semicirculatea semilunensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Eomonoplacophora
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Multifariida
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Sinuitopsida
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1952Monoplacophora Knight
2006Monoplacophora Giribet et al. p. 7725

References

Knight J. B. (1952) Primitive fossil gastropods and their bearing on gastropod classification 117 13, 1-56
Giribet G., Okusu A., et al (2006) Evidence for a clade composed of molluscs with serially repeated structures: monoplacophorans are related to chitons, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 20, 7723-7728
Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al., 1998: Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed.. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Vaught, K. C. / Abbott, Robert T. and Kenneth J. Boss, 1989: null. A classification of the living Mollusca. xii+195. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Wenz W. 1940. Ursprung und frühe Stammesgeschichte der Gastropoden. Archiv für Molluskenkunde 72: 1-110. - via World Register of Marine Species
An outline for the classification of Phylum Mollusca in taxonomic databases [report elaborated by WoRMS editors for internal use, june 2010] - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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