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Zygnematophyceae

Description

Zygnematophyceae (or Conjugatophyceae) is a class of green algae in the division Charophyta. It contains the order Zygnematales. The Desmidiales emerged within the Zygnematales. The Zygnematophyceae are the sister clade of the Mesotaenium, together forming the sister clade of the land plants. The body plan of Zygnematophyceae is simple, and appear to have gone through a secondary loss of morphological complexity. They contain genes involved in protection from desiccation that appear to have been derived by horizontal gene transfer from bacteria; the genes are found in plants, Zygnematophyceae, bacteria, but no other organisms. The genes may have helped to enable plants to make the transition to life on land.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)333https://www.gbif.org/species/333
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Plantae : Charophyta : Zygnematophyceae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Scientific NameZygnematophyceae
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zygnematophyceae

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Zygnematales
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant

References

Guiry, G.M. (2011) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Guiry, M.D. (2013) Taxonomy and nomenclature of the Conjugatophyceae (= Zygnematophyceae). Algae 28 (1): 1-29 - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Guiry, M.D. (2013) Taxonomy and nomenclature of the Conjugatophyceae (= Zygnematophyceae). Algae 28 (1): 1-29 - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. - via World Register of Marine Species
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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