登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography
BETA TEST - Fossil data and pages are very much experimental and under development. Please report any problems

Chlorophyceae

Description

The Chlorophyceae are one of the classes of green algae, distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology. For example, the chlorophycean CW clade, and chlorophycean DO clade, are defined by the arrangement of their flagella. Members of the CW clade have flagella that are displaced in a "clockwise" (CW, 1–7 o'clock) direction e.g. Chlamydomonadales. Members of the DO clade have flagella that are "directly opposed" (DO, 12–6 o'clock) e.g. Sphaeropleales. They are usually green due to the dominance of pigments chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b. The chloroplast may be discoid, plate-like, reticulate, cup-shaped, spiral or ribbon shaped in different species. Most of the members have one or more storage bodies called pyrenoids located in the chloroplast. Pyrenoids contain protein besides starch. Some algae may store food in the form of oil droplets. Green algae usually have a rigid cell wall made up of an inner layer of cellulose and outer layer of pectose.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)329https://www.gbif.org/species/329
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)54452https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=54452
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Plantae : Chlorophyta : Chlorophyceae
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Chlorophyta : Chlorophyceae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
Life
EukaryotaChatton 1925
Archaeplastida
Chloroplastida
phylumChlorophytaReichenbach 1834
classChlorophyceaeKützing 1843
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameChlorophyceae
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)38
Extant Size (PBDB)4 (11%)
First Recorded Appearance488 - 478 Ma
Paleozoic
Environmentlagoonal,coastal,inner shelf,marine,brackish,freshwater (based on Chlorophyta)
Motilitystationary, attached (based on Chlorophyta)
Dietphotoautotroph (based on Chlorophyta)
Primary Reference (PBDB)D. Bassi. 1998. Coralline algal facies and their palaeoenvironments in the Late Eocene of northern Italy (Calcare di Nago, Trento). Facies 39:179-202
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlorophyceae

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Acrosiphoniales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caulerpales
order
accepted410516 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Chaetopeltidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chaetophorales
order
accepted1129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Chlamydomonadales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlorocystidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Codiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dunaliellales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oedogoniales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaeophilales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphaeropleales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetrasporales
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Volvocales
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Anatoliporaceae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Chlorangiopsidaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microcodiaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoberesellaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Szeellaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetracystaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Apodocloris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boueina
genus
accepted75237 Ma
Middle Triassic
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cephalomonas
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlorolobium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlorotylites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crassikamaena
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cribrokamaena
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hexamitus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oedocladium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ovillaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoporella
genus
accepted5458 Ma
Middle Ordovician
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Piaea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Dascladales
order
Not linked to GBIF0
Receptaculitidae
family
Not linked to GBIF239488 Ma
Cambrian
260 Ma
Permian
Paleosiphonocladales
order
Not linked to GBIF16extinct382 Ma
Late Devonian
272 Ma
Permian
Chlorococcales
order
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Chuvashovia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1843Chlorophyceae Kützing
1997Chlorophyceae Kenrick and Crane
2003Chlorophyceae Kiessling
2008Chlorophyceae Taylor et al. p. 1027

References

Bassi D. (1998) Coralline algal facies and their palaeoenvironments in the Late Eocene of northern Italy (Calcare di Nago, Trento), Facies 39, 179-202
Kenrick P., Crane P.R. (1997) , The Origin and Early Diversification of Land Plants: a Cladistic Study
Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Taylor E., Taylor T., et al (2008) Paleobotany: The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants, 1-1230
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via World Register of Marine Species
Silva, Paul C. / Parker, Sybil P., ed., 1982: Chlorophyceae. Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms, vol. 1. 133-164. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Van den Hoek, C. et al. (1995) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Guiry, G.M. (2011) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.2.24 14:14:33
Go to top of page