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Charophyceae

Description

Charophyceae is a class of charophyte green algae, and consists of the single order Charales, commonly known as "stoneworts" and "brittleworts". It is a basal Phragmoplastophyta clade as sister of another unnamed clade which contains the Embryophytes (land plants). Charophyceae are a class within the Streptophyta. Current consensus treats Charophyceae as a class under division Charophyta, with Chlorophyta remaining a distinct division. In 2018, the first nuclear genome sequence from a species belonging to the most basal branch within the Phragmoplastophyta, the Charophyceae, has been published: that of Chara braunii


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)328https://www.gbif.org/species/328
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)55111https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=55111
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Plantae : Charophyta : Charophyceae
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Charophyta : Charophyceae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
Life
EukaryotaChatton 1925
Archaeplastida
Chloroplastida
phylumCharophytaMigula 1890
classCharophyceaeSmith 1938
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameCharophyceae
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)74
Extant Size (PBDB)8 (11%)
First Recorded Appearance252 - 247 Ma
Phanerozoic
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. Kenrick and P.R. Crane. 1997. The Origin and Early Diversification of Land Plants: a Cladistic Study
Common Name(s) Charophytes
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charophyceae

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Charales
order
accepted191237 Ma
Middle Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Coleochaetales
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Sycidiales
order
accepted0
Umbellinales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Moellerinaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Moellerinales
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1938Charophyceae Smith
1997Charophyceae Kenrick and Crane
1997Charophyceae Ruiz-Omeñaca et al. p. 9

References

Kenrick P., Crane P.R. (1997) , The Origin and Early Diversification of Land Plants: a Cladistic Study
Ruiz-Omeñaca J. I., Canudo J. I., et al (1997) Primera evidencia de un área de alimentación de dinosaurios herbívoros en el Cretácico Inferior de España (Teruel) [First evidence of a feeding area of herbivorous dinosaurs in the Lower Cretaceous of Spain (Teruel)], Monografias de la Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas, Quimicas y Naturales de Zaragoza 10, 1-48
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via World Register of Marine Species
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Van den Hoek, C. et al. (1995) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Guiry, G.M. (2011) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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