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Pentameridae ✝

Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)3252483https://www.gbif.org/species/3252483
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)110296https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=110296
Rankfamily
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Pentamerida : Pentameridae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
-Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderPentameridaSchuchert and Cooper 1931
suborderPentameridinaSchuchert and Cooper 1931
superfamilyPentameroideaMcCoy 1844
familyPentameridaeM'Coy 1844
Scientific NamePentameridae
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Pentameridaefamilybelongs to PentameraceaimpliedTalent, 1963
Pentameridaefamilybelongs to Pentameraceastated without evidenceBassett and Cocks, 1974
Pentameridaefamilybelongs to Pentameroideastated with evidenceJin and Chatterton, 1997
Status (PBDB)extinct
Taxon Size (PBDB)44
First Recorded Appearance443 - 441 Ma
Silurian
Last Recorded Appearance388 - 384 Ma
Middle Devonian
Motilitystationary (based on Pentamerida)
Visionblind (based on Rhynchonellata)
Dietsuspension feeder (based on Pentamerida)
Ecospace CommentsBODY SIZE: Based on component genera; 5 of 5 genera share 10 to < 100 length, 5 of 5 share 10 to < 100 width.
Taphonomylow Mg calcite (based on Brachiopoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)F. M'Coy. 1844. A synopsis of the characters of the Carboniferous limestone fossils of Ireland

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Pentamerinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)
Pentameroidinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)4443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Bisulcata
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3427 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Brooksina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
25443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Capelliniella
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Eokirkidium
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1427 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Eopentamerus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5443 Ma
Silurian
441 Ma
Silurian
Harpidium
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
59443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Jolvia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1443 Ma
Silurian
443 Ma
Silurian
Kirkidium
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
50443 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Lissocoelina
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Nanukidium
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2443 Ma
Silurian
426 Ma
Silurian
Pentamerifera
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Pentameroides
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
83443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Pentamerus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
222443 Ma
Silurian
409 Ma
Early Devonian
Rhipidium
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
22433 Ma
Silurian
426 Ma
Silurian
Stenopentamerus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Twenhofelia
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1844Pentameridae M'Coy
1963Pentameridae Talent p. 69
1974Pentameridae Bassett and Cocks
1997Pentameridae Jin and Chatterton
2002Pentameridae Williams et al. p. 971

References

M'Coy F. , A synopsis of the characters of the Carboniferous limestone fossils of Ireland, 1-274
Talent J. A. (1963) The Devonian of the Mitchell and Wentworth Rivers, Geological Survey of Victoria Memoir 24, 1-118
Bassett M. G., Cocks L. R. M. (1974) A review of Silurian brachiopods from Gotland, Fossils and Strata 3, 1-56
Jin J., Chatterton B. D. E. (1997) Latest Ordovician-Silurian articulate brachiopods and biostratigraphy of the Avalanche Lake area, southwestern District of Mackenzie, Canada, Palaeontographica Canadiana 13, 1-62
Williams A., Brunton C. H. C., et al (2002) Part H Brachiopoda (revised): Volume 4, Rhynchonelliformea (part), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, 921-1688
Benton, M.J. (ed). (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, 845 pp. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Museum Victoria KEmu database (Oct 2006) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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