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Athyrididae ✝

Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)3252335https://www.gbif.org/species/3252335
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)81197https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=81197
Rankfamily
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Athyridida : Athyrididae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
-Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderAthyrididaBoucot et al. 1964
suborderAthyrididinaBoucot et al. 1964
superfamilyAthyridoideaMcCoy 1844
familyAthyrididaeMcCoy 1841
Scientific NameAthyrididae
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Athyrididaefamilybelongs to Rostrospiraceastated without evidenceHoare, 1961
Athyrididaefamilybelongs to Athyridaceastated with evidenceRubel and Modzalevskaya, 1967
Athyrididaefamilybelongs to Athyridaceastated without evidenceBassett and Cocks, 1974
Athyrididaefamilybelongs to Athyridoideastated without evidenceSavage and Baxter, 1995
Athyrididaefamilybelongs to Athyroideastated with evidenceJin and Chatterton, 1997
Athyrididaefamilybelongs to Athyridoideastated with evidenceWilliams et al., 2002
Athyrididaefamilybelongs to Athyridoideastated with evidenceMusteikis and Modzalevskaya, 2002
Athyrididaefamilymisspelling of Athyrididaestated with evidenceWilliams et al., 2002
Athyrididaefamilybelongs to Athyridioideastated without evidenceShen et al., 2003
Status (PBDB)extinct
Taxon Size (PBDB)367
First Recorded Appearance443 - 439 Ma
Silurian
Last Recorded Appearance183 - 182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Motilitystationary (based on Athyrididina)
Visionblind (based on Rhynchonellata)
Dietsuspension feeder (based on Athyrididina)
Taphonomylow Mg calcite (based on Brachiopoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. Phillips. 1841. Figures and descriptions of the Palaeozoic fossils of Cornwall, Devon, and West Somerset; observed in the course of the Ordinance Geological Survey of that district. Geological Society of London

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Athyridinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)1,148443 Ma
Silurian
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Athyrisininae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)51427 Ma
Silurian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Cleiothyrididinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)1,841388 Ma
Middle Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Comelicaniinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)33254 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Didymothyridinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)178441 Ma
Silurian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Helenathyridinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)1383 Ma
Late Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Janicepsinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)45260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Lochengiinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)47372 Ma
Late Devonian
265 Ma
Permian
Plicathyridinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)151412 Ma
Early Devonian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Pradoiinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)2419 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Protathyridinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)
Spirigerellinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)3,398411 Ma
Early Devonian
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Transcaucasathyriinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)323290 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Xenosariinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)5269 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Actinoconchus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
39376 Ma
Late Devonian
260 Ma
Permian
Anathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
52412 Ma
Early Devonian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Araxathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
355279 Ma
Permian
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Athyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
940443 Ma
Silurian
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Bajtugania
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
52272 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Baliqliqia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Buchanathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
15419 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Cleiothyridina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,701388 Ma
Middle Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Collarothyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
21426 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Comelicania
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
27254 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Comelicothyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
13254 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Composita
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2,002380 Ma
Late Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Crinisarina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
23383 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Cryptospirifer
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
32372 Ma
Late Devonian
265 Ma
Permian
Didymothyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
47441 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Glassina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9433 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Gruntallina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6254 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Gruntea
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Himathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
11290 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Janiceps
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
32260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Johnsonathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Juxathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
152290 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Kintathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1296 Ma
Permian
296 Ma
Permian
Leiothycridina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6359 Ma
Late Devonian
269 Ma
Permian
Leptathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
38409 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Mayangella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3260 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Nordathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Pachyplax
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
28408 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Pachyplaxoides
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1380 Ma
Late Devonian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Pinegathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
44299 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Planalvus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
8411 Ma
Early Devonian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Posicomta
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
16279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Pradoia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1403 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Protathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
105443 Ma
Silurian
409 Ma
Early Devonian
Pseudoprotathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
37441 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Rectambitus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Septospirigerella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
74269 Ma
Permian
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Spirigera
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
50272 Ma
Permian
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Spirigerella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
912411 Ma
Early Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Tarimathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
30290 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Titanothyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
14279 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Tongzithyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10265 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Transcaucasathyris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
171265 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Xenosaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5269 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Athyris naliensis Reed, 1944GBIFspeciesAnimalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Athyridida : Athyrididae : Athyris naliensis
Athyridae GBIFfamilyAnimalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Athyridida : Athyridae

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1841Athyrididae McCoy p. 94
1944Athyris naliensis Reed p. 532
1961Athyridae Hoare p. 89
1967Athyrididae Rubel and Modzalevskaya
1974Athyrididae Bassett and Cocks
1974Athyrididae Brunton and Champion p. 828
YearName and Author
1978Athyrididae Savage et al. p. 381
1995Athyrididae Savage and Baxter p. 1039
1997Athyrididae Jin and Chatterton
2002Athyrididae Musteikis and Modzalevskaya
2002Athyrididae Williams et al.
2003Athyrididae Shen et al. p. 248

References

Phillips J. Figures and descriptions of the Palaeozoic fossils of Cornwall, Devon, and West Somerset; observed in the course of the Ordinance Geological Survey of that district, Geological Society of London, 1-231
Reed F. R. C. (1944) Brachiopoda and Mollusca from the Productus limestones of the Salt Range, Palaeontogica Indica, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, New Series 23 2, 1-596
Hoare R. D. (1961) Desmoinesian Brachiopoda and Mollusca from southwest Missouri, Missouri University Studies 36, 1-262
Rubel M., Modzalevskaya T. (1967) New Siluria Brachiopods of the family Athyrididae, Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences 3
Bassett M. G., Cocks L. R. M. (1974) A review of Silurian brachiopods from Gotland, Fossils and Strata 3, 1-56
Brunton C. H. C., Champion C. (1974) A Lower Carboniferous brachiopod fauna from the Manifold Valley, Staffordshire, Palaeontology 17 4, 811-840
Savage N. M., Eberlein G. D., et al (1978) Upper Devonian brachiopods from the Port Refugio Formation, Suemez Island, southeastern Alaska, Journal of Paleontology 52 2, 370-393
Savage N. M., Baxter M. (1995) Late Devonian (Frasnian) brachiopods from the Wadleigh Limestone, Southeastern Alaska, Journal of Paleontology 69 6, 1029-1046
Jin J., Chatterton B. D. E. (1997) Latest Ordovician-Silurian articulate brachiopods and biostratigraphy of the Avalanche Lake area, southwestern District of Mackenzie, Canada, Palaeontographica Canadiana 13, 1-62
Musteikis P., Modzalevskaya T. L. (2002) Some Silurian Brachiopods from Lithuania and their Palaeobiogeographical significance, Palaeontology 45 3, 595-626
Williams A., Brunton C. H. C., et al (2002) Part H Brachiopoda (revised): Volume 4, Rhynchonelliformea (part), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, 921-1688
Shen S. Z., Shi G. R., et al (2003) A Wuchiapingian (Late Permian) brachiopod fauna from an exotic block in the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone, southern Tibet, and its palaeobiogeographical and tectonic implications, Palaeontology 46 2, 225-256
Benton, M.J. (ed). (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, 845 pp. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Museum Victoria KEmu database (Oct 2006) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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