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Branchiopoda

Description

Branchiopoda is a class of crustaceans. It comprises fairy shrimp, clam shrimp, Cladocera, Notostraca and the Devonian Lepidocaris. They are mostly small, freshwater animals that feed on plankton and detritus.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)281https://www.gbif.org/species/281
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)22113https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=22113
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Branchiopoda
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
Pancrustacea
subphylumCrustaceaBrünnich 1772
classBranchiopodaLatreille 1817
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameBranchiopoda
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)81
Extant Size (PBDB)19 (23%)
First Recorded Appearance520 - 516 Ma
Cambrian
Environmentmarine,brackish,freshwater
Motilityslow-moving
Visionwell-developed
Dietsuspension feeder, detritivore
Ecospace CommentsECOSPACE CODE: 121. LIFE HISTORY: pelagic or surficial, fully motile slow, and supension feeding, surface deposit feeding or grazing according to Bambach et al (2007),
Taphonomychitin
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Branchiopods, Phyllopods, Branchiopod
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Branchiopoda

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Anostraca
order
accepted24304 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Diplostraca
order
accepted89520 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Notostraca
order
acceptedTadpole Shrimp5307 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Cyclestheridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ketmeniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepidocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptodorosididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Afrolimnadia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asmussia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bulbilimnadia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eosolimnadiopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gabonestheria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glyptoasmussia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Maghrebestheria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paraleptestheria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Esthena mexicana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paralimetis texana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Limnadioidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF38315 Ma
Carboniferous
89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Sarsostraca
subclass
Not linked to GBIF24extant304 Ma
Carboniferous
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Phyllopoda
subclass
Not linked to GBIF98extant520 Ma
Cambrian
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1817Branchiopoda Latreille
2001Branchiopoda Martin and Davis p. 58
2002Branchiopoda Sepkoski, Jr.

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Martin J. W., Davis G. E. (2001) An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Series 39, 1-124
Martin, Joel W., and George E. Davis, 2001: An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles, Science Series 39. 124. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Bowman, Thomas E., and Lawrence G. Abele / Lawrence G. Abele, ed. / Dorothy E. Bliss, ed.-in-chief, 1982: Chapter 1: Classification of the Recent Crustacea. The Biology of Crustacea, vol. 1: Systematics, the Fossil Record, and Biogeography. 1-27. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Brusca, R.C.; Brusca, G.J. (1990). Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA (USA). ISBN 0-87893-098-1. 922 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Latreille, P. A. (1817). Les Crustacés, les Arachnides, et les Insectes. In: G. L. C. F. D. Cuvier Le Regne Animal, distribue d'apres son organisation, pour servrir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparee. Volume 3 Paris. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Martin, J.W., & Davis, G.E. (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. Science Series, 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA (USA). 124 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Brusca, R.C.; Brusca, G.J. (1990). Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA (USA). ISBN 0-87893-098-1. 922 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Latreille, P. A. (1817). Les Crustacés, les Arachnides, et les Insectes. In: G. L. C. F. D. Cuvier Le Regne Animal, distribue d'apres son organisation, pour servrir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparee. Volume 3 Paris. - via World Register of Marine Species
Martin, J.W., & Davis, G.E. (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. Science Series, 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA (USA). 124 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Dumont, H.J. & Negrea, S.V. (2002) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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