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Prymnesiophyceae

Description

Prymnesiophyceae is a haptophyte class. Although it was originally described by Casper in 1972, it did not receive a Latin diagnosis (a requirement for valid publication under the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature) until Hibberd provided one in 1976.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)258https://www.gbif.org/species/258
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)87645https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=87645
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Chromista : Haptophyta : Prymnesiophyceae
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Haptophyta : Prymnesiophyceae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
Life
EukaryotaChatton 1925
Chromalveolata
phylumHaptophytaHibberd ex Cavalier-Smith 1986
classPrymnesiophyceaeHibberd 1976
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NamePrymnesiophyceae
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)885
Extant Size (PBDB)8 (0.90%)
First Recorded Appearance304 - 296 Ma
Paleozoic
Environmentoceanic,oligotrophic,marine,brackish (based on Haptophyta)
Motilitypassively mobile (based on Haptophyta)
Dietphotoautotroph (based on Haptophyta)
Taphonomylow Mg calcite (based on Haptophyta)
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. R. Bown and J. R. Young. 1997. Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton classification. Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 19:21-36
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prymnesiophyceae

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Coccolithales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coccosphaerales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Isochrysidales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaeocystales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prymnesiales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Syracosphaerales
order
accepted261.6 Ma
Paleocene
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Zygodiscales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Centosphaera
genus
accepted0
Cricolithus
genus
accepted0
Discolithus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eocricosphaera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Markalius
genus
accepted133.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Mathasterites
genus
accepted0
Palmicricothus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Placorhombus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prolatipatella
genus
accepted0
Pyxolithus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhipidodendron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Prymnesiophycidae
subclass
Not linked to GBIF486extant201 Ma
Early Jurassic
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Prymnesiophyta GBIFphylumChromista : Prymnesiophyta
Prymnesiida GBIForderChromista : Haptophyta : Prymnesiophyceae : Prymnesiida
Coccolithophyceae GBIFclassChromista : Haptophyta : Coccolithophyceae

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1976Prymnesiophyceae Hibberd
1997Prymnesiophyceae Young and Bown

References

Bown P. R., Young J. R. (1997) Mesozoic calcareous nannoplankton classification., Journal of Nannoplankton Research. 19, 21-36
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. - via World Register of Marine Species
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Silva, P. C.; Throndsen, J.; Eikrem, W. (2007). Revisiting the nomenclature of Haptophytes. Phycologia. 46(4): 471-475. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Guiry, G.M. (2011) AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Throndsen, John / Carmelo R. Thomas, ed., 1997: Chapter 5: The Planktonic Marine Flagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 591-729. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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