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Polinices

Description

Polinices is a genus of predatory sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Naticidae, commonly known as moon snails.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)2300366https://www.gbif.org/species/2300366
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)10291https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=10291
Rankgenus
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polinices
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Naticidae : Polinices
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
superorderHypsogastropoda
infraorderLittorinimorphaGolikov and Starobogtov 1975
superfamilyNaticoidea(Forbes 1838)
familyNaticidaeGuilding 1834
subfamilyPolinicinaeGray 1847
genusPolinicesMontfort 1810
Common Namemoon snail
Scientific NamePolinices Montfort, 1810
Name Published InMontfort, Pierre D. de. 1810. Conchyliologie systématique, et classification méthodique des coquilles. F. Schoell, Paris. Vol. Tome second: 1–676.
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceMartin, 1904
Polinicessubgenusbelongs to Naticastated without evidenceWilckens, 1912
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceClark and Arnold, 1923
Polinicessubgenusbelongs to Naticastated with evidenceFriedberg, 1923
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceNagao, 1928
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticinaestated without evidenceWoodring, 1928
Polinicessubgenusbelongs to Naticastated without evidenceVredenburg, 1928
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceOlsson, 1931
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated with evidenceGardner, 1947
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceRivera, 1957
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated with evidenceMacNeil, 1960
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceKokay, 1966
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated without evidenceAddicott, 1970
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceMarasti, 1973
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated without evidenceMoore, 1976
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated with evidenceLadd, 1977
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated without evidenceMarincovich, 1977
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceGazdzicki and Pugaczewska, 1984
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated without evidenceSquires, 1984
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated with evidenceWard and Blackwelder, 1987
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated without evidenceSquires, 1987
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated with evidenceMajima, 1989
Polinicesgenusbelongs to PolinicinaeimpliedWilson, 1993
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated with evidenceFrassinetti and Covacevich, 1995
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticidaestated without evidenceWienrich, 2001
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Neotaenioglossasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated with evidenceHarzhauser, 2002
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Naticinaestated without evidenceLandau and Marques da Silva, 2010
Polinicesgenusbelongs to Polinicinaestated with evidenceHuelsken et al., 2012
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)70
Extant Size (PBDB)19 (27%)
First Recorded Appearance251 - 247 Ma
Early Triassic
Motilityactively mobile
Visionlimited (based on Gastropoda)
Dietcarnivore
Ecospace CommentsDIMENSIONS & MORPHOLOGY: Based on ten randomly selected figured species.
Taphonomyintermediate
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Moon Snail, トミガイ
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polinices

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Polinices (Conuber)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)947.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices (Hypterita)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Polinices (Polinella)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)2866.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Polinices (Polinices)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)7766.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Lunatia shumardiana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Natica aurantia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Natica eminula
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Natica pseudoredempta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Natica redempta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Natica washingtonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Naticella arctecostata
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Naticella bronnii
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Naticella compressa
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Naticella praesublineata
species
listed (PBDB)2251 Ma
Early Triassic
251 Ma
Early Triassic
Naticella tuba
species
listed (PBDB)2209 Ma
Late Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Polinices alamedensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices albumen
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
311.6 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices alveatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices amiculatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices aperinus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices aurantius
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices bahamiensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices bifasciatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices bituminatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices blaesus
species
listed (PBDB)228.1 Ma
Oligocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Polinices blakeleyensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices canalis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices candidissimus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
311.6 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices cerovaensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
120.4 Ma
Miocene
20.4 Ma
Miocene
Polinices chattonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices citrinus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices clarki
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices cleistopsila
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices coensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
23.60 Ma
Pliocene
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Conuber conicum
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
42.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Polinices constanti
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices cora
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices cumingianus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices demicryptus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices diabloensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices dubius
species
listed (PBDB)15.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices effusus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices eminulus
species
listed (PBDB)3066.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Polinices eucallosus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices fallai
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices flemingianus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
20.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices fortunei
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices gainesanus
species
listed (PBDB)
Polinices galianoi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices grunerianus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices hacketti
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices harrisi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices hepaticus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4016.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices huttoni
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices immaculatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Conuber incei
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Polinices intemeratus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices intermeratus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Polinices intracrassus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices jukesii
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices kummeli
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1772.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Polinices lacteus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2011.6 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices lavelana
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
15.33 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Polinices laxus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices leptaleus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices limi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices lincolnensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices lobatus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Polinices mackayi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices mammata
species
listed (PBDB)
Polinices mammilla
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
111.6 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Polinices mammilla
species
listed (PBDB)923.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices mediopacificus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices melanostomus
species
listed (PBDB)15.33 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Polinices mellosus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices mercedensis
species
listed (PBDB)172.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Polinices monteronis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices mucronatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices nomii
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices nux
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices oneroaensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices otaioensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices otis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices paciae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices panamaensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
13.60 Ma
Pliocene
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Polinices parki
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices parvulus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices perspecta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices perspectiva
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices perspicuus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices peselephanti
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1516.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices pijiguayensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices plicispira
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices politiana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices porcana
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
123.0 Ma
Miocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Polinices powisiana
species
listed (PBDB)23.60 Ma
Pliocene
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Polinices powisianus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices prolactea
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
123.0 Ma
Miocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Polinices propeinternus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices propeovatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices pseudoredempta
species
listed (PBDB)
Polinices psilus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices putealis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices ramonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices recluziana
species
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Polinices rectus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices redemptus
species
listed (PBDB)1347.8 Ma
Eocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Polinices reiniana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices repenningi
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Polinices robustus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices sagamiensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices sagenus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mammilla sebae
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Polinices shumardianus
species
listed (PBDB)3101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mammilla simiae
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Polinices simiensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices sookensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Conuber sordidum
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Polinices stanislasmeunieri
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
8223.0 Ma
Miocene
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Polinices subangulata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices subtenuis
species
listed (PBDB)2256.0 Ma
Paleocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Polinices susanaensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices tawhitirahia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices uber
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
185.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Polinices uberinus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices unisulcatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices vandervlerki
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices vavaosi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices vestitus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices victoriana
species
listed (PBDB)916.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Polinices victorianus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
328.1 Ma
Oligocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Polinices waipaensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
133.9 Ma
Oligocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Polinices waipipiensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices waltonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polinices washingtonensis
species
listed (PBDB)2756.0 Ma
Paleocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Polinices weispordi
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3347.8 Ma
Eocene
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Polinices woodsi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polynices consimilis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
428.4 Ma
Oligocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Polynices hornii
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
259.2 Ma
Paleocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Polynices jorgensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
228.4 Ma
Oligocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Polynices ortmanni
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
428.4 Ma
Oligocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Polynices santacrucensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
128.4 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Polynices subtenuis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Eucaryorum Ehrenberg, 1831GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Eucaryorum
Albula Röding, 1798GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Albula
Polynices Herrmannsen, 1847GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polynices
Mamma H.Adams & A.Adams, 1853GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Mamma
Polymices Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1905GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polymices
Mammillaria Herrmannsen, 1847GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Mammillaria
Lunatia GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Lunatia
Uba Fletcher, 1938GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Uba
Polinicis Blainville, 1826GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polinicis
Polinus Hall, 1867GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polinus
Naticina Guilding, 1834GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Naticina
Naticella Swainson, 1840GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Naticella
Mamillaria Swainson, 1840GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Mamillaria
Polinice Rang, 1829GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polinice
Pollinices Mörch, 1852GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Pollinices
Uber Philippi, 1853GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Uber
Polinia Desmarest, 1858GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polinia

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1798Albula Röding
1810Polinices Monfort
1823Mamma Blainville
1831Eucaryorum Ehrenberg
1840Naticella Swainson
1904Polynices Martin p. 252
1912Natica (Polynices) Wilckens p. 21
1923Polinices Clark and Arnold p. 169
1923Natica (Polinices) Friedberg p. 197
1928Polinices Nagao p. 95
1928Polynices Nagao p. 118
1928Natica (Polinices) Vredenburg p. 397
1928Polinices Woodring p. 385
1930Dallitesta Mansfield
1931Polinices Olsson p. 68
1938Polinices Turner p. 88
1942Polinices (Dallitesta) Rutsch p. 103
1944Polinices Durham p. 159
1946Natica (Mamma) Abrard p. 100
1947Polinices Gardner p. 548
1957Polinices Rivera p. 179
1960Polinices MacNeil p. 53
1966Polynices Kokay p. 55
YearName and Author
1970Polinices Addicott p. 67
1973Polinices Marasti p. 87
1976Polinices Moore p. 32
1977Polinices Ladd p. 28
1977Polinices Marincovich p. 245
1980Polinices Hickman p. 36
1984Polinices Gazdzicki and Pugaczewska p. 107
1984Polinices Squires p. 25
1987Polinices Squires p. 37
1987Polinices Ward and Blackwelder p. 132
1989Polinices Majima p. 34
1990Polinices Beu et al.
1993Polinices Wilson p. 220
1995Polinices Frassinetti and Covacevich p. 57
2001Polinices Todd
2001Polinices Wienrich p. 430
2002Polinices Harzhauser p. 87
2002Dallitesta Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Polinices Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Polinices Pastorino p. 247
2010Polinices Landau and Marques da Silva p. 43
2012Polinices Huelsken et al.

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Martin G. C. (1904) Gastropoda, Maryland Geological Survey Miocene Text, 131-269
Clark B. L., Arnold R. (1923) Fauna of the Sooke Formation Vancouver Island, University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences 14 5, 123-234
Nagao T. (1928) Palaeogene fossils of the Island of Kyushu, Japan Part II, Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University 12 1, 11-140
Nagao T. (1928) Palaeogene fossils of the Island of Kyushu, Japan Part I, Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University 9 3, 97-128
Vredenburg E. (1928) Description of Mollusca from the post-Eocene Tertiary formation of north-western India: Gastropoda (in part) and Lamellibranchiata, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India 50 2, 351-506
Woodring W. P. (1928) Miocene Molluscs from Bowden, Jamaica. Part 2: Gastropods and discussion of results, Contributions to the Geology and Palaeontology of the West Indies
Olsson A. A. (1931) Contributions to the Tertiary Paleontology of Northern Peru: Part 4, The Peruvian Oligocene, Bulletins of American Paleontology 17 63
Turner F. E. (1938) Stratigraphy and Mollusca of the Eocene of western Oregon, Geological Society of America Special Paper 10, 1-130
Durham J. W. (1944) Megafaunal zones of the Oligocene of northwestern Washington, University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 27, 101 -212
Gardner J. R. (1947) The Molluscan Fauna of the Alum Bluff Group of Florida, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 142A-H, 1-709
Rivera R. (1957) Moluscos fosiles de la Formacion Paracas, Dpto. de Ica, Sociedad Geologica del Peru Primer Congreso Nacional de Geologia Anales - Parte II 32, 165-219
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Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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